We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Discuss the Ways in which Cohesion and Coherence Contribute to Making Meaning in texts - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Introduction John Kerry and George Bush’s rhetorical speeches are very different with regards to cohesion and coherence. McCarthy (1994) explains that cohesion focuses upon pronouns and articles, and what they refer to, and how substitution and ellipsis carry information which is understood from shared knowledge and previous utterances…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER

Extract of sample
Discuss the Ways in which Cohesion and Coherence Contribute to Making Meaning in texts

Download file to see previous pages... This paper will explain the concept of cohesion in greater detail, and will apply the concepts introduced to two different speeches, one from John Kerry and one from George W. Bush. Discussion According to Cutting (2008), cohesion may take either the form of grammatical cohesion or lexical cohesion. In grammatical cohesion, a referring expression links with another referring expression which is cohesive with “the previous mention of the referent in the text” (Cutting, 2008). In other words, certain words, known and endophora, refer back to certain other words – the word “them” will refer back to an earlier noun, and the word “this” will refer back to an earlier sentence. Further, endophora may be associative, which means that the context in which a word is used tells the listener or reader the meaning of that word. Anaphora means a word which refers to the previous text, and cataphora refers to following text (Cutting, 2008). Moreover, Kerry uses anaphora much more than Bush does, with 7 different anaphoric sentences, compared to 3 different anaphoric sentences in Bush’s speech. ...
Basically, grammatical cohesion is a type of short-hand, where short words are used to refer back to other words, and ambiguous words are defined by their context. Further, endophora may be contrasted with exophora, which refers to outside context and not what occurred in the text – the listener knows the meaning of the word through its context (Cutting, 2008). Exophora reference is a cohesion concept that both George W. Bush and John Kerry use extensively. Both men used exophora 8 different times in the speeches. However, while much of John Kerry’s use of exophoric terms are some variation of “you,” “we,” “our” and “us,” with Bush, he doesn’t use these same terms. He uses the word “we’ve” in three different sentences – 16 to 18 – but, other than this, the terms that Bush uses which are exophoric are “lofty” sentences such as “freedom” in sentence 12, “liberty” in sentence 13, and “great land” in sentence 23, as well as the term “our alliances” in sentence 10. Hoey (1991) states that cohesion can further be broken up into five classes – conjunction, reference, substitution, ellipsis (all part of grammatical cohesion) and lexical cohesion. Conjunctions are words which mark a semantic relationship to a previous sentence. These words might include “however,” which signifies that the coming sentence is an exception to the rule of the previous sentence, or “alternatively,” which means that the coming sentence presents an alternative from the previous sentence. Reference is a semantic relation and the identity of the word can be ascertained by the previous text – pronouns such as “them” and “this” in the examples above would be an example of a reference. Substitution refers ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Compare and Contrast/Making Connections between Texts
James B. Twitchell in his article “What We Are to Advertisers” (192-197), stole the goggles of advertisers and exposes the way consumers are baited. On the other hand, Shafeeq Sadiq views these tactics of baiting by advertisers to their end as being more than meets the eye in his article “Racism and Sexism in Advertising” (160-162).
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Do Postmodernism Texts Find Ways to Articulate Our Unfreedom
In order to comprehend this, one must first understand the rationality behind postmodernism as a theory, and how theorists in this school of thought rationalize the world they live. Firstly, postmodernism theory refers to a nontraditional approach of defining existing concepts, which deviates from previously known superstructural theories.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Cache coherence
Shared-memory multiprocessors utilize cache to reduce memory access latency and significantly reduce bandwidth needs for the global interconnect and local memory module. However, a problem still exists in these systems: cache coherence problem introduced by local caching of data, which leads to reduced processor execution speeds.
9 Pages(2250 words)Term Paper
Community Cohesion
The author of the essay casts light upon the social cohesion in the UK. According to the text, the UK government has recently undertaken measures to eradicate ethnic differences and promote social cohesion among people across different cultures. Moreover, the UK urban policy in trying to regenerate community cohesion.
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Making Meaning- English Language
This method necessarily includes the cognitive concepts of semantics such as prototype, metaphor, metonymy, etc in order to test the hypothesis that is composed at the beginning of this essay. The priority of cognitive approaches to test this hypothesis lies in the fact that
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
Discuss the process of making meaning in the face of confusion, loss or limitation using the spiral Jetty and the documentry bomb it as resources
To my mind, the best way to overcome the dark moments of life is to take up different kinds of art. The thing is that some people have to create the art masterpieces by themselves while others manage
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Coherence & Interruption

A poet must ensure that a poem has a level of coherence that they desire. They should also ensure that there is no interruption in the process of delivering information. This will ensure that the poem is exemplary and appropriate for delivery of the information that the poet intends.

3 Pages(750 words)Essay
In what ways can the Internet contribute to public service broadcasting Discuss and provide examples from the readings
In recent years, the traditional methods and techniques of public broadcast are shifting towards the Internet i.e. towards
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Texts
many challenges in the transformation of the entire education sector; for instance academic curricula, education materials, educational stakeholders, and institutional processes. The tourism and hospitality sector of the international economy, possess operating and staff
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
How do the subject and form contribute to the meaning of an image
In the image shown in the left, there is a painting of a horse’s head drawn by Picasso. The painting has high value contrast,
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Discuss the Ways in which Cohesion and Coherence Contribute to Making Meaning in texts for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us