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Review and Critique of Diane Ravitch's The Death and Life of the Great American School System - Book Report/Review Example

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A Book Review on Diane Ravitch’s The Death and Life of the Great American School System Review/Critique Questions 1. My Position on the tension Ravitch describes in the book In relation to the changing times today, it is likely that Ravitch argument on the tensions concerning self-directed individualism, individual accountability, and rationalization is probable…
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Book Review and Critique of Diane Ravitchs The Death and Life of the Great American School System
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Download file to see previous pages Relatively, the looming issue concerning those conflicts is the quality of education in the American educational system, with its transitions from one education ideals to another. The transitions that occur in the educational system only drive the changes in the curriculum priorities, which also influence in the changes in the existing teaching procedures. However, in her review on Ravitch’s book, Windhorst (2010) said the viability of teaching accountability and rationalization is more beneficial in today’s society, considering that learning to adapt to social situations is a highly-valued skill today (p. 107). Further, Ravitch’s argument on the conflicting status of the educational system promotes the idea that it is better to develop an individualized method in learning as this will ensure that students would be well equipped in the necessary skills needed to attain global competitiveness. 2. Arguments on Chapter 2 In chapter 2, Ravitch explains the irony between the Republicans and Democrats, particularly in their public policies. Specifically, the No Child Left Behind program, a program of the Republican US President George W. Bush, also receives a positive reception from the Democratic party considering that long-term benefits that it offers to the American youth. The mutual support that the project receives from both political parties is attributable to its capacity to address the goals of both parties, which is the support and strengthen the American youth in their quest for a better education and way of life. Consequently, it is likely that although the two parties do not have common political and social views, they still have common goals for America’s educational system. Further, the No Child Left Behind policy also corresponds to two contemporary educational sociology theories, the political arithmetic and educational accountability. Political arithmetic refers to the naming and classifying of students according to their competencies; this process both segregates the kinds of students in the classroom, which may also generate social stratification (Lather, 2004, p. 765). Further, educational accountability refers to the preferences of independent learning among students through measuring their academic competencies before and after they finish schooling (Antikainen et al., 2011, p. 24). Drawing on the two theories, it is likely that both the Republicans and Democrats support the said policy for the fact that it increases the literacy rate of the American youth and allows the nation to maximize its labor force, in the context of proficiency and competitiveness. 3. Briefly describe and evaluate A Nation at Risk in relation to American Education In A Nation at Risk, the National Commission on Excellence in Education (NCEE) (1983) in Education emphasized the need to support education for all, regardless of social status and race, as this will help strengthen the workforce of America (pp. 112-114). However, the report also considers the increasing professional competencies of America’s competing nations while highlighting the nation’s slackening educational progress. Thus, the bottomline of the report is the need to study an educational design that could heighten the competences of America’ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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