StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
This paper aims to provide a critical examination of the characteristics and causal theories of ASD and the challenges this raises for mainstream educational settings, and how these challenges can be addressed to promote educational outcomes for cases of autism…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.2% of users find it useful
Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD)"

Download file to see previous pages The clear-cut linkage between ASD in these instances notwithstanding, the causes of ASD remain unclear in higher than 90% of all instances, but in the current studies, a lot of focus is directed to proving the genetic linkages by identifying the specific genes allied to autism. Meanwhile, in the absence of concrete genetic evidence for autism, documented empirical data concerning autism cases provides a basis for the estimation of recurrence risk, which has been found to be about 5% when only one child in a family is affected but considerably higher than that to about 25% when more than one child is affected. Rate of recurrence risk is also determined by sex of the foetus because a male foetus has been found to be about 3-4 times more likely to develop autism than a female foetus; in this respect, the recurrence risk in accordance to sex is about 2% for a female foetus but close to 8% for a male foetus. In understanding the etiology of ASD, professionals in the field of medicine have proposed several theoretic frameworks; for instance, Gerrad and Rugg 2009 propose the development of a standardized framework for analysing autistic characteristics to facilitate the identification of subgroups and the location of biological markers for genetic variation (Gerrad and Rugg 2009, p.1449). The two also support the neuroconstructivist model that contends that peripheral sensual defects interrupt compilation of complex skills, influence synapto-genesis, synaptic pruning and myelination, and manifests themselves as autistic conducts. Of all the cognitive-developmental disorders, autism is perhaps the most clearly genetically determined and by combining universal rates of autism and sibling recurrence, there emerges a simple genetic model that categorizes...
This essay stresses that Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) represents a group of neurodevelopmental disorders that manifest in infants less than 3 years of age and lasts for a lifetime; autistic children present with impairments in social interaction, communication and repetitive patterns of behaviour. Cases of infantile autism are prevalent in the world today with males being overrepresented with a rate of sibling recurrence risk that is nearly 4 to 5 times higher than females in families. The etiological foundation of autism is highly elusive to clinicians in the world, but the genetic explanation prevalent in current research is attributable to the observations that the rate of recurrence of autism in the siblings of autistic individuals is much higher than the rate of recurrence in the general population.
This paper makes a conclusion that one of the most influential theoretic models in existence insofar as autism is concerned, the neuroconstructivist model, posits that compilation of complex skills, synapto-genesis, synaptic pruning and myelination are disrupted by peripheral sensory abnormalities. In the educational settings, autistic children mainly struggle with communication and social interaction problems, with difficulties particularly in both verbal and non-verbal communication, in addition to the ability to interact with peers in leisure or play activities. Autistic children present a myriad of challenges to educational settings because unlike neurotypical children, autistic children require special interventions. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 words”, n.d.)
Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1481212-autistic-spectrum-disorder-asd
(Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words)
Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words. https://studentshare.org/education/1481212-autistic-spectrum-disorder-asd.
“Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1481212-autistic-spectrum-disorder-asd.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Autism Spectrum Disorder

...?Part A Autism Spectrum Disorder This research proposal and dissertation is about how to improve education and treatment for children and adults. In working with Autism Spectrum Disorder and its’ various related disorders like Asperger’s disorder, Rett’s disorder and Pervasive Personality Disorder. A researcher must have several ideas to work through in order to find a way to improve on the ideas of others and to improve the life of these children and adults through better diagnosis of the disorder. Methodology The first part of this methodology project is for the researcher to decide who is going to be the participants of the project. The project will be using children and adults with varying degrees of ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder...
12 Pages(3000 words)Dissertation

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

... providers. In the future, the results of this study can be used to instigate further efforts on providing an efficient standardized care for ASD patients. METHODS An interview was conducted among parents of children diagnosed with ASD. They were asked whether their autistic children had any of the following: eczema, food allergies, seizures, asthma, epilepsy, depression, ear infection, and sleep problems. Data were presented as percent of children with ASD. RESULTS In an interview conducted among the parents of 19 autistic children, the findings were as follows: Table 1. Occurrence of certain health conditions in 19 children afflicted with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Health condition percent eczema 37% food allergies 88% seizures 94...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Autism Spectrum Disorder

...?Case Study Collage Introduction Autism spectrum disorder de d as ASD is a term which was brought about due to the difference in symptoms occurrence in persons suffering from autism. Autism is a disease common to children due to early child brain development. The features of autism may vary from intellectual disability, immune dysfunction, disturbances of the senses, disturbances of normal sleeping habits and other related problems. However, all this features are not all present in a person suffering from autism. These symptoms vary from one person to another. Due to the difference in the features of autism, this disease is considered as a set of variability hence the name autism spectrum disorder. Goals of the study Tracey...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

A parental booklet/ Information for parents/carers - Autistic Spectrum disorder (ASD)

... Task: Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) What is autism? Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) are developmental disabilities that affect an individual’s communication capabilities, how they perceive the world around them and their behavioural performance. ASD is a term that includes a variety of diagnoses such as Classic autism, Asperger Syndrome and High functioning autism. As such, it is also referred to as a spectrum disorder. What is Asperger Syndrome? Asperger Syndrome affects an individual based on three aspects. These include: how the individual perceives the world; how they process information and how they relate to other people around them – social communication and social interaction. Individuals with Asperger Syndrome can have...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Autism Spectrum Disorder

...I. Introduction This paper discusses Autism Spectrum Disorder or ASD, how it is defined in the literature and what the symptoms of the condition are, and what interventions by way of teaching strategies can be recommended to teachers and teaching assistants to help and improve the learning outcomes of students with ASD in the classroom. ASD is said to refer to a class of brain disorders that are developmental in nature, and which are tied to a wide-ranging child conditions related to impairment levels, disabilities, skills, and symptoms. The DSM-IV-TR, also known as the Fourth Edition of the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, classifies five kinds of so-called pervasive developmental disorders or PDDs as being forms...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Autistic Spectrum

... satisfactorily from the state of normal primary autism brings home to us the complexity and delicacy of the time-consuming process of becoming aware of the world and its objects, persons and other minds. (Gerlach 1996) When things have gone grossly wrong with these early cognitive processes we say that the child is psychotic. The degree to which he is out of touch with reality distinguishes the psychotic from the neurotic child. However, it is important to make the point that the normal healthy infant who starts life by being out of touch with reality is not psychotic. But he is autistic. (Hollander et al. 2001) Autism is a "spectrum disorder," meaning that it manifests itself differently in each child. However, Detection of children who...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Autistic Spectrum Disorders

...Critique of Published Research 1st June 2009 of Research: Social Workers' Understanding of Autistic Spectrum Disorders: An Exploratory Investigation Author(s): David Preece and Rita Jordan Source: British Journal of Social Work (2007) doi:10.1093/bjsw/bcl089 David Preece and Rita Jordan both are highly intellectual and have served in the field for many years. David has worked as a Team Manager, Services for Children with Autism, for Northamptonshire Children and Families. He has worked with children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) for over 15 years. While Rita Jordan established a pre-school group and toy library for those then excluded from education in the UK. Following a research based MSc in Child Development. She...
11 Pages(2750 words)Book Report/Review

Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders

...INCLUSION AND FAIRNESS IN THE MAINSTREAM ROOM: CHILDREN WITH AUTISTIC SPECTRUM DISORDERS ID of 14 March 2008 Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) have been brought into the mainstream media. The Student with Disabilities Act in the United States and Disability Discrimination Act of 1995 brought children with disabilities into the regular classroom, no longer isolating them to specialist provision classes. But some people wonder if this is fair to the children without disabilities. Does mainstreaming children help all children or does it hold some children back? Is the idea of including working for both sets of children? This paper will explore these issues. DEFINITION: AUTISTIC SPECTRUM DISORDERS (ASD) In order to understand the issues...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Mental Disorder and Criminal Offending

One of the notable cases that may be cited in the history of Britain is that of Peter Fuller, who was also known as Jack the Ripper and who has now been identified as a schizophrenic. Ainsley has detailed the stories of several women such as Mary Ann Brough, who slashed the throats of all her six children in an insane rage. (Ainsley, 2000).
Modern instances of horrific crimes committed by people who are mentally ill would include cases such as that of Thomas Hamilton who entered a classroom one day and killed the Mayor and sixteen children and injured several others (www. rotten.com) and that of Horret Campbell who entered a primary school and lashed out at the children with a machete. (Verkaik, 2001). Such horrific crimes re...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

History of the Mental Illness: Bipolar Disorder

... was also the first to separate bipolar disorder from what he called "dementia praecox," which we now know as schizophrenia. He believed that schizophrenia had a "deteriorating course" in which mental function continuously declines, and bipolar disorder (which he termed "manic depression," which is now seen as comprising a variety of mood disorders, including bipolar disorder) patients experienced the illness in severe episodes followed by symptom-free intervals (Wikipedia, 2006). Later, in 1924, Eugen Bleuler suggested that manic depression and dementia praecox were on a continuum or spectrum, and that a person could be at different points on that spectrum at different times. He also extended Kraepelins category of manic depression...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Curing Attention Deficit Disorder

Media Article: In “Curing Nature Deficit Disorder”, Patrick Tucker investigates the claim made by Richard Louv in his book “Last Child in the Woods” to the effect that when a child is deprived of adequate "nature exposure", i.e., support, care, attentive parenting and social interaction, his/her physical and mental health will be negatively impacted. This can result in, diminished sensory perception, attention deficit and higher rates of physical and emotional illness. Louv further argues that getting back to nature may help children cope with ADHD. He supports his argument by citing several studies that provide strong evidence that outdoor activities alleviate two ADHD symptoms: inattentiveness and fluctua...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Disease and Genetic Disorder for the Human Body Systems

Electrocardiography and angiography are frequently used to diagnose the disease. As a treatment, coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) is performed if the number of affected arteries and the extent of the blockage is high. Low-fat diet (especially saturated fats) maintain healthy body weight and regular physical activities help in preventing the disease.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disorder in which the proteins of the cardiac muscles become thick (hypertrophy) results in sudden death at any age. This is caused by the mutations in the genes responsible for myosin chains which is a major component of the heart muscle. Thickening of the heart muscle reduces the blood outflow and increase the ventricular pres...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Social-Emotional Behavioural Disorder

...Social Emotional Behavioural Disorder (SEBD) Table of Content Introduction 3 Different perspective of Social Emotional and Behavioural Disorder – Education 4 Examination of evidences 5 Role of the professionals 7 Evaluation of theories and approaches to inter agency working with SEBD students 8 Conclusion 10 References 11 Bibliographies 13 Introduction Behaviour is an important factor that determines the learning capabilities of an individual. Behaviour can be manifested orally or through actions. Thus any kind of hindrance that is produced in behaviour will affect the learning of individual. The following paper will investigate the fact that how children suffering from Social Emotional and Behavioural disorders can be imparted...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Contrast of Two Explanations of Social Disorder in Contemporary UK Society

As the process of urbanization takes off and more people start residing in major cities, the fissures start to appear within the apparent harmonious co-existence. There are several reasons why disorderly conduct on part of individuals and groups takes place. Sociologists have proposed numerous theories explaining this phenomenon.

Erving Goffman was an astute observer of society, who immersed himself in the social environment which he was studying. He carefully observed and recorded the ways in which people’s behavior and interpersonal interactions are carried out in everyday life. He notes that “people perform their social roles and, as they do so, they produce social order through their actions and the regu...
6 Pages(1500 words)Article

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

...Diagnosis Paper: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Karyn Sherwood Abnormal Psychology L. Horrell April 3, Introduction and overview of disorder Post-traumatic stress disorder is one of the more severe anxiety disorders defined in psychology. PTSD can occur in people after they have been subjected to psychological trauma, which can be caused by means of any one event that may force a person to feel threatened, or involve death, sexual, physical or psychological virtues. The disorder takes place after the person has experienced the traumatic event. According to the American Psychiatric Association, the diagnostic criteria for PTSD consists of the exposure to a traumatic event; persistent re-experiencing of the event; persistent avoidance...
24 Pages(6000 words)Term Paper

Abnormal Psychology - Catatonia Disorder

...Catatonic Catch I. Introduction The movie, Awakenings, is set sometime in the late 1969 in which a caring and dedicated physician, Dr. Malcolm Sayer got a job at a local hospital in the Bronx of New York. He was assigned to handle psychologically challenged patients which include catatonic ones who survived encephalitis lethargic from 1917 to 1928. Encephalitis is a CNS Disorder that manifests with lethargy sleep cycle disturbances, extrapyramidal symptomatology, neuropsychiatric manifestations, ocular features and cardio respiratory abnormalities (Lopez-Alberola et al., 2009). One of his patients was a certain Leonard Lowe, the character in the movie who displayed symptoms of catatonia. Leonard lost the ability to write and to move...
9 Pages(2250 words)Coursework

Autistic Spectrum Disorders

The exact cause of Autism remains unknown and is still under the purview of various ongoing scientific researches.  From the previous researches conducted by different scientists there are suggestions that Autism may result from genetic mutations within the human body, but there are no clarifications, as of yet,  whether this condition results from rare genetic mutations, or from the rare combinations of commonly occurring gene variants (Abrahams and Geschwind, 2008, 345).   There are also other researches that suggest that Autism may be caused by certain environmental factors, like pesticides, vaccinations in children, and heavy metals (Rutter, 2005); though the hypothesis in children’s vaccines has...
8 Pages(2000 words)Literature review

Autism Spectrum Disorder

... and health care providers. In the future, the results of this study can be used to instigate further efforts on providing an efficient standardized care for ASD patients. METHODS An interview was conducted among parents of children diagnosed with ASD. They were asked whether their autistic children had any of the following: eczema, food allergies, seizures, asthma, epilepsy, depression, ear infection, and sleep problems. Data were presented as percent of children with ASD. RESULTS In an interview conducted among the parents of 19 autistic children, the findings were as follows: Table 1. Occurrence of certain health conditions in 19 children afflicted with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Health condition percent eczema 37% food...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

There has also been a long debate and research over the question that whether parents should medicate a child with ADHD. Many doctors and analysts say that medication is the best solution for such children; others say medication should simply not be used on children so young, and some say that medication should never be used alone or as a substitute for other treatments.
The current treatments that are available for ADHD are for reducing the symptoms and improving functioning. There are no specific treatments that could completely cure the disorder. This is because there are primarily no biological tests that would show that a child is suffering from AHDH, these are merely symptoms that would help in the diagnosis (Passmore 1...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Diagnosis

...Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Introduction Experts have different views on attention deficit disorder also known as Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) regarding diagnosis, medication and dependency in children resulting from use of stimulant. Minors under medication to prevent ADHD have been on the rise for the last 3 decades in the U.S. The diagnosis of ADHD varies, some states shows a high percentage of diagnosis. Production of stimulants such as Ritalin for ADHD treatments is on the rise, with scientists explaining that it is recommended for treatment. According to Schwarz and Cohen, approximately 11% of children are under medication. Authors have pointed out that one boy in every five high school boys have...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) for FREE!

Contact Us