We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

The Ocean in Crisis - Research Paper Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Full Name Professor Name English 101 01 January 2012 The Ocean in Crisis Civilizations depend both directly and indirectly on the oceans that sustain life. Oceans serve as the source of abundant food and minerals, provide highways of international trade, and a means of waste disposal…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER

Extract of sample
The Ocean in Crisis

Download file to see previous pages... In some places like arid desert where fresh water is not readily available, ocean water serves as a lifeline for societies who can decrease its salt content to a safe level. Humanity’s dependence on the oceans is not a recent development, but has existed for thousands of years, ever since man first realized that he could master the resources that the ocean has to offer. Humans are not beyond that basic dependence on regulation and equilibrium in how they interact with the vast oceans of earth. Unfortunately, much of this equilibrium between the health of oceans and the health of civilizations has disappeared in the last century, with the rise of grave threats to the world’s seas. Problems such as acidification, climate change, pollution, and overfishing have resulted in the need for civilizations to rethink how they exploit the oceans to support necessary institutions. Of course, the existence of these threats is not always clear, so the purpose of this paper is to elucidate some of the inevitable dangers humans pose to the oceans and how those dangers can be reversed. Acidification Acidification is a process of decreasing the pH level of some substance—in this case, earth’s oceans. The process of acidification is occurring at a faster rate because of higher levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Because levels of carbon dioxide in the earth’s atmosphere remain relatively stable, the excess carbon dioxide is taken up by the oceans (Raven and Falkowski). Dissolved carbon dioxide produces acids such as carbonic acid and bicarbonate. A lower pH has the effect of making ocean waters more acidic, which means most importantly that oceanic calcifying organisms such as corals, crustaceans, echinoderms, mollusks, foraminifera, and others will be vulnerable to the negative effects of a more acidic ocean. Fundamental disruptions to the ecosystems of these organisms that lie at the bottom of the ocean’s food chain will have profound, and most likely irreversible, influences life in the ocean (Nienhuis, Palmer and Harley 10). Keith Sherwood and Craig Idso argue against those who claim ocean acidification poses a significant problem to earth’s largest ecosystem based on a review by Hendriks et al., published in 2010. According to the report, warnings that ocean acidification poses a significant long-term threat to marine biodiversity are based on theoretical models that do not account for numerous biological phenomena and are not supported by empirical observation. According to Sherwood and Idso, biological processes are capable of homeostasis against significant changes in pH levels within the range predicted during the 21st century. However, the essential contradiction here is that the conclusion being offered by Sherwood and Idso is based on the same theoretical models that they claim are not supported by empirical observation earlier; that is, “the range predicted during the 21st century” is a prediction based on a theoretical model of how acid levels in the bulk waters of the oceans will change. A major problem Sherwood and Idso do not address is whether predictions about acid level increases are actually reliable when by their own admission, Sherwood and Idso do not think so. Perhaps acid levels will rise much more than predicted, which would call into the question their conclusion that homeostasis can make up the difference. Climate Change Climate change and ocean acidificati ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Ocean Biome: Ocean Plant Energy Flow
According to the report ecological succession and climax vegetation often become the features of biomes and a biome is not defined in terms of genetic, historical, or taxonomic similarities unlike in the case of ecozones. In addition, a biome is a major habitat type and it has an intrinsic inhomegeneity.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Blue Ocean Strategy
By doing this the Wii effectively positioned its product where the competitive forces were weakest (Porter, 2008). Scott (2008) elaborates that whereas Sony and Microsoft were concentrated on differentiating their products in terms of providing cutting-edge game play to demanding customers, Wii focused on reaching new customers segments.
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
Blue Ocean Strategy
The Blue Ocean Strategy, on the other hand, focuses mainly on making fresh demand in spaces where there is no demand at all, thus, building the pie superior as a substitute by fighting over who gets to have the bigger piece of the pie. Since the introduction of Wii video-game scheme, Nintendo has grown victorious as it has been able to make the opposition immaterial.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Blue Ocean Strategy
Introduction The Four Actions Framework in the Blue Ocean Strategy (BOS) is used to reconstruct buyer value elements in order to craft a new value curve for a given industry (Kim & Mauborgne, 2010). The Eliminate-Reduce-Raise-Create Grid is a tool that is used together with the Four Actions Framework to drive companies to actions of eliminating and reducing as well as raising and creating new factors that shall underlie their blue ocean.
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Sea Level Rise Crisis
There are many reasons which are associated with the changes in the climate condition, some of which are associated with the natural internal processes, whereas some of the changes are related to the significant anthropogenic variation in the atmosphere’s composition or the land usage.
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Global water crisis
This pressure is felt to the greatest degree within nations that area already experiencing water shortages and are struggling to provide for their growing populations as well as the need and desire to industrialize; a process that in and of itself requires a high level of water resources.
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Financial crisis
Many economists believe that the current recession may continue longer than anticipated. The financial institutions need to be blamed themselves for the current crisis. The crazy lending habits of
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Blue ocean strategy
However, in order to increase the market value and position, it helps to create the differentiated product lines with lowest price so as to satisfy the changing needs of the customers. However, in order to increase the productivity and profitability of the organization, it tries
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Ocean power 2
The tidal power requires large tidal differences for power to be produced in large quantity (Brewster, 104). Tidal energy is the best and renewable source of electricity that does not emit any poisonous
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
Ocean regulation and deregulation
The federal maritime commission sets up a regulatory apparatus that is new (David 27). For a long time economists have pressed deregulation in the shipping industry after studies showed constant returns to scale and losses resulting from
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic The Ocean in Crisis for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us