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In the simplest terms of reference, it is the story of a woman’s subjugation. “The Yellow Wallpaper” is set in a rigidly patriarchal world in which every aspect of a woman’s life - family, marriage, class, and legal, educational, and economic system, is strictly under the control of male authority (Davison, 53). It is a telling indictment of the confinement that a nineteenth-century woman writer was subjected to in a male-dominated society. The atmosphere of the house, in which the story unfolds, is one of rigid control and autocratic routine. In this setting, Gilman’s narrator emerges as a woman whose individuality and creative abilities are stifled by the patriarchal system, which ultimately drives her to insanity. The leitmotif of the narrative is the subjugation of the narrator by patriarchal authority. This subjugation takes several forms. The narrator’s marriage itself is a form of imprisonment. She is also subjugated by societal expectations, which demand her conformity to the sexist stereotypes of the age. The medical establishment arbitrarily enforces its will on her. Finally, her efforts at rebellion are crushed under the weight of male authority.
The narrator’s marriage is the foremost form of subjugation. Gilman delineates the marriage as a form of imprisonment, in which the husband, John, is the benevolent gaoler: “He is very careful and loving, and hardly lets me stir without special direction” (Gilman, ebscohost.com). The marriage has unequivocally made the narrator a prisoner within the domestic sphere. This is a criticism of the convention of the period, under which the married woman “was frequently commodified and became a femme couverte under established law—a woman whose autonomy and identity were denied as she was regarded as her husband’s property” (Davison, 55). John dictates his wife’s every move. “I have a schedule prescription for each hour in the day” (Gilman, ebscohost.com). She feels that she is kept under constant surveillance. Jennie functions as a stand-in for John during his absences. The narrator becomes a prisoner whose every action is subject to scrutiny and analysis all the time. She is under the surveillance of patriarchal society, which is represented by John and his sister. The house itself is symbolic of a prison, with its isolated location, and the garden with “hedges and walls and gates that lock” (Gilman ebscohost.com). Again, the description of the room in which the narrator lives evokes an image of a prison, or a mental asylum: “the windows are barred for little children, and there are rings and things in the walls” (Gilman ebscohost.com). This impression is further strengthened by the image of the bed which is nailed down to the floor, and the restraining gate at the head of the stairs. As her sanity progressively declines, the narrator imagines the yellow wallpaper also to be a part of the surveillance machinery. She declares that “two bulbous eyes stare at you” and “those absurd, unblinking eyes are everywhere” (Gilman ebscohost.com). She transfers her feeling of imprisonment to the yellow wallpaper, and begins to visualize the bars of a prison in the pattern. She imagines a woman imprisoned behind these bars, struggling to get out: “And she is all the time trying to climb through. But nobody could climb through that pattern -- it strangles so” (Gilman ebscohost.com). The narrator begins to identify herself with this imagined woman imprisoned in the
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Yellow Woman The mystery of love and the feelings related to it have always compelled humans to give it a thought if such things really exist? Is there something known as true love? Or it’s just a trick to procreate? Love has always been one of the favourite subjects of fiction writers like Leslie Marmon Silko, James Joyce and John Updike.
Both Charlotte Perkins Gilman’ story “the Yellow Wallpaper” and Henrik Ibsen’s play “A Doll’s House” deal with the Psychological Challenges of women in a male dominated society. These authors have shown how patriarchy suffocates the healthy psychological growth of women and cripples their capability of interacting with the society freely.
The story majors on a certain woman’s mental deterioration. Psychologists have argued that the birth of a child can trigger a mixture of influential emotions. It could also result to depression. Some mothers have been known to experience a severe and long lasting type of depression known as postpartum depression (Booth and Mays 216).
Student’s Name: Institution of Learning: Instructor’s Name: Course Name: The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Gilman The short story, The Yellow Wallpaper, written by Charlotte Gilman, can be included in the feminist literature genre owing to many characteristics of this story.
The author also shows that women struggled against a society that was highly dominated by men (Barrish 125). There are two key symbols that are predominantly shown in the text which represent the element of sexual symbolism. The first and most noticeable symbol is the wallpaper itself, which the author has used to show the wall of oppression that women faced if diagnosed with mental problems.
The ensuing years reported a number of outbreaks in the Americas and Europe. 2 The disease remained an enigma though Cuban Carlos Finlay suggested the mosquito Culex cubensis which is now called Aedes aegypti to be responsible for the spread of the disease.
Entering through receptor-mediated endocytosis the virus synthesizes RNA in the cytoplasm and protein in the endoplasmic reticulum and virions released trough membrane of the cell. Interaction of virulence factor proteins with cellular receptors results in the dentritic cells endocytose the virions and subsequently disseminating them.
Each human being he met showed the same hatred for him. These circumstances made him kill William by choking him. He also framed Justine out of vengeance because his own creature disowned him. But by the end of the story, the creature feels lonely and segregated and begs Victor to create a female counterpart. He is alone in this world full of people who just judge him by his appearance (Shelley).
Gender perceptions and gender roles have often been a central theme of literature in nearly every era. Authors have been presenting their personal opinions about gender roles through the characters of their literary texts. The characters, often times, were a reflection of their own personalities or life experiences. Critics and analysts have been presenting their opinions about literary texts, enabling common readers to become familiar with the themes behind the texts.
To be precise, The Secretary of State of USA had alleged Soviet Union of giving mycotoxin to Laos and Vietnam as part of communist agenda and insurgency wave. The yellow rain was used in a variety of ways. Eyewitness accounts of refugees state that sometimes a
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