Nobody downloaded yet

Interview methods for children as eyewitnesses - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The special circumstances under which children may be interviewed such that their testimony yields credible, admissible evidence requires special support in recent legal reforms. For this reason, advances in legislation in many countries have greatly improved the manner in which children are interviewed in court…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.5% of users find it useful
Interview methods for children as eyewitnesses
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Interview methods for children as eyewitnesses"

Download file to see previous pages The special circumstances under which children may be interviewed such that their testimony yields credible, admissible evidence requires special support in recent legal reforms. For this reason, advances in legislation in many countries have greatly improved the manner in which children are interviewed in court.1 This is because young children above the age of 5 are highly susceptible to suggestive influences that may affect the credibility of their testimony in court. Suggestibility of very young children Bruck, Ceci, Francoeur & Barr 2 studied the influence of postevent suggestion on children’s accounts of their visit to the doctor. After their DPT shots, children were given one of three types of feedback: (1) that the shot hurt (pain affirming); (2) that it did not hurt (pain denying); and (3) that the shot is over (neutral). One year after, the children were again visited, and were again given either pain denying or neutral feedback in three separate visits. They were also given either misleading or non-misleading information about the actions of the nurse and doctor. Children given pain denying feedback reported that they did not cry or hardly at all, and said the shot did not hurt, or at least hurt less than the children who received neutral feedback. Also, children who were given misleading information about the actions of the nurse and doctor made more false allegations about their actions than children not given misleading information. ...
The study showed that timing of the misinformation affected the memories of single and repeated events, depending on the combination of event-misinformation and misinformation-test delays rather than overall retention interval. In the study by Milne and Bull,4 and that of Holliday,5 the objective was to examine if the cognitive interview would enhance the recall of events when used with children, and whether the cognitive interview increased children’s resistance to suggestive questions. (The cognitive interview focuses on the cognitive processes respondents use to answer survey questions, and the interview is held in some private location such as a laboratory environment.6) In the experiment, eight to ten year old children were shown a video recording of a magic show. The following day they were interviewed individually, some using cognitive interview and some using structured interview. A pre-set list of leading or suggestive questions was given to the children either before or after the interview. The findings were that the children who were interviewed using the cognitive interview had a better and more accurate recall of significantly more details. They were also more resistant to suggestive questions subsequently asked. The study established that the cognitive interview was found to comprise a reliable interviewing technique that enhance recall and enables children to be more resistant to the influence of misleading and suggestive questions. There were implications in other studies. For instance, it was found that both true and false memories tended to increase with age, but did not differ for children who were maltreated as against those who were not.7 Also, suggestibility effects were ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Interview methods for children as eyewitnesses Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/english/1415643-interview-methods-for-children-as-eyewitnesses
(Interview Methods for Children As Eyewitnesses Essay)
https://studentshare.org/english/1415643-interview-methods-for-children-as-eyewitnesses.
“Interview Methods for Children As Eyewitnesses Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/english/1415643-interview-methods-for-children-as-eyewitnesses.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Children as Eyewitnesses
...this to hold their attention; Interviewee 5, who deals with restorative justice among adolescents, naturally holds her students’ attention because she talks with them about real life problems they encounter every day and are motivated to learn the answers to. The matter of getting and holding children’s attention is important in determining if they make good witnesses. The ability to devote sufficient attention to an event is important if they are to communicate the details of what they saw or sensed. This is an important criterion for being eyewitnesses. The interviews appear to indicate that younger children are more easily distracted, therefore their attention strays...
29 Pages(7250 words)Research Paper
Interview
...?U.S. Army Family Advocacy Program Interview I interviewed Ms. Winter Harris on the 17th of June, Ms. Harris works at the Army Family Advocacy Program on Fort Lewis Army Base in Washington. The purpose of the interview was to find out about their techniques and models, and how well these structures work for the agency. Ms. Winter Harris has a Master’s Degree in Social Work. In addition to this, she has a Ph.D. in Marriage and Family Therapy. When I first walked into the Army Family Advocacy building office on Fort Lewis Army Base, it felt like any other brick building; however, it was a totally different feeling that I experienced when walking into Ms. Harris’ office. The moment I walked...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Interview
...the vacations to the farm, the celebrations, birthday parties with all the brothers and sisters are enough to prove the bonding which they had with each other. The best part of their life has been the way their bonding has been carried out for years. They never miss out on any opportunity to meet on occasions. This bonding has been carried out over the years and has been passed on to their children as well. Interview with them also gave insights about their first home. Though they were not able to recollect all the information as to where their first house was, most of them said that their first home was somewhere near the valley. They played with their friends, brothers and sisters in the lawn which was...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Interview
... American Life Today and In 1981 There have been considerable changes in the way of life in the United s of America in the 19th and 20th century. Indeed, American citizens feel these changes ranging from politics, family life, economy and other aspects of life. My uncle called Mr Haskins who is a sociologist narrated to me how American life was in 1983. At the time, my uncle was 21 years old. Being born in America, he has widespread knowledge of America before 1981, during and after that time. This paper records answers to questions I addressed to Mr Haskins and the relevant contrast and comparison to American life today when am 20 years old. My uncle reckons that this was the year that Ronald Reagan became the President of U.S... American...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Corporal Punishment for Children vs. Other Methods
...Corporal Punishment for Children vs. Other Methods Should corporal punishment be allowed for children in schools and at home? If not, then what are the alternative methods of punishment? According to Dupper and Dingus (2008), and based on the National Coalition to Abolish Corporal Punishment in Schools, or the NCACPS, “corporal punishment” is “physical pain inflicted on the body of a child as a penalty for disapproved behavior.” However, in a practical sense, corporal punishment is synonymous to any violent way of punching, spanking, hitting, paddling and various other physical ways of carrying out a painful punishment on a child who the parents may regard as...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Interview
...grandchild. I invited Mike over and we walked to a community park fifteen minutes away from our neighborhood. As I conducted the interview and asked him personal questions and other information necessary for this interview, we watched as children played all over the park. Families frequent this park to relax especially during the weekends for its cool nature brought about by the many trees around the park. This interview was not distracted by anything; Mike seemed calm regardless of the activities within the park. Interview Questions 1. What do you like best about being your age? Being 81 years old is not an easy thing as it seems. There are some good...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Interview
...The Vietnam War The interviewee is Mr. Harrison, a seventy year old man, who has a cup cake business in Washington wherehe works from dawn to dusk. Harrison depends on the cup cake business for all his income. The Vietnam War took place between 1964 and 1963 when Harrison was employed in a garment factory that was located in Washington (Chant 23). Harrison’s sons were in high school in the same city. I have known Harrison through my grandfather because the two visit each other regularly. Harrison and my grandfather talk numerous stories about the past. I chose him in this interview because his children were forced to take part in the warfront during the war. I also chose Harrison because his...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment
Interview
...use and alcohol-related fatalities remain an important concern in the United States. The following is an excerpt from an interview I undertook with Dr. Daniel Smith1, a clinical psychologist from the Alcohol and Family Violence section of St. Mary’s Clinic. His specialization is on the linkages between alcohol and family violence and the following is a concise transcript of our discussion (Agarwal and Steitz 40-55). Q: Good afternoon Dr. Smith. Thank you for taking the time to visit with me an discuss what you do with respect to family violence and alcohol abuse. A: My pleasure, please call me Daniel. Q: Ok, Daniel. May I ask, we all know that alcohol can be bad for us what are some of the effects of alcohol...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Interview
...completion of a degree, the institution thoroughly prepare students for job searches, interviews, resume writing and interview skills early during the final semester’s seminar. Students are alerted equally about known employment availabilities and opportunities, but it does not endorse any job opportunity to students. Text Essay: General psychology is the perfect program for a student of the interests you posses. Studying psychology not only offers a tremendous opportunity for personal growth but also opens up a huge range of career opportunities. Studying psychology opens up doors to a variety of careers. A student can tailor her...
3 Pages(750 words)Admission/Application Essay
Methods for Modifying Behavior in Children
...Methods for Modifying Behavior in Children In order to increase or decrease the frequency through which certain behaviors are exhibited by individuals, for example; children, behavior modification is often used. Different techniques are used in order to bring out certain attitudes and behaviors that might be considered appropriate by making the said individuals react to certain stimuli. This can either be done through positive/negative reinforcement or extinction/satiation if the behavior is deemed destructive and/or disparaging. Psychologists have been on the frontline in trying to find the most effective techniques that might aid children in the development of proper...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Interview methods for children as eyewitnesses for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us