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Curriculum Policy in the World - Literature review Example

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The paper states that early childhood education is one of the most critical stages both in one’s learning and in overall development as a human being. However, the designers of most curriculums in the world have failed in the need to come up with learning modalities which are favorable to young minds. …
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Download file to see previous pages Many factors determine the educational direction of a country. Across the world, the political divide between the democratic west and the more socialist east and the loyalty they enjoy among the less powerful countries greatly determined the shape of education. For example, in countries which were colonized by Britain, the education system is designed to copy the British system, with minor variations to incorporate the private needs of the country. However, one of the noted weaknesses of the British education system, which forms the model for many countries that were colonized by Britain is the over-emphasis of academic aspects at the expense of other needs of the child. This exhibits itself particularly at the early childhood stage of education, which is seen to mainly consider factors such as financial and political matters and not the unique needs of the child. In fact, there are great efforts made to ensure that the education offered is as cost effective as possible, which may compromise the quality and uniqueness of the child (Whitebread & Bingham, 2011). The financial aspect is seen as the most important consideration for many governments when planning for education. Countries with more resources and greater financial power have more developed and distributed education systems than those which have less money. Even in the same country, sections which have a more wealthy individual such as those which have industrial development have better education facilities that those which have higher levels of poverty such as the arid areas or the slums (Bernheimer, 2003). In situations where financial constraints hamper the effective delivery of learning to students, early childhood education is affected more than the other stages of education because it is the most delicate and detailed type of education. For example, Whitebread & Bingham (2011) note that in England, the needs of the early childhood learners vary greatly and that there are many indicators for the differences in the experiences of early childhood education in the country. More importantly, they point out that the learning outcomes at the end of a learning cycle are shaped at this early stage, yet there are many factors hindering the provision of a healthy learning environment for every child. While there may be fairly uniform standards which a country puts in place for its children’s education, there are other factors which every child experiences and which might hamper this effective realization of the dreams of education. Whitebread & Bingham (2011) note that poverty is one of the main hindrances to effective education realization, noting that more than 3.9 million citizens of the U.K. live in informal settlements and cannot meet the basic requirements for their children. Such neighborhoods offered limited resources which can enable children to learn effectively, and this affects their education for a lifetime. Facilities such as playgrounds, parks, and health facilities are not available to such children. Preventive healthcare, which is important in preventing certain communicable diseases lack in such environments, exposing the children to disease as they grow up and thus making their learning difficult (Whitebread & Bingham, 2011). Also, poverty makes parents stressed, making it difficult for them to provide much needed emotional support for their children. Furthermore, there is extensive research showing that children who grow up in poor neighborhoods have poor knowledge acquisition skills, including poor language mastery, compared to their counterparts from more affluent neighborhoods. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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