Nobody downloaded yet

The Primary Shaper of Gender Differences - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Name Instructor Class 22 July 2012 Nurture: The Primary Shaper of Gender Differences When some people talk about gender, they immediately think of the dichotomy between masculinity and femininity. Some of them believe that gender is biological, such as men are born to be aggressive, while women are born to be submissive…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.6% of users find it useful
The Primary Shaper of Gender Differences
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"The Primary Shaper of Gender Differences"

Download file to see previous pages Recent studies demonstrate, however, that nurture is a powerful force in affecting so-called “genetic” or “natural” gender differences (Sameroff 8). This paper asks: Are gender differences primarily caused by nature or nurture? This paper believes that gender differences, in terms of risk-taking, aggression, cognitive abilities, and language skills, are significant products of nurture, which refers to a host of diverse environmental factors. Risk-taking is commonly believed to be a masculine trait, but sources show that it is the environment, and not genetics, which plays a large role in shaping risk-taking attitudes and behaviors. In “Gender Differences in Risk Behaviour: Does Nurture Matter?” Booth and Nolen examined if choosing risky outcomes is truly an innate preference reserved for boys. They hypothesized that single-sex settings for girls can enhance their risk-taking behaviors than co-ed settings and these behaviors will not differ from boys. They recruited 260 students with an average age of 15 years old. The sampling came from Essex and Suffolk counties in the United Kingdom. The researchers used five rounds of lottery to determine risk-taking behaviors. Findings showed that gender differences in risk-taking preferences are affected by the school environment. In particular, girls from single-sex schools take the same risks as boys from co-ed and gender-exclusive schools and more than co-ed girls. Gender mix also affects risk-taking behaviors, where girls in all-girls groups take higher risks than those in mixed-sex groups. Booth and Nolen concluded that nurture variables had a significant impact on risk-taking behavior, where all-girls settings remove traditional gender influences on risk taking. Morrongiello, Zdzieborski, and Normand seek to provide an explanation for differences in risk-taking behaviors between men and women in their study, “Understanding Gender Differences in Children's Risk Taking and Injury.” They compared the reactions of mothers and fathers to their children’s risk-taking actions. Around 52 mother–father pairs participated, where their reactions to their sons and daughters were recorded before and after injuries. Findings showed differences in kinds and reasons of reactions; for instance, mothers were angry at their sons, while for their daughters, they showed disappointment and shock. The researchers quote psychologists Kessler et al: “…What is hegemonic at any given time depends on how the relations among different kinds of masculinity and femininity have been worked out” (17). Morrongiello, Zdzieborski, and Normand conclude that parents have gender-based perceptions, which affect their discipline approaches to their children regarding their risk-taking behaviors. The way they discipline their children, in turn, affects the existence of gender differences in terms of risk-taking. Nurture affects the genetic risks for aggression among men, which proves that the environment strongly brings about gender differences in aggressive personalities between men and women. Boutwell, Franklin, Barnes, and Beaver studied if genetic influences interact with the effects of spanking on children’s behaviors. They analyzed statistics from twin siblings that were gathered from a nationwide-survey. Findings showed that spanking can provoke aggression among children, especially for boys, when genetic risks are present. Boutwell et al. believe that boys are more predisposed to violence, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“The Primary Shaper of Gender Differences Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/english/1454820-research-paper-gender-ya
(The Primary Shaper of Gender Differences Research Paper)
https://studentshare.org/english/1454820-research-paper-gender-ya.
“The Primary Shaper of Gender Differences Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/english/1454820-research-paper-gender-ya.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Gender-Based Differences in Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
Mostly, CVD is caused by the accumulation of extra plaque on the outer layer of a large blood—this is also referred to as ‘atherosclerosis’. This excess plaque disrupts the flow of blood to the brain or to the heart which causes heart attacks (Eaker et al., 1993).
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Differences between primary and secondary research
Primary sources are retrieved from live sources whereas secondary sources are retrieved from recorded sources. Primary sources are retrieved from people who have personally experienced an event or are associated with the subject under discussion in some way.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Gender Differences in Academic Underachievement
Table of Contents 1. Introduction 4 Background 4 Purpose of study 4 Problem statement 4 Research questions 4 Limitations of study 5 Summary 5 2. Literature review 6 Adolescence and masculinity 6 Gender differences/ Perceptions of masculinity- influences 6 Education achievement 7 Rationalizations for underachievement 8 Summary 8 3.
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Differences Of Gender Communication
Communication is the means through which ideas and information are conveyed from one person to another. People use communication to express feelings, emotions, views, and values, for learning and teaching, and for improving their status (Barret & Davidson, 2006). Therefore, communication is essential to human interaction.
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Gender differences
'This is how a man does it or this is what a women should do' aren't comments we are unfamiliar with . The society and culture does subconsciously label these roles which in turn defines our behaviour. The behavioural pattern of every individual is to a lot of extend dependent of the surroundings he or she grows up in.
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
Gender Differences/Favoritism
More importantly, this creates divisions in the ability for gender to move forward within a specific environment because of social and organizational policies. To change this, organizations are required to create strategies and
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
Gender Based differences and management style
The central theme of this book is the idea of how diversity in gender may improve the performance of a company. in the first texts, the writer has reviewed the
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
GENDER DIFFERENCES
Nurture? Many argue that the reason why boys and girls are so different is because of the way they are raised and influenced by the family and society. Whereas others advocate that these differences are hereditary and come
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Gender differences and oral health behavior
Over the years, there has been an improvement in people’s attitudes and behaviors towards dental hygiene and care. “It is crucial that everyone – both men
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Gender differences and Job Satisfaction
This essay investigates this trend in job satisfaction in order to determine if there exist any systematic personality differences of male and female workers that can be attributed to women reporting higher levels of job
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic The Primary Shaper of Gender Differences for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us