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at in preschool days between birth and age 5, most of the child development happens through family inputs and all children feel pride in their family members and that pride will decide about how the child thinks about herself. The development of child happens in an orderly manner, for example, crawling happens before walking. Though learning period differs child to child but usually it follows a definite order or pattern.
Physical development follows a certain and set pattern. Large muscles in legs and arms grow first and then small muscles in the hands and fingers grow. The act of walking precedes the act of drawing. Development process is initiated from the head to the toes. How to keep head straight is learned by the child first before learning other processes such as crawling on stomach or on knees (Cherry, 2012).
Large muscles in the arms and legs that promote the activity of walking, running, lifting, riding fall in this category. Proper nutrition and environment play a crucial part in the development of these activities (Goodheart-Willcox 2012, p.71).
Small muscles of the fingers or hands that are used to hold, grasp or related activities fall in this category. Good physical growth leads to the healthy development of other faculties namely cognitive and emotional (Goodheart-Willcox 2012, p.71).
Physical activities such as running, jumping, cycling on extended basis will help strengthen muscles. Strong and powerful body muscles not only increases the work stamina but safeguard the children from illness. This also helps forming a healthy social and emotional relationship with colleagues and a positive view point about life.
Physical growth is accompanied by cognitive growth. Cognitive abilities such as reasoning, thinking, logic, memory, recognizing continue to grow side by side. Jean Piaget made a pioneering research on the child psychology and their learning abilities. According to him, children are as intelligent as adults. He listed some of the basic
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Children go through a number of cognitive stages in intellectual development (Piaget, as cited in Coon, 2009, p.112), and they learn to develop emotional attachment right from their infancy with the help of “a number of attributes that help them to maintain contact with others and do elicit caregiving” (Shaffer, 2009, p.142).
First, infants and children spend most of their time with the family members. As such, they will be highly affected by the behavior of these family members. Children and infants are known to copy what they see their family members do. In so doing, they will have an array of behaviors that are transferred from the older family members to them.
The physical growth goes along side but mental development has considerable significance and virtue. The environment prevalent around becomes an essential part of his childhood memories. Psychologists and researchers believe that learning stage of humans start from day one.
During these stages, a number of “neurological growth and development” transpire, affecting children physically, emotionally, mentally, and psychologically, depending on how they are nurtured (Hagele, 2005). There are different factors that affect children during infancy and early childhood which may facilitate or hamper the furtherance of their development.
Her mum walks in , I could sense her fighting, trying to muster colossal strength that I could sense crumbling. "I just received her medical report the physician has diagnosed her as.. autistic" she says , voice choked with emotion.
In the European Community, there are noticeable differences in the way provisions are offered and implemented. Moss discussed in the book Contemporary Issues in the Early Years that parental leaves are offered especially in countries in mainland Europe. Publicly funded services usually apply to nurseries or group care for children below 2 years old but majority of services for children in this age bracket are still funded privately by relatives and childminders.
A child's social skills are a very important part of their personality and the developmental process is different in different children. Parents play an important part in the development of the personality of their children as well. The kind of environment children get at their homes is of great importance as it influences the way children develop their social and mental skills.
Many times infants begin their cognitive abilities by observation and mimicking and although we cannot understand their baby gibberish, it is a known fact by many cognitive theorists that they are fully aware of their external environment.
velop in a healthy manner and skipping one of these stages can cause them significant harm, which may hinder their normal physical, social, cognitive, and emotional growth. Consequently, I intend to highlight some of the important aspects that banning recess would intefere