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Stanford-Binet Fifth Edition - Essay Example

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In this paper “Stanford-Binet Fifth Edition” the author will present the Fifth Edition of the Stanford–Binet Scale, its history, background, and psychometric qualities; then, he will disclose important advantages and limitations, possible uses and applications…
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Download file to see previous pages The Fifth Edition of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales (SB5) is a relatively new revised method, but has a unique history (figure 1). In 1905, Binet and Simon developed the first formal intelligence test, and Louis Terman created the Stanford-Binet Scale in 1916; this final scale was revised in 1937, 1960, 1986, and 2003. The first versions used items to address functional abilities, and were arranged by levels. The Fifth Edition is a standardized intelligence battery that can be administered to people from ages 2 to 85 years. According to Strauss (2006) the main purpose of the revision was “to expand the range of the test, to allow assessment of very low and very high levels of cognitive ability”, and to increase its clinical applications (see table 1).The SB5 is based on the Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) theory of cognitive functioning, which is considered “one of the well-validated, comprehensive models of cognitive functioning” (Fiorello and Primerano, 2005). Johnson (2007) describes the Stanford-Binet as “a comprehensive, norm-referenced individually administered test of intelligence and cognitive abilities”. The test is consists of five factors, which include Fluid Reasoning, Knowledge, Quantitative Reasoning, Visual-Spatial Processing, and Working Memory; each factor is further divided in verbal and non-verbal subtests (table 2). The Abbreviated Battery IQ scale consists of two routing subtests: one nonverbal (Object Series/Matrices) and one verbal (Vocabulary) (Coolican, J. et al, 2008)....
Johnson (2007) describes the Stanford-Binet as "a comprehensive, norm-referenced individually administered test of intelligence and cognitive abilities". The test is consists of five factors, which include Fluid Reasoning, Knowledge, Quantitative Reasoning, Visual-Spatial Processing, and Working Memory; each factor is further divided in verbal and non-verbal subtests (table 2). The Abbreviated Battery IQ scale consists of two routing subtests: one nonverbal (Object Series/Matrices) and one verbal (Vocabulary) (Coolican, J. et al, 2008).

The fifth revision retains the routing subtest technique, and routing subsets and functional levels were redesigned. Johnson (2007) further states that a Working Memory factor was added "because it has been shown to be related to both reading and math achievement".



Table 1.
Main goals of the Fifth Revision.

Restoring the original toys and manipulatives for assessing preschoolers that had been removed in recent versions
Increasing clinical utility.
Updating materials
Increasing non verbal items
Increasing the range of domains measured by the test
Source: Strauss, E. et al. 2006.

Table 2.
The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales, 5th ed.

Factor
Measures

Fluid Reasoning
The ability to solve nonverbal and verbal problems using reasoning
skills
Knowledge
Fund of general information

Quantitative Reasoning
Ability to work with numbers and solve numerical problems

Visual Spatial Processing
Ability to see patterns, relationships, and spatial orientations

Working Memory
Ability to store, sort and transform information in short-term memory.
Source: Coolican, J. et al, 2008.

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