StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Internalization of Rules - Assignment Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The paper “Internalization of Rules” analyzes a construct underlying certain regularities of behavior, namely, that we understand sentences and utter them in accordance with the grammar. The fact that the child has internalized rules of grammar enables him to emit a large variety of different sentences…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.3% of users find it useful
Internalization of Rules
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Internalization of Rules"

Download file to see previous pages The child's internalized "rules" (the sneer quotes are the behaviorists, who do not deign to use such language) are similar to the "rules" involved in motor sequences like brushing one's teeth and tying shoelaces, or in any other well-learned motor activity. Against this, Chomsky and his followers have argued that the child cannot be seriously maintained to have learned a different set of stimulus-response links for each utterance he makes (Chomsky, 1965). Life is too short for learning all the word strings we use.

According to the semantic approach, the child learns how different meanings are expressed by different sentence structures ( Quine, 1972). One might have expected such an approach to be formulated very soon as a reaction against behaviorist explanations, with their complete neglect of meaning. But such was the stranglehold of behaviorism on theory construction that the semantic approach was not formulated for a long time. The behaviorist edifice succumbed only to the truculent attacks of Noam Chomsky. Chomsky's linguistic theory, transformational grammar, gave rise to an alternative approach to language (Chomsky, 1986).

Chomsky as a b
Chomsky as a behaviorist conceptualizes discrimination learning in language Discrimination learning ensues when adult use of a word conflicts with that of the child. The process will be somewhat as follows (Baker, and McCarthy, 1981): (1) the child encounters something that reminds him of a paired referent, whether because it resembles it or because it was previously experienced in contiguity with it; (2) the adult uses for this new instance a word which differs from that learned for the paired referent; and subsequently (3) the child notices certain salient attributes in which the new instance differs from the paired referent. For instance, (1) the child sees a horse that reminds him of the referent of the previously learned word "doggie"; (2) the adult calls it "horse"; and (3) the child notices that the horse, unlike doggie, has a mane. The latter property may henceforward operate as a discriminating cue: It will be a NEGATIVE CUE for the word "doggie", and a POSITIVE CUE for the word "horse".

To forestall a possible misunderstanding, I want to point out that this earlier discussion is intended to explain how the child delimits the use of words, and not how he acquires distinctions between things. That is, the previously discussed process is not claimed to lead to his distinguishing between, for example, dogs and horses. On the contrary, the ability to make such a distinction--on the basis of differentiating properties, such as the horse's mane--is presupposed here (for, otherwise, how could he ever find out when to use "doggie" and when to use "horse"). The child may become aware of the difference between a horse and a dog--or between two different dogs, for that matter--without adult prompting. The issue here, however, is the child's use of words: To learn the correct use of a word it is not sufficient just to perceive differences between referents, but the child must also observe how these differences correlate with the applicability and ( Wexler & Culicover, 1980). The child is innately not acquiring the correct grammar. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(Internalization of Rules Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words, n.d.)
Internalization of Rules Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1513292-child-language
(Internalization of Rules Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Internalization of Rules Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words. https://studentshare.org/education/1513292-child-language.
“Internalization of Rules Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”. https://studentshare.org/education/1513292-child-language.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Internalization of Rules

Discovery rules

...? Discovery Rules Outline Introduction Discussion A forensic plan and e-evidence acquisition strategy that can be approved by EUlegal representative Detailed evidence collection, preservation, and transport procedures to ensure that the EU legal representatives will approve the forensics plan Conclusion References Discovery Rules Introduction With the quick changing cyber techniques, more forensic examiners find themselves aiding with challenges, feedbacks as well as litigation support for their employers. Likewise, guidelines and regulation enforcement is encountered with a rapidly growing amount of cybercrime problems which include hacking and malware. Therefore, efficient systems specifically aimed for the forensic examiners need...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Internalization of Business

... them away from the main stream of the international market. According to Despont (n.d), innovation and continued R&D is very important for an enterprise to survive the intense market competition because the modern customers always ask for the best products. However, it seems that the process of urbanisation though networks and partnerships offer ranges of opportunities to organisations. It is observed that Elecdyne is currently near to sources of information and hence it can certainly become stronger by preparing itself to face international competition. Nowadays social networking sites such as facebook and Twitter have attained worldwide popularity and these social channels will enable the Elecdyne to understand customer tastes...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Property Rules, Liability Rules and Inalienability

... or full application as a requirement of the group based rules or the law. Works Cited  Bergkamp, Lucas. Liability and Environment. Norwell, MA: Kluwer law International, 2001. Print. Bessen, J. and Michael, J. M. Patent Failure: How Judges, Bureaucrats, and Lawyers Put Innovators at Risk. New Jersey: Princeton university press, 2008. Print. Bevans, Neal R. Real Estate and Property Law for Paralegals. New York: Aspen publishers, 2009. Print.  Bouckaert, B., ed. Property Law and Economics. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar publishing, 2010. Print. Calabresi, G. and Douglas A. Melamed. “Property Rules, Liability Rules, and Inalienability: One View of the Cathedral.” Harvard Law Review 85. 6 (1972): 1089-1128. Web. 7 May, 2013 “Chapter 2105: Descent...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

Islamic Rules

...? Islamic Rules al Affiliation: Introduction Sharia is a term used to refer to the rules and regulations that govern the Islam religion. It is the moral religious law and the moral code of Islam. This law deals with many issues including economics, crime and politics. It also deals with other personal matters such as hygiene, prayer and sexual intercourse. This sharia law varies from one culture to another in accordance to its strictness. Though it varies in regards to culture, it is considered the law of God which is opposed to the interpretation of law according to human nature. There are two major sources of this law in the religion of Islam. The first source is the Quran where there are laws that are indicated therein, that govern...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Money rules

...?Money Rules INTRODUCTION Documentary films are acknowledged to be an invaluable art form but at times are also widely neglected as well. Documentaryfilms are not journalistic but they contain effects including music and manipulate reality with few pretensions. Documentary films have provided new avenues for communicating with large audiences and have also played a significant role in informing audiences about certain social and environmental issues and bringing socially and environmentally acceptable changes. Over the last decades, documentary films have accorded significant importance especially amid the audiences in the United States (John Michael Williams, “The Importance of Documentary Films’). THESIS STATEMENT Documentary films have...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Rotterdam Rules

...Effects of the Implementation of the Rotterdam Rules On September 23, 2009 the maritime industry put into practice a new set of rules and regulation termed as Rotterdam Rules, when 15 countries ratified the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea. These rules are set to replace the Hague rules of 1924 and the Hague-Visby and Hamburg Rules of 1978. In addition these rules will also replace country specific rules like the US Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1936 and similar other legislations (Darling, 2009). After coming into effect these changes are bound to reflect on different stakeholders in the maritime business. With an increase in business activities, all around the globe...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay

ROTERDAM RULES

...Evaluating Rotterdam Rules with respect to the changes it will make in comparison to the old Hague-visby and Hamburg rules. Executive summary In keeping with the intricacies and complexities of modern sea trade in the 21st century, the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea also known as the Rotterdam Rules has been adopted by the UN since December 2008. After its enforcement, the archaic Hague , Hague Visby and even the Hamburg laws have been supplanted by this Rotterdam Rules whose main objective is to lent uniformity and standardization in the burgeoning global sea trade business which accounts for the bulk of all kinds of business done...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Simple rules

... Simple rules for Making Alliances Studies show that the number of corporate alliances account for nearly 3 of many companies revenue and value. The failure of alliances however continues to be on the rise calling for experts’ advice. The conventional advice from the expert is as therefore needed. To begin achieving reliably higher success rates with their alliances, the companies need to shift their focus to five principles that complement the conventional advice from the experts. The principles include; - placing more emphasis on;- defining the right business arrangement, creating ends metrics, eliminating differences, establishing formal alliance management systems and structures and managing external relationships with partners...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Brain Rules

...Brain Rules The following include a list of Brain Rules that have been covered in the Video “Brain Rules” Survival: The human brain did evolve Exercise: The brain power is boosted by exercise Sleep: when you sleep well, you think well Stress: Stressed brains is known for not learning the same way Wiring: Every brain is wired differently Attention: attention is not paid on boring things Memory: Repeat to remember Sensory integration: More of the senses are stimulated Vision: Vision is known to trump all other senses Gender: Females and male brains are seen to be different Exploration: We are natural and powerful explorers The #1 exercise focuses on the fact that exercise boosts the brain power. It has been noted that the brain evolved...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Brain rules

...Brain rules November 11, Brain rules Summary Rule number one s that exercise boosts brainpower. Empirical data supports this and shows that exercise promote executive function, spatial tasks, reflexes, and quantitative potentials. This is because exercise increases oxygen supply to the brain towards mental sharpness and increased number of neurons. Rule two states that the brain evolved too. This is because of its ability to have survived the environment and to have ruled the world. Scientists also argue that walking upright made the brain bigger and its operations more efficient, a change that defines evolution. Every brain is wired differently, according to rule three. Different fine routs that develop from people’s experiences exist...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Accounting Standards: Rules versus Principles

...Accounting Standards: Rules VS Principles Introduction In recent times accounting and financial scandals have brought to fore the issue of accountingstandards. Currently rule-based accounting standards are longer and more complex filled with specific details in an attempt to address as many potential contingencies as possible. Also the role of professional judgment became unimportant and rules took over the professionalism. So, the debate started whether the current financial reporting system in the U.S. is undesirable or inappropriate because it is rule based. In order to address the issues with rule based standards the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 made recommendations to examine the feasibility of a principles-based accounting system...
9 Pages(2250 words)Term Paper

Ethical Dilemma, Professional Organizations Issue Rules and Regulations

The Samaritan in the Holy Bible was also just another passer-by like the trekkers in SADHU but he behaved unlike these trekkers and also did not ignore his duties as a human being. The priest and the temple assistant are supposed to be in service of the Lord but they did not understand that to serve another human being is the biggest service to the lord. The Samaritan, despite his schedules, spent time and effort in providing comfort to a dying man. He fulfilled his duty by bringing him back to the inn on his own donkey, and while departing ensured that the Jew was fully taken care of. The actors in SADHU did show some concern but only to the extent, their schedules were not hampered.

Being ethical is to be dutiful and...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

How Effectively the Rules of Passing of Property and Transfer of Risk in the Sale Of Goods Act 1979

...Critically consider how effectively the rules relating to the passing of property and transfer of risk, contained in the Sale of Goods Act, 1979, ensure certainty and fairness in trade contracts, where the parties have been silent as to their intentions A contract for the sale of goods is defined by Section 2(1) of the Sale of Goods Act 1979 as ‘…a contract by which the seller transfers or agrees to transfer the property in goods to the buyer for a money consideration, called the price.’1 The passing of any risk associated with preservation of the property sold or in the process of being sold is governed by Section 20(1) of the Sale of Goods Act 1979 which provides as follows:- ‘Unless otherwise agreed, the goods remain at the sellers...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

How Far Are The Member States of the European Union Free to Protect Their Citizens by Use of Conflict of Laws Rules

... the legislation and the practice followed by the member states and those followed by the Community can create severe conflicts between these two parties while the superiority of the interest of the Union should not be considered as always applicable. Particularly regarding the trade activity, European Union has established specific rules which should be followed (in the terms described above) by the member states. In accordance with a relevant report of the European Commission (2007) the trade policy followed by the European Union aims “at opening world trade through the progressive abolition of restrictions on international trade and the lowering of customs barriers, as well as the promotion of multilateral trade rules covering all...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Rights of an Agent under Rules of Commercial Law and Common Law

...Understanding The Rights of an Agent under Rules of Commercial Law and Common Law I. Introduction Disputes between the agent and the principal in commercial transactions have been the subject of many lawsuits in the United Kingdom. As the agency contract between the parties expire and some issues crop up regarding the subject of the agency, the commission and compensation due and other matters that may involve the relationship between the agent and the principal. Although some of these issues may be settled by the parties among themselves, many of these disputes reach the court. When disputants elevate their case to the court for resolution, the provisions of the law including common law set by decisions of the court in landmark cases now...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

When China Rules the World

... when it becomes the world’s most dominant power, it will do so on its own terms and by making its own rules. China is growing at a stupendous rate without following the Western model which lays emphasis on genuine and fair elections, a judiciary that is independent and a currency that is freely convertible. According to Jacques, China may even create a new international model, which the Americans are not able to foresee just as the British, a century ago, did not foresee their decline. The book has two parts, The End of the Western World and the Age of China. The End of the Western World is short and describes the history of US hegemony and the success of the West. Jacques gives the example of Japan as a country which has modernized...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Cultural Analysis: Rules of Engagements

... of Cultural Analysis: “Rules of Engagements (TV series)” Cultural Analysis The cultural analysis examines the role of one’s culture, assumptions, and point of views about different cultural aspects and probing into one’s thinking process and knowledge, as well as the reasons of such a thought and knowledge. There are four main elements of cultural analysis including production analysis, audience analysis, textual analysis, and historical analysis (of which the first three elements tend to change over time). Cultural analysis is based on using objective and subjective research methods in order to gather data on cultural processes so as to gain new knowledge and better understanding through analysis of that data. This is useful...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

The Rules Governing the Insanity Defense

...Critically evaluate the rules governing the insanity defense in order to determine when a person should not be criminally liable because of their mental condition at the time they committed an alleged offence Introduction Is insanity defense viable? Insanity defense can be dated back to the biblical times and can be attributed to have emerged from a myth that mentally ill individuals were not to be held responsible for act committed especially if the acts committed by a sane person would have been criminal. However, this defense took shape in the modern sphere in 1843 in the Daniel M’Naghten1 case. The court found him insane whom in an assassination attempt to Robert Peel the British Prime Minister, mistakenly killed his secretary...
18 Pages(4500 words)Coursework

Play For Rules Not Merely For Victory

One of the reasons behind the tragedy is that often in this world, the people try to establish in others what they are devoid of themselves. One must say: “why do you preach what you do not do yourself”? When one teaches the other, the other asks for the same and the conflict begins. It means the lack of integrity brings about the downfall of nations by indulging them in warfare.

Oh! My life is getting tougher day by day. Can you have a look at my course? The syllabus is not allowing me to spend my one minute for luxuries around me. The luxuries are appealing me with startling eyes. The world is inviting me for the charm, beauty and joys it has for me. I am confused which way to go. I am puzzled and somethi...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Moral and Ethical Rules of Analects of Confucius

... here refers to discussing the meaning of the text. Yang Bojun describes the word Lun as compiling in an orderly way and ‘yu’ as language (Yan, 2011). These anecdotes, conversations and analects of Confucius bear some resemblance to the Biblical Gospels (Kirkland, 2004: p. 57) whereby a well-respected, noble, and wise leader has laid down certain moral and ethical rules and guidelines for his disciples and other readers to follow. These analects reflect his ideologies from diverse perspectives and on various topics from the several branches of schools of thought that he founded and led (Cua, 2002). This section includes a summary of the key features of Confucianism including a brief overview of the social context in which it was written...
22 Pages(5500 words)Book Report/Review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Assignment on topic Internalization of Rules for FREE!

Contact Us