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For the essay to critically analyze the National Curriculum, it will try to elaborate why the curriculum was deemed necessary, examine the different negative and positive consequences related with the curriculum implementation since 1988. Outline of the UK National Curriculum According to National Curriculum Council (1991), the National Curriculum was adopted with the main purpose to standardize the content that is taught in State Schools. This was meant to enable assessment which consequently will enable the league table compilation. The league table details the statistics of assessment for each school. Moreover, league tables combined with the provision for a choice to parents in assigning schools for their children were created with the main intention for free market encouragement. This allowed parents to choose schools for their children based on the ability to teach the National Curriculum (National Curriculum Council (Great Britain) 1989). The UK National Curriculum was structured in key stages and based on subjects. This covered the core subjects such as mathematics, English and science and the foundation subjects such as Geography, Art, Music, History, Technology and Physical Education. Moreover, the subjects were being studied from 5 to 16 years of age (Great Britain 1997). It was mandatory for each school to teach Religious Studies and other areas such as health, personal and social education. When and why the curriculum developed The department of science and education issued a consultation document that outlines the national curriculum. After consultation, the parliament passed the education reform act of 1988 which established the National Curriculum framework. The implementation of the curriculum commenced in 1989 and continued till mid 1990s (Walker & Soltis 2004). Great Britain (1999) points out that the first phase of the four key stages testing was finished in 1991. In addition, the school inspection responsibility was transferred from the inspectors of her majesty and the inspection teams of the local authority in 1993 to inspection of independent teams. The new work was to be coordinated by the new depart of state. According to Wales (2001), the documentation of the National Curriculum outlines the two main aims for the development of the National Curriculum. The first aim was that the school curriculum should strive to give all pupils opportunities to learn and excel (Great Britain 1997). National Curriculum Council (Great Britain) elaborates the aim that the schools are entitled to develop commitment to, enjoyment and learning as a mode of stimulating and encouraging the best progress possible and the best pupil’s attainment. Moreover, the curriculum should build interests, strengths and experience of the pupils and develop to their capacity their confidence to enable the pupils learn and independently work in collaboration. The curriculum is also intended to equip the pupils with learning skills which are essential such as numeracy, literacy and information and communication technology and lastly to promote an inquisitive mind and capacity to rationally think (Duckett, Sixsmith & Kagan 2008). National Curriculum Council (Great Britain) (1991) points out that the school curriculum should help the pupil’s development of sense of identity through understanding and knowledge of the spiritual, social, moral and cultural heritages of the diverse society of
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On the one hand, there is a clear differentiation between the National Curriculum and the general school curriculum. The former is focused on development of key subjects. The National Curriculum is on the way of its development and it is often claimed that it is appropriate for it to cover more subjects; to draw more conclusions and cover more school time than it does now.
Consequently the policies as well as the curriculum used in early year’s education in any of the countries in are often different from the ones used in other parts of the United Kingdom. For example, the English system of education basically focuses on the quality of education while the Scottish system has more emphasis towards the breadth of education.
As a description of curriculum, it is difficult to find a better one than this of Marsh.
In recent years, with interest increasing in what is taught at different stages of education, curriculum has gained a place of importance in the education-connected regions.
The introduction will also give a background on the outline of the paper and what it aims to achieve. The paper will examine the goals of the national curriculum and situate it within the philosophy of education. As such, it will justify the need to examine curriculum against the theoretical background of education.
Education became important in order to maintain social disorder and the society needed boys for future industrial service, boys needed to be educated, which was identified as ‘The Apprentice boy model of the education’. During this period there was a great deal of gender inequality, female students were always disadvantaged.
We will be explaining in this section various different types of enquiry models which are prevalent and the differences between the methodologies being adopted by these methods.
This process of enquiry considers a very limited set of observations.These observations are then analyzed to reach to a connclusion.The set of observations in this approach is limited and these observation may be anallogous in which we compare a situation to other situations we have encountered ; historical observations in which a current problem is analyzed in the light of the problem which migh have been faced earlier and finally observations may be multiple in nature and also independent of eac other.The main pro
This analysis will be conducted with reference to various subjects as illustrated below. (Vignoles and Machin, 2004)
Purposes of education differ from individual to individual. Consequently, one can divide these schools of thought into six distinct categories as seen in the late eighties.
Science is a very important subject in day to day life hence it should be encouraged to be taught to all pupils in primary school. When the National Curriculum was introduced in the UK following the recommendation of Education Reform Act 1988, science became a compulsory subject.
According to the paper the limitations of current National Curriculum provision, from a 'quality' perspective which incorporates public recognition of cultural and linguistic diversity, entitlement to language maintenance/development/certification and a multilingual dimension to KAL for all pupils, should be obvious. The present National Curriculum provision is far from offering 'quality', in terms of any additive definition of 'equal opportunity', to our bilingual pupils.
From this paper, it is clear that Beckett’s characters in most of his players tend to be poisoned in their places and in their bodies. The essential message of Samuel Beckett’s Endgame is evident enough. This is certainly a drama about the final days of the world. The drama’s setting is portrayed several times as a ‘shelter’.
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