Instructor name Date Frankenstein and the Concept of Cloning From its early exploration in Shelley’s work, through the scientific heyday of the 1960s technology revolution into the modern and postmodern world, the concept of the 'created human' has continued to fascinate authors of science fiction as well as scientists and philosophers…
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Cloning is the creation of an embryo by the method of human somatic cell nuclear transfer (Ramsey 3). This procedure involves implanting DNA cells from one organism into a 'neutral' egg. A 'neutral' egg is one in which the DNA nucleus has been removed (Ramsey 4). After implantation, the newly constituted egg is then chemically treated so that the egg begins to behave as though fertilization has occurred. This results in the creation of embryonic growth of another organism that contains the complete and identical genetic code of the original organism. By learning more about the genetic code and how it works, scientists are hopeful that they can begin to breed out some of our more fallible weaknesses and breed in stronger codes. All of these conjectures can be said to have started with the introduction of Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, a sci-fi gothic horror novel that excited the imaginations of the post-Victorian age and continues to inspire today. Like the concept of cloning emerging now during a time of unprecedented change in computer technology and the many applications this has, the Industrial Revolution brought about world-changing possibilities during Shelley's time. “By the beginning of the Victorian period, the Industrial Revolution … had created profound economic and social changes, including a mass migration of workers to industrial towns, where they lived in new urban slums” (“The Victorian Age”). Advances in technology and machinery during Shelley's age touched off new scientific debate in the same way that our ability to discover things on a micron level has increased our ability to manipulate the world around us and the morals and ethics of whether we should do that. Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution emerged during Shelley's time as well, which threw into question many of the people's religious beliefs (Landow) in a similar way in which new technological advances in gene manipulation have made many question whether or not we are trying to play god with human cloning. During Shelley's time, the increasingly literate public was becoming more involved in these debates because newspapers and other periodicals were more widely available to them. This, too, has a parallel to today's times as the Internet, Facebook and other media sites are linking people from far away to bring about new changes in the way we think and who is able to participate in the conversation. New media proved essential then and now in introducing and maintaining widespread discussions in the political and social issues of the day. One difference then was that fiction novels were recognized as having a voice in these discussions. “The Victorian novel, with its emphasis on the realistic portrayal of social life, represented many Victorian issues in the stories of its characters” (“The Victorian Age”). What Mary Shelley questioned most strongly in her novel remains a major question asked today: what is the proper role of the scientist in the contemporary age? In Frankenstein, the young scientist and one of the main characters is Victor Frankenstein. Frankenstein pushes technology to its outer limits because he wants to overcome death. His idea is to re-animate dead tissue. Within the book, the science of the past is criticized because it has been
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. In literature the most significant personification of fantastic is the gothic novel that has always represented a very interesting style to analyze and has always meant much for literature as an old style that underwent much development. “At the time of the Gothic birth, the novel itself was a still fairy new phenomenon” (Cooper 25).
Mary Shelly wrote this book out of the various ideas she had about cult. Frankenstein proved that science could be interchanged to meet several requirements. Mary Shelly came up with the storyline because of her illusions with scientists. Analysis Frankenstein depicted several creatures through his laboratory experiments.
The scientific term, “Cloning” is the replication of an organism such that its genetic makeup is the same and as a result,it appears as a carbon copy of its original counterpart. Clones have the same physiology, external appearance and the same genetic coding within their cells.
The author states that the preaching of sublime attitude of nature and the conflict of scientific quest with nature is at the centre of the text. At the same time, the moral notion advocating that too much of knowledge and pursuit of man to rise beyond the natural flow can be too much dangerous.
It was the time in literary history that is known as the Romantic period and the three men were considered to be the best of the Romantic poets. Sharing her time with such esteemed company gave Mary's keen and fertile mind the stimulation to produce a book of such unusual and yet, poignant subject matter.
Cloning is a scientific research which has been central to many debates and arguments. Cloning is a process through which identical organisms are created. This is achieved through asexual reproduction in which only one parent is involved and no fusion of gametes occurs.
One of the forms of the personification of convention is a fantastic form. During the existence of mankind the fantastic has been acquiring different forms of personification in various directions of art. In literature the most
The novel was written between 1816-1817 by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley in both Switzerland and London. The book’s genre is about gothic science fiction and its major themes are science, nature, and the society (Bloom 61). The primary narrator in the
Mary Shelley has also used another female character, Margaret Seville, to show how men take control of their women in the family institution. Being submissive to men and respecting all their decisions without objection. Mary tries to show how any male-dominated society fails to consider women’s role and view on factors affecting the whole society.
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