quora
Nobody downloaded yet

Listening Strategies - Literature review Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Instructor Date Literature Review Listening Strategies 2.0 Introduction The literature relating to listening strategy is not as wide as that relating to strategies associated with other language skills such as reading, writing and speaking. However, in similarity with the learning of the first language, listening is also critical…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93% of users find it useful
Listening Strategies
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Listening Strategies"

Download file to see previous pages Language learners were normally expected to develop their listening skills without any assistance, while the other three skills of reading, writing and speaking are given the necessary attention (Mendelsohn 1984; Oxford 1993). Second language learners were expected to listen to the target language all day and then expected to improvements in their ability to comprehend. This approach was described as the osmosis approach (Mendelson 1984) The arguments in relation to the importance of listening were initially voiced in the middle of the 1960’s. Rivers (1966) indicated that speaking can only be described as communication when it is understood by someone else and so teaching learners how to comprehend spoken words is paramount in importance if the aim of communicating is to be achieved. Thus, Hedge (2000) indicates that the literature relating to ELT has emphasised the point that listening skill has been taken for granted over the years. In fact, a number of second language teachers have refused to pay attention to the significance of listening in facilitating the acquisition of a second language (Luchini and Arguello 2009). However, Nunan (1999) points out that listening has been treated as relatively important as it is the means by which the skill of speaking is attained. The incorporation of listening into a more modern set of guidelines, including functional language and approaches to communication was the main focus of the 1980’s (Morley 2001). This attention increased significantly in the 1990’s and this has continued into the decade of the 2000’s. Even though listening is now regarded as a critical aspect of language learning, it continues to be the least understood of all the processes (Osada 2004). Thus, Luchini and Arguello (2009) states that allowing students to answer questions after listening to tape-recorded material is not a means of teaching them to listen. In this regard, Hedge (2000) points out that the aim of answering questions after listening to recorded material is only for administering tests and not teaching second language learners to listen. This practice was found to have a negative impact on the ability of second language learners to communicate well in the target language. In relation to the neglect of listening comprehension in both research and practice, Osada (2004) indicates that even up to recently there has been insufficient research in this area. In fact, Nunan (1997) referred to listening as a Cinderella skill because it has been ignored in preference for other skills such as speaking. Listening is important in order to facilitate language learning as it facilitates a better understanding of the inputs. Osada (2004) also emphasised the complexity of the listening comprehension process. Anything that is said has to be understood at the same time as it is heard and so knowledge and skills necessary for doing so has to he used at the same time. In order to process the speech the comprehension of the text has to take place at the same as the listening. Additionally, it has to be retained in order to have a better understanding of the speech that follows. Furthermore, it requires continuous adjustment based on previous knowledge and incoming information. This poses a problem for listeners as the space available to process the information is limited. Osada ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Listening Strategies Literature review Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/english/1400466-chapter
(Listening Strategies Literature Review Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/english/1400466-chapter.
“Listening Strategies Literature Review Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/english/1400466-chapter.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Listening
Most of the work in residential renovation industry involves construction. Therefore, having knowledge or a background in construction is an advantage in being a salesman in this industry. This is because having all the facts at your finger tips will boost the chances of a meeting with a client being successful.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Marketing strategies and tools that affect hotel sales
The main key to success for any firm is the application of appropriate business strategy. To ensure high customer base along with substantial growth in business, a firm needs to devise several strategies regarding the production process, marketing, distribution etc. and efficiently implement them.
8 Pages(2000 words)Literature review
Strategies in the pharmaceutical industry
his phenomenon is explained as follows: since the initial idea for a drug appears ‘the compound of the particular drug needs to be identified’ (Nishimura et al. 2009, p.5); these actions are part of the Discovery phase of the drug development process (Figure 1). At a next
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review
Why do Brand Extension Strategies Fail
BRAND EXTENSION STRATEGY: Different strategies and techniques are being used by the organisations in order to manage the brands and increase the brand value and worth (Mzungu, Merrilees, and Miller, 2010). One of the important strategies in this regard is of the brand extension.
8 Pages(2000 words)Literature review
Listening
The rest have been resolved amicably. People have been describing him as an effective listener, one who knows how to get the empathy of both parties in a case. As his only daughter, I can attest to his “active listening behaviors.” When
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment
What classroom strategies can be implemented to help a child with ADHD
It is because these children forget so easily, a teacher may assign homework, but before the child gets even home he forgets on the way he had homework. These children rush so much, and the child is never keen on following the guideline given by the
4 Pages(1000 words)Literature review
Investigate whether some vocabulary learning strategies are superior to others
Task factors are the basic methods used to acquire, practice or assess second language acquisition. Personal factors involve self-concept,
24 Pages(6000 words)Literature review
Localised Disneyfication: The experiential marketing strategies of Disneyland Paris
According to the views of LaSalle and Britton (2003) traditional mode of marketing channels does not provide an opportunity to capitalize on the new aspect described as experiential economy (LaSalle and Britton, 2003).
8 Pages(2000 words)Literature review
A study of communication strategies employed by Chinese EFL learners in oral contexts
..…...2 1.2 Research Questions…………………………………………………………....5 2. Literature review…………………………………………………………………..6 2.1 Canale and Swain’s Framework of Communicative Competence………….…6 2.2 Classifications of Communication Strategies and Elicitation Methods of Communication Strategies…………………………………………………….….7 2.3 CSs use and Learners’ Target Language Proficiency………………………..11 2.3.1 Significance of Training CSs in the Class…………..………………….13 2.3.2 Factors affecting learners' choice of CSs…………………………?
16 Pages(4000 words)Literature review
Key Literature on Strategies to Reduce Carbon Emissions
What does the literature indicate on the effectiveness of scrappage and other strategies in reducing the carbon emissions from vehicles? Do the strategies have other effects such as boosting demand? These questions are relevant towards a better review of the experience of Irish states on the second scrappage scheme that was implemented from 1 January 2010 to 31 June 2011.
4 Pages(1000 words)Literature review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Literature review on topic Listening Strategies for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us