There are different styles of research which are in practice, including the document study which is exploratory one, the questionnaire study which is analytical and the interview study which is based on theoretical observations…
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There are different styles of research which are in practice, including the document study which is exploratory one, the questionnaire study which is analytical and the interview study which is based on theoretical observations. Document study is about collecting facts, while interview and questionnaire methods are to understand individuals’ perceptions in the descriptive and theoretical manner (Bell, 2010). Interview research uses non-numerical and unstructured data, more than this, it has research questions which are more general at the start, and get specific as the study progresses (Teddlie, 2009). This chapter introduces three methods of research; the interview, the questionnaire, and the document research methods. Furthermore, the strengths and weaknesses of each of the method will be highlighted. The chapter also discusses the ethical code of conduct of the study. Introducing the Research Methods (Interview, Document and Questionnaire) Document Method (Strengths and Weaknesses) First method is the document research which is based on analysis of primary and secondary documents. The primary documents may include the experimental data, such as responses’ data of a particular company or organization. Secondary documents may include books, periodicals, journal articles and scholarly abstracts which assist the researcher to collect secondary-theoretical information on the study (Johnson & Christensen, 2010). There are two main sources of data collection in document research: secondary and primary documents (Guest, 2011). Further, the document research applies two approaches: source-oriented document research and problem-oriented document research. The source-oriented research means collection of the secondary documents which is to build the ground of the research - the subject. On the other hand, problem oriented research refers to collection of the primary documents which aim is to identify the problem, objective and purpose of research (Johnson & Christensen, 2010). One weaknesses of document research is that it entails a large set of data from documents, which needs to be filtered out for conducting the research. Apart that, document method applies to the HRM subjective studies and therefore provides the reason to the researcher to get it adapted for its research (Teddlie, 2009). The Questionnaire Method (Strengths and Weaknesses) The second common research method is the questionnaire which is based on a designed set of closed-ended questions (Griffith & Layne, 1999). The researchers had to have a certain aim before they apply the questionnaire method. As the method requires certain objectives, they limit the method with its purpose of application. Moreover, as the questionnaire is designed on the basis of close-ended questions, it cannot produce the effective descriptive information on the study which is the most essential to conduct a research. The responses collected through questionnaire are fixed and not changing, they are more specific and less detailed (Griffith & Layne, 1999). Interpretation and findings in questionnaire are entirely based on statistical elaboration. The more effective the statistical analysis of the study is, the more useful and effective the information will be in the questionnaire to get used as findings or interpretation. The Interview Method (Strengths and Weaknesses) The third adaptive method is the interview, which is based on formation of thematic questions and questions to be deployed on interviewees for thematic answers. The interview is in a way similar to questionnaire method, as it details questions; but still it differs as it brings descriptive information from the respondents (Griffith & Layne, 1999). The interview guideline based on a set of thematic questions can generate productive information for research. It can bring changing perception of individuals and also changing opinions of respondents on a particular subject or theme, which a questionnaire cannot do (Griffith & Layne
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The globalization of human resource management has enhanced the capacity of conventional HRM practices and HR professionals have to take care of employees from the home country as well as from diverse cultures and nationalities. With increasing globalization and the constant shift towards information technology, new issues are being created for HR professionals because employees are becoming increasingly diversified and difficult to manage.
Cross-cultural training- a concept which evolved after the process of foreign employee or the expatriate recruitment- is an inevitable factor of international business. In the present world of globalization, cross-cultural training has become the key concept of any international business.
The parameters of seismic action include; type, size and frequency of earthquake affecting a place over a certain time (Pecker, 2007). Seismic analysis refers to investigation of structure response to earthquakes. This helps engineers to properly design buildings especially in areas prone to earthquakes.
Literature Review 7 2.2. Theoretical Framework 10 2.3. Conceptual Framework 12 3.0. Methodology 3.1. Research design 14 3.2. Instrumentation 14 3.3. Reliability and Pilot Testing 15 3.4. Variables Used in the Study 16 3.5. Data Collection Procedure 16 3.6.
Modern methods of construction (MMC) involve dwellings or homes whose structure and parts are completely or partially created off site or sometimes on site by using modern and current methods. So MMC offers complete systems for housing that are constructed in a controlled factory environment through new and innovative technologies.
This research is being carried out to evaluate and present a survey that aims to determine the image coffee drinkers have of Starbucks and other coffee chains. The paper also tries to determine the consumer reaction to Starbucks’ introducing of a new gourmet coffee with a strong aroma to national introduction.
It is vital for researcher to have a complete knowledge of all available methodologies and then selecting a methodology that is according to research questions and objective. Current chapter focuses on devising methodology adopted for this research and deciding upon data collection methods including primary and secondary resources.
1)’. It is also either localized or is widespread depending on demonstrated initial symptoms and may evidently scale-up base d on the changes in the mental state. Medical experts contented that it may directly or indirectly affect neuron functions that will consequentially affect the mental state of a person, including their cognitive abilities (Medicine.net, 2013).
30 Findings from Review of Literatures in a Broad Approach 33 Background and Recent Trends 33 Practices and Key Issues in CMO Processing 34 The Transformation of the US Banking and Mortgage Markets 37 Securitization and the Mortgage Market 37 The Evolution of Financial Exploitation 38 Balanced Discussions and Alternative Viewpoints 41 Identified Research Gaps 42 Conclusion of Review 44 Summary 46 Chapter 3: Research Methods and Design 50 Introduction 50 Research Method and Design Appropriateness 50 Appropriation of Research Design with the Study Concerned 52 Population, Sampling and Data Collection Procedures and Rationale 53 Appropriateness, Reliability and Validity of the Instruments Selec
Symmetries can also be used to simplify the problems and to understand bifurcations of nonlinear systems. The idea behind this approach stems from the fact that, if discrete invariance group of algebraic equations can be exploited by general algorithms to solve these equations “by radicals”, therefore continuous invariance group of a differential equation may be exploited to solve these equations by quadrature.
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