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He moves in ways that are familiar to him. What he has done in the past matters much to him. He is found to be extremely loyal to his cultural tradition. Historic practices are of great value to him. His commitment towards the machine shows his mindset. He is found to be much dedicated to the general way of punishment. He is very much loyal to the traditions and the historic way of doing things. What he is aware of is nothing but the cultural traditions of his place. His thoughts and actions are based on the “current individual” factor. This very factor drives his attitude. The officer is the product of his circumstances. The author Franz Kafka places the officer in a situation that justifies his strange attitude. In the story we find that the officer is compelled to convince the explorer about the relevance and necessity of the machine. The presence of the explorer created an atmosphere of urgency in the colony. This urgency is visible in the words and actions of the officer. The officer feels that unless he convinces the explorer, the machine and the punishment system will be put to an end. He therefore explains the positive aspects of the machine. We find that the officer fails to convince the explorer about the importance of the machine. The officer’s mood changes because of the explorer’s attitude. Current situation again starts dominating the officer’s behavior. This gave him the motivation to free the condemned man and place himself in his place. The situation made the officer resort to such an action. The officer understands that his mission is no longer successful. The system which he believed and followed all these years is going to be abolished in the colony. He therefore decided to subject himself to the machine. His act means that he willingly became a martyr for the machine. He represented his mistake and accepted the punishment for that. This is evident in the inscription ‘Be just’. This very behavior of the officer is caused by his situation and brought up. The officer has immense enthusiasm about the machine he created. The so called ‘justice’ of the old commandant made him crazy. The officer blindly follows the old Commandant. He is overenthusiastic over the system he formed. The machine embodies the system he created. The apparatus symbolizes the notion of justice. The officer is fully devoted to the system of the old Commandant. He is crazy to be the judge of the colony. He is of the belief that by executing people using the machine he is establishing justice. ‘Guilt is never to be doubted’ is the motto of the officer. The machine puts immense torture on the body of the punished individual. The officer’s satisfaction lies on the idea that injustice is rightly punished. He feels that the punishment establishes transfiguration and enlightenment. This very notion makes him subject himself to the machine. He wants to personally experience the feeling. We read that “But how quiet he grows at the sixth hour! Enlightenment comes to the most dull witted. It begins around the eyes. From there it radiates. A moment that might tempt one to get under the Harrow oneself! Nothing more happens than that the man begins to understand the inscription; he purses his mouth as if he were listening. You have seen how difficult it is to decipher the script with one’s eyes, but our man deciphers it with his wounds…” (Kafka 1995). The officer further believes that the individuals who are
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The rate of honey production has faced a downward trend since the beginning of the agrarian revolution. Obviously, this fall relies upon the under-productivity of the worker bees and infertility among the queen bees and the drone. Colony collapse disorder is the appropriate phenomena found to provide a better description of this tragedy in the honeybee colonies.
The geographical area of Kyauktada town is described as hot and sultry. The relationship between the Europeans and the natives they ruled can be best described as tense and cruel to Burmese natives. The small European population in the area spends most of their time hunting or drinking in their exclusively European club (Orwell 75).
69). Ultimately what the penal laws in the 1800's provoked from the Irish Catholics were retribution and revenge for the severity of life that they had been left to deal with.
The Irish Catholics began evading the penal laws which led to forms of guerrilla warfare from a society that only wanted what was rightfully theirs.
Criminal Law or Penal Law, shall we say, is made up of a set of systematic ideas and processes which are most always theorized to come up with a logical conclusion as to how the investigating incident occurred and whether it can be considered criminal or civil law.
This differs from civil law in that civil actions are disputes between two parties that are not of significant public concern (Johanson 12).
The process begins, obviously, with an alleged crime. A complainant makes an accusation, which is investigated by the police, acting as agents of the government.
The different penal stations that were established were intended to be places of secondary punishment to service convicts who received sentences for offences committed whilst in the colonies, as well, the penal stations were meant to incarcerate criminals who had committed very serious offences, and who were deemed to require seclusion from the remaining population3.
European countries such as United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Italy are ensamples to countries seeking to modernize their way of living and economy. Some may even admit that Europe's most advanced nations' chronological history became the pedagogue to United States' governmental structure and contributed to the framework of their constitution.
Once a working definition of “rehabilitation” is agreed upon, the task of the analysis becomes almost impossible, again, in trying to agree upon what “contemporary penal policy” really is. Over the course of this paper, these two issues will be addressed, though never completely resolved.