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The two way immersion teachers integrate the majority and minority languages at the same school and deliver the content by equally using two different languages. The main goal of dual language education is to improve students’ bilingual skills, academic learning, and tendency to learn different cultural aspects from each other (Lindholm-Leary, 2012).
In my research, I will discuss the challenges and issues that may negatively impact the outcomes of language learning in two way immersion and bilingual programs. These challenges may need to be considered in order to encourage parents to enroll their children in such programs. The first challenge is the perception that increased exposure to English develops higher level of proficiency in the children (Genesee and Lindholm-Leary, 2008). The study demonstrated that there is no correlation between the amount of time spent by English language learners in English language instructions, and higher level of proficiency. One study drew comparison between English language learners getting little English instructions in schools and students enrolled in a dual language program that learn the contents by equally using English language and their native language. The study showed that students who received little English have similar or more advanced proficiency compared to the proficiency of students that studied in dual language program (Lindholm-Leary, 2012). However, I think many other components such as untrained teachers and poor curriculum may influence the effectiveness of dual language programs. In my own experience of acquiring English language, I have observed that the Saudi schools do not mandate the teachers to use English language to teach English subjects, even though English subjects need to be taught in English. However, as a former Saudi student willing to learn English language, I tried to create my own English language environment; my TV
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Section 1. BACKGROUND OF IMMIGRATION SYTEM IN THE U.S. 1.1 BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Many people around the world choose first world countries as destination to travel to and to live in permanently with their respective families. As a result, these countries’ population comprises a significant number of immigrants which makes immigration policy a top priority for them.
24). Success in merging the two country’s business practices depends upon how well the managers of each country are able to overcome the cultural differences (Brooke, 1986, p. 225). Elashmawi (2001) refers to this as “cultural competency,” and this is crucial if the Volvo company wants to gain a competitive edge (Elashmawi, 2001, p.
At that age, I could not imagine that some people lacked what I had. Most of the campaigns to assist the homeless usually appeared during holiday seasons as the society was reminded not to forget the homeless. There were organizations that went around collecting donations to assist the homeless.
I stood alone, hands behind my back, and tried not to attract any attention.
Being an international student, of Muslim religion, and white, there seemed no better cultural immersion experience than to attend a black community church of a religious orientation very different than my own.
The program also tries to provide instructions in chosen area of interest and language development in two languages.
“Two-way programs typically share the goals of bilingual proficiency, academic achievement,
The following research is conducted at Shaw Butte Elementary in three randomly chosen classes from kindergarten, first, second, and third grade. The school is located in a heavily populated area of new citizens and undocumented immigrants who are learning the English language. The school is a kindergarten through sixth-grade school.
I study quite hard, prepare notes, take tests, and answer questions during lectures. However, I am not good at practical projects, and lose grades due to this part. For me, it becomes hard to communicate