Free

Peer Assessment - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Peer assessment is an assessment done by students on works of other students. In this kind of assessment, summative grading is conducted to offer results while formative review is conducted to offer feedback on what the students have learned…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.4% of users find it useful
Peer Assessment
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Peer Assessment"

Peer Assessment Peer Assessment Peer assessment is an assessment done by on works of other In this kind of assessment, summative grading is conducted to offer results while formative review is conducted to offer feedback on what the students have learned. Peer assessment is quite important as it encourages critical thinking and innovation among students, thus, it aims to enhance the quality of learning and encourages learners (Brown & Knight, 1994). It includes student’s involvement in the prior setting of goals or criteria, final grading, and judgment, and the choice of evidence of academic success. Student assessment of work of other student, especially formative, has a positive influence to the learning capability of the student assessee and the assessor. Peer assessment is significant to learning because it encourages and enhances student reasoning capacity and independence. The weakness of this form of assessment can be avoided with teacher moderation. Peer assessment is a form of peer teaching which in turn leads to development of evaluation and assessment skills. It positively influences student-learning experience via provision of instant feedback (Rowtree, 1977). Peer assessment is conducted because it produces viable feedback and has probable merits in student achievement. For instance, peer assessment can assist self-assessment in the sense that students have the chance to judge their academic works; students attain insight into their own individual performance after getting feedback from their friends. In addition, peer- assessment assists students to develop rational judgment, which is a vital skill for professional life and study (Moon, 2002). A good example of formative peer assessment is the study conducted among bachelors students perusing computer science. Twenty students created web application on a topic that self-interest for 30% of the final grade marks. Each student was required to present his or her individual application on their respective web space, from which six students assessors offered a formative assessment as text analysis and percentage marks awarded against other students criteria (Biggs, 1999). Anonymity of the author was impossible since the web applications incorporated their login names but the student assessors were anonymous because code numbers were utilized to assess. After attaining anonymous assessment and reviews of their work, students were given time to enhance it, and final work was presented on web spaces on a strict deadline. The same assessor, giving the marks directly to the teacher for moderation purposes, conducted Summative of the same web addresses. The teacher went through and remarked all the work. Ten students returned the anonymous assessments and evaluations. For most of these students, formative assessment has been useful to them. Further, they valued text feedback than marks. Some students argued that by viewing other students work, they felt it was more valuable. The main challenge with summative assessment was that some students failed to sit for final examination but it was useful for the formative assessment, as they were able to improve on their weak areas. Feedback is very essential in peer assessment because comprehensive, quality, and timely feedback is very influential in encouraging student learning. In order to enhance opportunities for good feedback, it is significant to ensure that the assessment offers feedback to students on their work progress toward the attainment of learning objectives and outcomes. Feedback will offer students with an opportunity to recognize what they have achieved and how they have been performing (Race, 2002). Further, it will ensure that students have a chance to enhance or improve weak areas as well as justify their final marks of summative assessment. In order to provide opportunity for students, feedback should be timely since if it is provided when summative assessment is near, it will not help the students because the work is already done and they have moved to the next task. There are possible challenges in peer assessment process. For instance, difficulties arise with the reliability and validity of peer assessment. In case of peer review, some students feel that feedback from their fellow student is not valuables and accurate. This is somehow hard to improve because the student’s judgment is hard to change since it depends on many variables affecting learning of students in that particular field. Further, there is a big challenge in the formative assessment offering grades, and less agreement on its value (Biggs, 1999). This is attributed to the doubt in the accuracy of a student since some students have the tendency to under-mark the work of their fellow students. Further, in peer assessment there is the need to recognition of the emotional element such as negative sentiments and feelings that does not concern learning in assessing works of the peers. This kind of assessment, it is faced with the issue of valuable and accurate judgments since there is collusion in giving marks or grades without appropriate reason (Dunlap & Grabinger, 2003). Peer assessment can be problematic because some students may be resistant to it because they feel that they lack past experience to review and assess work of their fellow students, some of them have no self-confidence and are not in a position to make significant judgments on the work of their peers, thus giving inaccurate feedback. The feedback in peer assessment may be compromised in the sense that students may want to settle old problems with their friends and award them low marks, and negative judgment. In addition, via friendship and loyalty, students award higher grades or marks to their friends than warranted (McKeachie, 2007). In order to have a successful peer assessment, each criteria, case, and evidence must be considered. This is because the objectivity and clarity of peer assessment criteria will decide the success of the assessment process. The tutor or teacher should prepare the teacher well for the exercise to assist overcome potential challenges. It is also significant to incorporate students in offering feedback as a secure introduction to peer assessment practice. The tutor should also make sure that students are given enough time to perform this process since they have no immense experience in such a task. References Brown, S., & Knight, P. (1994). Assessing learners in higher education. London: Kogan. Biggs, J. (1999). Teaching for quality learning at University. Buckingham: SHRE and Open University Press. Dunlap, J. C., & Grabinger, S. (2003). Preparing students for lifelong learning: A review of instructional methodologies. Performance Improvement Quarterly, 16 (2), 6-25. Moon, J. (2002). The module and program development handbook: A practical guide to linking levels, learning outcomes and assessment. London: Kogan. McKeachie, W. (2007). Peer review of teaching: A sourcebook. New York, NY: Jossey-Bass. Race, P. (2002). The lecturers’ toolkit. London: Kogan. Rowtree, D. (1977). Assessing students: How shall we know them? London: Harper and Row. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Peer Assessment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Peer Assessment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1462012-peer-assessment
(Peer Assessment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Peer Assessment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words. https://studentshare.org/education/1462012-peer-assessment.
“Peer Assessment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1462012-peer-assessment.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Peer Assessment

Peer Assessment & Evaluation

...?Peer Assessment and Evaluation Indeed, I was successful in introducing the idea to create a prototype system for remotely controlling fridge, freezers, and heating systems. I also made a significant contribution in doing the "Ethics assignment,” "Project Planning, Risks, and Requirements of the remotely controlled temperature regulating system. Although the project was successful, the contribution was not equal and most of the contribution came from me. My contribution to the project involved initiating and startup of the remote control software program that can remotely control the temperature of a freezer or a heating system. More importantly, the application for running the remote system could also be...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Peer to Peer

.... Thus provides a set of nodes if connected by peer. The BOINC platform consist a website that help to maintain the membership and allocate other computer related task. The log in system, account management and payment is managed by the Skype that contains a centralized website. In order to transmit content or other computer applications, resource-intensive is utilized. In fact, centralized P2P system can give organic growth and plentiful resources. However, the same degree of scalability and resilience is not offered. This is due to the availability of potential bottleneck controller forms and initial attack point. The individual organization with the help of controller can easily manage the partly centralized P2P...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Peer to Peer Networks

...Peer to Peer Networks Phanish Chandra Department of Mechanical Engineering The Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India -732101 [email protected] P2P Networks are as old as the Internet itself (D. Milojicic). The original design of the Internet was centered on a Peer-to-Peer system. ARPANET connected its first few hosts as computing peers with equal status and not in a master/slave or client/server relationship. In 90s, it has been known with different names (network computing, distributed computing). Applications like Microsoft's NetMeeting, IRC, and AOL messenger, were always using P2P concepts. The so called early "killer apps" of the Internet, FTP, Telnet and Web, of the Internet made it more and more restricted... to...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Peer Review and credibility assessment

...Peer Review and Credibility Assessment No: Peer Review and Credibility Assessment Organization TheMaterial of the paper discusses the Department of the Homeland security and the various functionalities that are performed to help maintain a higher level of security in the region of United States. It looks like the material well describes the ideas that the essay is based on. The order of the paragraphs is quite formal and creates an interest of the reader in the writing. However, the paper lacks the logical explanations of facts about the 9/11 and corresponding situations. Considering the length of the paper, it seems that the information on the paper is not in an adequate...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Assessment (Portfolio): 2 x 250 word peer-review critique posters

...Critique Posters Critique Posters Autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) represent neurodevelopment disorders typified by difficulties in social interaction, repetitive behaviors, restricted interests, and communication problems. The study utilized method gauging high functioning ASD of 14 individuals and 14 controls in which the IQ and handedness engaged in the experiment. The results implied that differential neurodevelopmental trajectories manifest in individuals with ASD, and some differences linked to diagnostic behaviors. A number of areas were considerably thinner within the autism group considered being the basis of empathic and imitative behavior. Thinning also manifested in areas engaged in facial expression production... Posters...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Analyse the role of peer and self-assessment in the assessment process

...PEER AND SELF-ASSESSMENT By and of Peer and Self-assessment Learning is a process by which people collect and analyse information to come up with a sensible meaning out of them. Learning can take place in many ways. Self-assessment is one of the most effective methods of learning by students. This essay aims at analysing the concept of self-assessment, and how it is among the best learning method for scholars. Self-assessment is a learning method whereby students analyse themselves and their peers. This, in most cases, involves assessment of one’s results in a certain field. It helps one...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Management uncertainty- assessment for Peer Reviewed Reflection

...Uncertainty Management Introduction Dealing with uncertainty is one the major challenges that individuals face in their personal and work lives. Mostpeople are unable to easily deal with uncertain situations as it induces certain amount of change. The resistance to change makes it further difficult for individuals to cope with an uncertain situation (Brashers, 2001). A well perceived change that is set to arise in future, however, reduces the scope of uncertainty and facilitates easy adaptation. In reality, not all uncertain situations can be forecasted. Uncertain situations occur multiple times in the lives of people and it is necessary to show greater acceptance towards the same (Egan, 2013). Successful managers and companies... Management...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Peer to Peer Lending Scheme

...PEER TO PEER LENDING SCHEME PEER TO PEER LENDING SCHEME Introduction Group Lending Club (GLC) primary aim is the implementation of a peer to peer lending system that is more technology driven. They strive to implement and use new software that will be developed by London Agile (LA). Task 1: The role of the Workshop Facilitator and how this role relates to the GLC scenario Campbell McBain is an administrator at Group lending club is and is willing to work as a workshop facilitator. A facilitator is the person who has no decision-making authority, his primary role is to help the group identify and solve problems. The facilitator...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

PEER REVIEW AND SELF ASSESSMENT

...Peer Review and Self-Assessment Affiliation Peer Review My just completed group project was quite successful, although there were instances where I felt like we were not going to make it. My group consisted of four people, that is, Laura, Jennifer, Carolyn and I. Initially, we all found it to a little bit challenging, as we did not know exactly how to go about it or where to begin. However, the problem was solved once we contacted the professor, who gave us clear insight on what to do. In addition, we came up with a way in which were to keep in touch which was through the discussion board. The group strength was that each member had respect for the other, which made it smooth when...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Peer Assessment

...Peer Assessment Peer assessment has enabled my mates and I to improve our social skills. In the past semester, most of our preferred to use peer evaluations in a bid to allow us to mingle and interact with each other. The peer assessment went a long way in fostering unity of purpose among my peers (Pedler 2008). We enjoyed marking each other’s scripts and assigning marks to each other. The peer assessments were very helpful as we learned to mark and assign scores based on the guidelines provided by our tutors. The tutors were also very useful in giving us an insight of...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Peer Assessment for FREE!

Contact Us