Nearly 40 types of HPVs may transmit from one person to another through sexual contact. Gardasil is a vaccine developed to prevent certain types of HPV related complications including cervical cancer and it has been duly approved by the Food and Drug Administration. …
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Researchers indicate that cervical cancer is more prevalent in women at a younger age. However, mandatory vaccination for cervical cancer can cause a series of consequences. This paper will discuss why young girls should not be given mandatory vaccination for preventing cervical cancer.
The HPV vaccination was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration recently in 2006 and therefore its long term effects are still unknown to the world. Ashton reveals that the effects of HPV vaccination can lead to fatal motor accidents and suicides. According to the US Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System, a number of adverse side effects including pancreatitis, Guillain-Barre syndrome, and spinal cord inflammation have been reported since the approval of the vaccine. “Although these adverse reactions may be rare, they are not worth the risk since the vaccine only protects against two of the 15 strains of HPV that may cause cancer of the cervix” (“Should any vaccines be required for children?.”). There are also some doubts about the effectiveness of this vaccine because it was tested only on 1,100 girls; and this number is insufficient to get a clear picture of the vaccine’s ‘functionability’. Researchers have identified that around 15 types of genital HPV out of 30 are likely to lead to cervical cancer. However, the Gardasil provides coverage against only two of the 15 and therefore it cannot be considered as an effective vaccine to HPV. Hence, this vaccine provides coverage against only some limited viral strains. Evidently, the US government has not done adequate researches to explore the long term impacts of such a mandate. Since its long term implications still remain to be unknown, the mandatory vaccination is more likely to lead to additional health issues. In other words, the US government risks the public backlash through the mandatory HPV vaccination. Obviously, the HPV vaccination must not be mandated before its long term side effects are clearly identified. Ethically, parents have the ultimate right to make health decisions for their children and therefore the government should not intervene in those decisions. According to a survey conducted by the University of Michigan, 31% of parents do not support mandatory school entry vaccinations (“Should any vaccines be required for children?.”). They hold the view that they must have the authority to refuse such vaccinations. Many of the US parents hold the view that the process of vaccination is religiously wrong. The First Amendment to the United States Constitution guarantees citizens to freely exercise their religious belief. Hence, the forcible vaccination would violate the first Amendment. Similarly, this mandatory vaccination policy gives exception to boys and hence it can be considered as the direct violation of constitutional principles of equity. Forcible enforcement of mandatory HPV vaccination would result in public backlash and this situation may adversely affect childhood vaccine programs for other diseases. Many people strongly argue in favor of the proposal by pointing to other mandatory vaccinations against measles and smallpox. They ask why it is necessary to give exception to mandatory HPV vaccination while practicing mandatory vaccination against several other diseases. Here, it must be noted that the HPV is not airborne and sexual contact is the major cause of cervical cancer. The government has a potential motive to protect its people from a deadly airborne virus because
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According to the study the effectiveness of mandatory sentencing can only be as harsh as society and lawgivers want them to be. In general, States have opted to move towards more effective and less restrictive strategies intended to maintain or lower the population of prison inmates, give them treatment, counseling or other means of combating crime and so reduce the possibility of their returning to jail.
Some of the diseases that are vaccinated against include and not limited to; Diphtheria, Measles, measles, small pox, tetanus and polio among others. Vaccination is conducted through two main ways which include injection and administration through the mouth.
The article describes a research that was conducted to gauge the impact of social campaigns which are meant, to increase in the number of women who initiate the HPV vaccine for their young daughters at a rural setting.
Vaccination was first developed by Edward Jenner, the first vaccine being against the deadly small pox, in the year 1796 (Ghaffar and Haqqi, Microbiology and Immunology On-line). It was he who coined the term 'vaccination'. The next vaccine was developed by Louis Pasteur against rabies in 1885, almost a century later.
Oropharyngeal cancer is on the other hand a type of cancer that affects oropharynx tissues along the throat. There has been a developed relationship between Human papillomavirus and Oropharyngeal Cancer with the viral infection greatly increasing a person’s vulnerability to the cancer.
These uncontrolled growths and divisions spread to other parts of the body through bloodstream or lymphatic system. Causative factors or agents for cancer directly damage genes or combine with existing genetic faults in a person resulting malignant growths.
The central theme of vaccination controversy is the fact that the medical procedure interferes with core biological functions vital for survival. Vaccines are manufactured using either killed or attenuated organisms and contain various poisons such as mercury, formaldehyde and aluminum hydroxide.
These types also affect the anus and the rectum (Monsonego 189). Thirteen of these types of virus have been classified as high risks because they cause cervical cancer. Apparently, HPV affects 80 per cent of sexually energetic men and women but only a few people become aware of the presence of the virus in their system (Monsonego 189).
Vaccination of children is a civic duty and a sign of cooperation within communities. It is important that a vocal minority of parents not derail the progress that had been made through the years towards eliminating these deadly and debilitating diseases.
To control HPV, A new vaccine has recently been approved for girls' ages 9-26 years old that will decrease the spread of HPV infection. But, before Vaccination, the family health practitioners need to be aware of parental attitudes and knowledge regarding the vaccine, specifically the concern that it will increase pre-marital sex.
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