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The purpose of the study is to find out “Why the level of adult online dropout is increasing and how to motivate and retain the adult online sophomore students?” Various issues that may lead to an online dropout may vary from issue of isolation, disconnectedness to technological problems. According to an online survey conducted to understand the various reasons of online dropouts of sophomore students, reasons are varied and unique to each individual dropout.
Although there are very less literature work as well as national statistics on online adult sophomore dropouts, a recent report published in “Chronicle of Higher Education” indicates that “Institutions report dropout rates ranging from 20 to 50 percent for online learners and administrators of online courses agree that dropout rates are often 10 to 20 percentage points higher in online offerings than in their face-to-face counterparts” (Frankola, n.d.). The Institute for Higher Education Policy (IHEP), in a research report conducted in the 1999, on the effectiveness of online learning, found that there are higher rate of sophomore dropouts in online learning than the traditional institutions.
There are two theories which may provide an outline on dropout of online adult sophomore students. Tinto’s Student Integration Model and Bean’s Model of Student Departure are the two theories. The “Tinto’s Student Integration Model theory theorizes how well the individual’s motivation and academic ability match the institution’s academic and social characteristics. This match shapes a person’s commitment to completing college and commitment to the institution. The second theory, Bean’s Model of Student Departure, predicts persistence based on behavioral intention” (Willging & Johnson, 2004, p. 104).
According to the US Census Bureau (2000), “one in every three Americans is a sophomore dropout”. It is becoming a
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Motivation is that drive that is responsible for initiating, guiding and maintaining a goal oriented behavior in an individual. It can also be termed as the internal condition or state that activates behavior as well as giving it direction. Motivation is what compels an individual to wake up every morning and go to work or do what they do daily.
According to the report distance learning is referred to as learning that takes place between the instructor and the student and both these groups of individuals are distant to each other in the context of physical distance. Online education is a medium of providing instructions to students by teachers with the assistance of different forms of technologies.
They are in the transient stage between childhood and adulthood. This means that they still have the children's imagination and are at the same time seeking freedom from the shackles of the adults in their life.
It has been noted that the content, character and language that is used by young adult authors makes it easier for the youth to identify with these writings.
METHOD: Several scholarly articles have been reviewed (list incorporated in the references). These articles have been of assistance for the evaluation of the impact cause by this epidemic. Article and journals referred are specifically related to gender, socioeconomic status, geographical location, use of prescribed and illegal substances, prevalence, and racial and ethnic differences when paired co- morbidly with a learning disability.RESULTS: As surveyed by the listed sources, less than five percent of the females and ten percent of the male population in U.S.
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But whereas Thailand is considered, online shopping is not accepted by the public due to various factors like low penetration of computers with only 5.25 per 100 people and low access to internet. Moreover Thai citizens are more worried about disclosing their financial information online, the inability to touch and feel the products, trustworthiness of the merchandise and slow transaction process.
This scenario is also evident in petrochemical industries where International firms manufacture and trade several feedstock, intermediates, and other product chemicals which are derived from petrochemicals.
Oil and gas are still considered as one of the most important primary sources of energy all throughout 2020.
s relating to managing diverse labourforce.With a significantly rapid growing economy, scarcity of qualified staff as well as increased business opportunities, the issue of motivating employees has without a doubt become significantly essential to any organization management, as
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Proposal
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