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Discipline:State Laws on Corporal Punishment/students conduct in U.S Public Schools - Research Paper Example

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State Laws on Corporal Punishment Name Institution Background One of the main challenges in United States public schools is indiscipline. This problem is attributed to many factors, including weak teacher-student relationships, family-related factors, poor disciplining approaches, and changes in technology that have led to new dimensions of indiscipline (Zolotor et al., 2011)…
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Download file to see previous pages One of the approaches of disciplining that has been at the center of debating among the lawmakers and educational stakeholders has been the corporal punishment. Different states in the United States have either banned or allowed corporal punishment as a way of disciplining in US public schools. It is worth noting that majority of the states have prohibited corporal punishment, but the rest have not banned the practice (Bloom, 2010). Corporal punishment in schools entails official punishment of students for deviant behaviors or violation of school rules and regulations. It involves striking student a number of times in a premeditated and methodical manner (Human Rights Watch, 2008). Normally, the punishment is administered either on the hands or across the buttocks, using wooden yardstick, wooden paddle, leather strap, or a rattan cane. Its advocates consider it appropriate because they believe that it provides an immediate response to misbehavior and indiscipline, and that after its administration students can quickly go back to classroom and continue with learning. However, its opponents argue that other disciplinary approaches can be equally or even more effective. The opponents further argue that corporal punishment can amount to abuse or violence (Sparks, 2013). Rollins (2012) argues that good conduct and discipline is an important ingredient for success of students in schools. It is also argued that all educational stakeholders agree that there is need for effective ways of addressing the challenge of indiscipline in the US public schools. However, there seems to be a disagreement on which are the best approaches of instilling good conduct and discipline. In particular, there is a disagreement on whether corporal punishment is a good approach of instilling discipline in public schools. Corporal punishment has been used as a way of disciplining for many years, and there are those who believe that it has been tested and proved to be an effective way of disciplining students (Brookmeyer, Fanti, and Henrich, 2008). The proponents of corporal punishment argue that the very nature of corporal punishment achieves better outcomes compared to other methods of disciplining. The opponents of this practice hold the view that it is often cruel, brutal, and ineffective, and therefore cannot be relied upon to instill good conduct and discipline. Both arguments have been backed up by several researches. As a matter of fact, even the opponents of the practice agree that corporal punishment to some extent can significantly reform the behaviors of children in school and family settings as well. A study by the National Centre for Educational Research and the National Centre for Social and Criminal found out that about 70 percent of teachers and parents prefer corporal punishment as a mode of punishment (Sajkowska & Wojtasik, 2009). Parents who prefer corporal punishment as a mode of punishment are also comfortable if the punishment is implemented in school. Conversely, many of those parents who do not prefer it as a method of punishment in school are against its use in schools, be it private or public schools. The debate surrounding corporal punishment is mainly on whether, when effectively administered, it can reduce the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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