We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Mamuju: An Endangered Language - Research Paper Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Mamuju: An Endangered Language Endangered languages belong to a class of people mostly identified as indigenous. These peoples often employ a peculiar language unshared by another tribe or community, are what is defined as socially disadvantaged, nomadic or isolated from the rest of humanity, practice animism or ancestral worship, rely on nature for sustenance by participating in primitive culture such as hunting, fishing and agriculture, have limited knowledge of modern technology, retain very small numbers, and are considered vulnerable (EIA Drilling)…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER

Extract of sample
Mamuju: An Endangered Language

Download file to see previous pages... About 400 of the 800 languages spoken in New York City are deemed endangered (Global Language Association). In view of the alarming, dying trend of old languages, organizational bodies such as the Endangered Language Alliance of New York, the United Nations Education Science and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) , the Global Language Association, the Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages are coming together to save a few near extinct languages by public sensitization, documentation, grammar construction and education. Although this world is very multilingual, a phenomenon called steamroller languages (such as English, Spanish, Chinese, Hindi, French, Russian and German) dominate, absorbing minority cultures to forget traditional languages and pushing them into ‘modern civilization.’ More than 50% of the world speaks these preponderant languages. The New York Times interviewed Husni Husain, aged 69, as the lone speaker of Mamuju in New York. The rest of his family are from Java, Indonesia and does not speak the language. Husni Husain has migrated from Mamuju to Queens for the past number of years. He mentions his, “wife is from Java, and children were born in Jakarta — they don’t associate with the Mamuju…he (doesn’t) read books in Mamuju. They don’t publish any. (He) only speak Mamuju when (he goes) back or when he talks to (his) brother on the telephone.” Husni feels that speaking Mamuju is a unique gift. He sees that it makes him an ambassador for his culture since he has been proven the only speaker of Mamuju in the US. He never transmitted the language to his daughter because he never thought that it would lapse into near obscurity. However, Professor Daniel Kaufman of CUNY is working feverishly along with Husain through the Mamuju Project, to document the language, compile a book and preserve it before it is too late. Dr. Kaufman collaborates with many immigrants in the New York City area to gather data on expiring language and makes efforts to save them from disuse and demise (Roberts). Further conversations with Husni can be seen following these links: Conversations: http://www.newslook.com/videos/211119-dying-languages-living-in-new-york http://endangeredlanguagealliance.org/main/language-projects/mamuju Indeed, Husain stands as the only speaker in New York and possibly, the USA of Mamuju.. Mamuju is a language spoken by inhabitants of West Sulawesi in Indonesia, primarily those in the Mamuju district. This district is a very diverse melting pot, seeing that other peoples also cohabit with Mamuju such as Mandar, Bugis, Makassar, Toraja, Manado, Bali, Karampuang and Java. Currently Mamuju accounts for about 60,000 speakers in that specific region. The Mamuju district, since 1999, has combined with the Polewali, Mamasa and Majene districts to form one province. The speakers of Mamuju are heavily concentrated in that area and are dependent fishing and agriculture for their livelihood. The Mamuju distr ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Endangered Species
-The endangered species face problems at the hands of nature. -They also face the problem at the hands of human beings. -Endangered species are important to us as they can provide many benefits. -They also have an effect on the whole environment and mostly concern with the stabilization of the ecological systems.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Endangered Snow Leopard
Snow leopard population is estimated to be 4,080-6590 globally (McCarthy et al, 2003: Table II). IUCN (2006) guidelines defined population as total number of mature individuals. It is the number of identified, estimated, or inferred to capable of reproduction.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Endangered Species Paper
Unlike precedent, group extinctions caused by natural calamities such as volcanic explosions, asteroid hits as well as shifts of natural atmosphere, today’s crisis is almost single handed caused by human beings. Almost all species facing extinction are at risk through people activities, principally those caused by global warming, habitat loss as well as the emergence of alien species.
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Endangered Species Reseach Paper
This branch of philosophy entails at conserving natural resources (Jardins 14). Plants and animals are living things and part of human life. They should be associated with human beings’ guiding principles and also moral and ethical values. Human beings need to check on their actions and impacts on the environment.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Endangered Species Research Paper
Study shows that by the year 2050, more than 50 percent of different species will be subjected to extinction (Barr 24). It is indeed terrifying but also factual the world is in the midst of the most horrible wave of species extinction since the terrifying extinction of the dinosaurs, centuries ago.
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Biodiversity, landscapes, and endangered species
From a natural biologist point of view, one of the best forms of diversity that can exist is biodiversity, which simply explains the degree of differences that exists between natural creatures of life (Blanchard, Southerland and Granger, 2009). Unfortunately however, there has been a developing situation over the decades that seek to undermine and negatively affect the beauty of biodiversity.
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Endangered language.-----sermo vulgaris
Sermo Vulgaris was spoken in Rome and was associated to the people belonging to the low class in the Roman Empire. The pronunciation of Sermo Vulgaris was different from those of the classical Latin. The language is now known as the Latin. It was a spoken
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Endangered African Wildlife
The African continent, one of the biodiversity-rich tropical regions, has been facing environmental challenges for decades, with many of its animal and
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Endangered species
Such human activities include irresponsive hunting habits, infrastructural developments, industrial activities, and other major activities that either
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
Trade in Endangered Species
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the efficiency of the existing international bans on trade in endangered species. The paper will argue that legalizing trade will not save these animals from extinction. Further, it will present possible measures which can be taken in order to protect endangered animals.
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Mamuju: An Endangered Language for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us