Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Peer Assessment - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Peer assessment is an assessment done by students on works of other students. In this kind of assessment, summative grading is conducted to offer results while formative review is conducted to offer feedback on what the students have learned…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.3% of users find it useful
Peer Assessment
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Peer Assessment"

Peer Assessment Peer Assessment Peer assessment is an assessment done by on works of other In this kind of assessment, summative grading is conducted to offer results while formative review is conducted to offer feedback on what the students have learned. Peer assessment is quite important as it encourages critical thinking and innovation among students, thus, it aims to enhance the quality of learning and encourages learners (Brown & Knight, 1994). It includes student’s involvement in the prior setting of goals or criteria, final grading, and judgment, and the choice of evidence of academic success. Student assessment of work of other student, especially formative, has a positive influence to the learning capability of the student assessee and the assessor. Peer assessment is significant to learning because it encourages and enhances student reasoning capacity and independence. The weakness of this form of assessment can be avoided with teacher moderation. Peer assessment is a form of peer teaching which in turn leads to development of evaluation and assessment skills. It positively influences student-learning experience via provision of instant feedback (Rowtree, 1977). Peer assessment is conducted because it produces viable feedback and has probable merits in student achievement. For instance, peer assessment can assist self-assessment in the sense that students have the chance to judge their academic works; students attain insight into their own individual performance after getting feedback from their friends. In addition, peer- assessment assists students to develop rational judgment, which is a vital skill for professional life and study (Moon, 2002). A good example of formative peer assessment is the study conducted among bachelors students perusing computer science. Twenty students created web application on a topic that self-interest for 30% of the final grade marks. Each student was required to present his or her individual application on their respective web space, from which six students assessors offered a formative assessment as text analysis and percentage marks awarded against other students criteria (Biggs, 1999). Anonymity of the author was impossible since the web applications incorporated their login names but the student assessors were anonymous because code numbers were utilized to assess. After attaining anonymous assessment and reviews of their work, students were given time to enhance it, and final work was presented on web spaces on a strict deadline. The same assessor, giving the marks directly to the teacher for moderation purposes, conducted Summative of the same web addresses. The teacher went through and remarked all the work. Ten students returned the anonymous assessments and evaluations. For most of these students, formative assessment has been useful to them. Further, they valued text feedback than marks. Some students argued that by viewing other students work, they felt it was more valuable. The main challenge with summative assessment was that some students failed to sit for final examination but it was useful for the formative assessment, as they were able to improve on their weak areas. Feedback is very essential in peer assessment because comprehensive, quality, and timely feedback is very influential in encouraging student learning. In order to enhance opportunities for good feedback, it is significant to ensure that the assessment offers feedback to students on their work progress toward the attainment of learning objectives and outcomes. Feedback will offer students with an opportunity to recognize what they have achieved and how they have been performing (Race, 2002). Further, it will ensure that students have a chance to enhance or improve weak areas as well as justify their final marks of summative assessment. In order to provide opportunity for students, feedback should be timely since if it is provided when summative assessment is near, it will not help the students because the work is already done and they have moved to the next task. There are possible challenges in peer assessment process. For instance, difficulties arise with the reliability and validity of peer assessment. In case of peer review, some students feel that feedback from their fellow student is not valuables and accurate. This is somehow hard to improve because the student’s judgment is hard to change since it depends on many variables affecting learning of students in that particular field. Further, there is a big challenge in the formative assessment offering grades, and less agreement on its value (Biggs, 1999). This is attributed to the doubt in the accuracy of a student since some students have the tendency to under-mark the work of their fellow students. Further, in peer assessment there is the need to recognition of the emotional element such as negative sentiments and feelings that does not concern learning in assessing works of the peers. This kind of assessment, it is faced with the issue of valuable and accurate judgments since there is collusion in giving marks or grades without appropriate reason (Dunlap & Grabinger, 2003). Peer assessment can be problematic because some students may be resistant to it because they feel that they lack past experience to review and assess work of their fellow students, some of them have no self-confidence and are not in a position to make significant judgments on the work of their peers, thus giving inaccurate feedback. The feedback in peer assessment may be compromised in the sense that students may want to settle old problems with their friends and award them low marks, and negative judgment. In addition, via friendship and loyalty, students award higher grades or marks to their friends than warranted (McKeachie, 2007). In order to have a successful peer assessment, each criteria, case, and evidence must be considered. This is because the objectivity and clarity of peer assessment criteria will decide the success of the assessment process. The tutor or teacher should prepare the teacher well for the exercise to assist overcome potential challenges. It is also significant to incorporate students in offering feedback as a secure introduction to peer assessment practice. The tutor should also make sure that students are given enough time to perform this process since they have no immense experience in such a task. References Brown, S., & Knight, P. (1994). Assessing learners in higher education. London: Kogan. Biggs, J. (1999). Teaching for quality learning at University. Buckingham: SHRE and Open University Press. Dunlap, J. C., & Grabinger, S. (2003). Preparing students for lifelong learning: A review of instructional methodologies. Performance Improvement Quarterly, 16 (2), 6-25. Moon, J. (2002). The module and program development handbook: A practical guide to linking levels, learning outcomes and assessment. London: Kogan. McKeachie, W. (2007). Peer review of teaching: A sourcebook. New York, NY: Jossey-Bass. Race, P. (2002). The lecturers’ toolkit. London: Kogan. Rowtree, D. (1977). Assessing students: How shall we know them? London: Harper and Row. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Peer Assessment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Peer Assessment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from
(Peer Assessment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Peer Assessment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words.
“Peer Assessment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Digital Video Broadcast: Handheld Assessment of Emerging Technology

This work will highlight the factors leading to business successes for companies that will be directly involved in DVB-H technology as well as potential drawbacks to the new media technology.

Digital Video Broadcast – Handheld, or DVB-H, is a new technology that allows simultaneous transmission of multiple channels of television, radio, video, audio and IP data to a range of multi-media devices including mobile phones, PDAs, PCs and other handheld devices [1]. Avoiding a radically extensive scientific evaluation of the components of DVB-H and how the technology is transmitted across networks, the concept involves transmission across various networks to offer digital video services to mobile consumers. One of the m...
9 Pages(2250 words)Article

Servant Leadership Assessment

Dr. Horsman (2006) of Gonzaga University, citing Greenleaf (1996, p. 12) said, “Leading is going out ahead to show the way . . . to those situations in which the way is unclear or hazardous, or offers opportunities for creative achievement. I, therefore, ask: Am I going out the way… to those situations in which the way is unclear or hazardous or offers opportunities for creative achievement? I believe that with the situation that I have attained in my career as a senior sales director in the confection business, I can say that I have achieved the self-determination to really get what I want in life. I am basically a man of my own and of course, there were uncertainties but I just looked at them as challenges.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

The Assessment Related Principles of Teaching

...Evaluation In the assessment related principles of teaching, the assessment toll should match with performance objective. a) Which assessment tool touse, which test to formulate must be based on our performance objective. If our assessment tool is aligned with our performance objective, we can claim that our assessment tool is valid. In the concrete, this means that if we want to teach our students how to make Shrewsbury biscuits, we simply let them work with their kitchen equipments and see them bake. Our performance test is aligned with our performance objective, therefore it is valid. If , however, we make use of a written test and ask our students to write down the steps of baking Shrewsbury biscuits, from the very beginning...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Description of Two Established Personality Assessment Tools: Discussion of Strengths and Weaknesses

The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) was developed in the 1930s by Harvard University psychiatrist Henry A. Murray and university student Christiana Morgan in the pursuit of identifying personality characteristics and unconscious human desires (Bosshardt, 2004). TAT assessments generally consist of 31 different cards in which varying ambiguous illustrations and photos are displayed, asking participants to respond to their interpretations of what is occurring within each visual image. Internal conflicts or motivational desires are generally projected by participants who are exposed to TAT assessments, allowing psychologists to determine the personality constructs of individuals.

The Sensation Seeking Scale (SSS) was deve...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Community Assessment for Treatment and Prevention of Hepatitis C in Adult Population

With the increased awareness and advancement in research, involving human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, clinical expertise exists for the prevention and management of chronic viral diseases like HCV among injection drug users, since the mode of infection and behavior of vulnerable population for both HIV and HCV contagion are identical. Since the transmission of HCV is similar to HIV and IDU is the primary risk factor for HCV infection, and coinfection of these two blood-borne diseases cause morbidity and mortality, harm reduction approach and the strategies that address the social and economic harms that impact an individual, community, or society are paramount in preventing the epidemic.

Hepatitis C is the ma...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

Project Risk Assessment: Qualitative Versus Quantitative Approach

The risks may vary in terms of nature or scope according to the situation. So since the risk is so common in project management, a very important aspect of managing a project is analyzing all the possible risks that are associated with that particular project. It makes no sense of going on with a project and not giving a thought to the risks that could affect the success. Once these risks are analyzed, the project manager will have all the possible risks in front of him. He will know the degree of risk and also the benefits that the organization will get if the risk is taken. Therefore only after a risk analysis, the project manager is in a position to conclude whether or not it is worth taking the risk and going on with a certain...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Health Needs Assessment among Internally Displaced People in Southern Darfur State

In the recent past, Sudan has gone through a very serious humanitarian crisis, rated by as among the worst in the world. This crisis has led to thousands of Sudanese being displaced from their homes. The crisis was a series of civil wars that have characterized the Southern Sudan regions, and quite recently the Darfur region. The conflict in the Darfur region is among the most recent crises in Sudan and has as a result drawn global attention. According to the UN, the Darfur conflict emerged as the worst crisis in the year 2003 as far as humanitarian aspects are concerned (UNEP/OCHA, 2004 pp 6).

So far, the Darfur crisis has led to the internal displacement of more than two million citizens. In the year 2008, the UN esti...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

Development and Influences of Peer Sociability

...Running head: developmental psychology. Developmental psychology. Development and influences of peer sociability and its impact as a social agent during middle childhood and adolescence. Abstract Peer influence on children in the middle childhood and adolescence is profound from perspectives of socialization and development of cognitive abilities due to greater exposure to extrafamilial relations including friends, peers at school, teachers, and others. This paper focuses on identifying these influences during middle childhood and adolescence, and their impact on children in positive and negative aspects. While doing so, it explores implications of behavioral trends noted in these groups, such as aggression, need...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Self Assessment: Conflict Management Style

...Please indicate Self Assessment: Conflict Management Style The assessment on conflict management that I took suggests that I am the type of person who tends to cooperate and work with people to achieve a desirable outcome. It suggests that when I am faced with a conflicting situation, although I listen and consider other viewpoints included in the discussion, I carefully evaluate and analyse every detail in accordance to my own. It depicts that I welcome other ideas or arguments but not easily swayed by them for I tend to make my point be heard and accepted as well, creating a really interesting discussion that in turn promotes a win-win situation. Furthermore, the assessment also indicated that second to collaborating attitude, I also...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Self-Analysis and Emotional Intelligence Assessment

...The experience of both taking and scoring the self-assessment instruments was eye opening, and led to some unexpected discoveries. There were resultsthat reflected exactly what I would predict, while others were less obvious. In both cases, I found new information about myself and my ways of relating to others, and that information will definitely contribute to my future success in business. Though it was uncomfortable to confront some of the areas that need improvement, I know this minor discomfort was a small price to pay for the exceptional insight that came along with it. Kaplan describes that although all leaders have some combination of strengths and weaknesses, most leaders devote most of their energy to dealing...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Peer Assessment for FREE!

Contact Us