Nobody downloaded yet

Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) Introduction Children in the developmental stages experience different kinds of mood shifts. Expression of anger and defiance is a common behavior among developing children. In fact, these are developmentally appropriate behaviors as they help the children learn to fight for their rights while learning their boundaries and the behaviors others especially elders expect from them…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.4% of users find it useful
Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)"

Download file to see previous pages ODD is not a very common disorder, though a significant population of children suffers from it. “There are various statistics on the incidence of Oppositional Defiant Disorder in the U.S. Numbers range from 2-16% of children and teens in the U.S. have ODD” (Healthy Place, 2012). Children generally start acquiring the ODD at the age of 8 years (Healthy Place, 2012). In a vast majority of cases, children acquire the ODD before the start of teenage, though in certain cases, children may acquire the ODD in the late teenage. The effects of ODD start showing up gradually and aggravate with the passage of time. Causes of ODD A number of theories have surfaced that explain the causes of ODD in children. One of the main causes of ODD in children commonly identified by these theories is the development of temperament in the child and the response made by family to it. Some children have an inherited predisposition to ODD. Children in families where at least one parent contains a history of mood disorder have increased susceptibility to ODD. There is a whole range of parental mood disorder that can make a child vulnerable to ODD. Such mood disorders include but are not limited to conduct disorder, depressive disorder, antisocial personality disorder, attention deficit or hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and substance abuse. Families that frequently migrate from one place to another make it difficult for the children to adjust in the new locality. As a result of this, children express their discomfort through anger and hostility. ODD may also be caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain or because of a head injury. In addition to that, tension between parents may also be a significant cause of ODD in children. In some families, parents have bad terms with each other which affects the psychology of the children in a negative way. In many cases, such tensions lead the marriage to the point of breakup and a child may acquire ODD as a consequence of the divorce between the parents. Symptoms of ODD Differentiating between a child who is just emotional and another child who has ODD is complicated since the display of oppositional behavior is an integral feature of certain stages of development. However, there exists a range between the ODD and the normal oppositional behavior of a child. Children with ODD display a range of behaviors that include but are not limited to stubbornness, rudeness, short-temperedness, frequent defiance from the family principles and rules, placing the blame of their own mistakes on others, resentfulness, and irritability. However, they do not become violent to the physical extent or to the level that they start violating others’ rights. Actually, the hostile behavior of the children with ODD results from their lack of ability to distinguish between the appropriate and inappropriate behaviors. Children with ODD do not realize that they are overreacting or expressing unnecessary anger. Instead, they think that their parents are demanding too much from them or are placing unreasonable demand on them. Accordingly, these children may feel guilty for having done something seriously wrong if they realize. Diagnosis of ODD A psychologist or psychiatrist diagnoses a child with ODD if he/she displayed the symptoms of ODD. There are numerous disorders which may ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) Research Paper”, n.d.)
Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) Research Paper. Retrieved from
(Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) Research Paper)
Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) Research Paper.
“Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) Research Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)

Available Intervention and Treatment for Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Young Children

..., and hostile behavior that usually destroy relationships between people interacting with one another (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). It may be characterized by verbal and physical aggression but it was suggested that high levels of physical aggression may not be required for diagnosis for the Oppositional Defiant Disorder or ODD (Loeber, Burke, Lahey, Winters, & Zerba, 2000). This paper will try to determine the available treatment and intervention options for oppositional defiance disorder among children in order to highlight the options available and for parents to determine which will fit best their children. Purpose It is...
9 Pages(2250 words)Term Paper

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

...? Oppositional Defiant Disorder Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a behavioral condition that canaffect the manner by which children interact with other people in the society. It is one of the main concerns in the medical field because it can affect a significant number of people in the population. The paper is aimed to define and to discuss the symptoms, treatments, and management methods related to ODD. Oppositional Defiant Disorder Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is one of the...
17 Pages(4250 words)Term Paper

Difference between ADHD, Conduct Disorder, Oppositional Defiance Disorder and Antisocial Disorder

...?Running Head: BEHAVIORAL AND ATTENTION DISORDERS Relationships between CD, ODD, and AD, and ADHD Relationships between CD, ODD, and AD, and ADHD The comorbidity between the behavior disorders CD, ODD and AD(conduct disorder, oppositional defiance disorder and antisocial disorder) and ADHD has been, according to Matthys and Lochman (2010), undervalued as an area of inquiry. The study of the connections between behavior disorders and ADHD could provide a better understanding of both sets of issues, however most often studies have been conducted without the acknowledgement...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Oppositional defiant disorder

...? Oppositional Defiant Disorder Oppositional Defiant Disorder is a diagnosis illustrated as an enduring pattern of noncompliant, aggressive and insolent behavior toward influential dignitaries or personage which goes further than the limits and standards of typical childhood behavior. People who have it may appear very willful and often furious. Common features of Oppositional Defiant Disorder or ODD consists of extreme, usually lasting rage, recurrent temper tantrums or angry outbursts, and disregard for authority. Children and adolescents with this...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

...and the clinical features can be identified easily at the age of eight years. It is very uncommon after adolescence. Boys show a greater ratio of this psychiatric disorder as compared to girls up till puberty and after gaining puberty this ratio becomes equal. (Sadock et al 2009). Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) has various underlying causes and risk factors and it presents with different signs and symptoms and it can be identified by the set diagnostic criteria. The risk factors and etiological factors for ODD are not very clear and the family background, hereditary, environmental and social factors are mostly the underlying causes...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

How Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Child Affect the Family System

...How Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Child Affect the Family System Introduction Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a behavioral syndrome that mostly affects kids and adolescents. It is characterized by poor cooperation with the family or friend, high temper, annoying behaviors and negativistic characters. This disease makes the family members or relatives feel worried or anxious. The ODD usually impacts boys highly than girls. The research study indicates that the cause of ODD is not yet well known, but there are two theories explaining the cause behind the disorder...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper


...? Psychometric Review of Children Mental Disorders Detecting Instruments Katrina Evans Adler School of Professional Psychology Mental disorder is serious phenomena that results in antisocial behavior that leads to psychopathic behavior in the latter and the general negative impact on a victim’s life. According to forensic psychology, theoretical conceptualizations of antisocial behaviors in children have changed over the past years. The most common of all instruments for measuring these disorders in children are the Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) and the Conduct Disorder (CD). To cub these alarming...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

... Oppositional Defiant Disorder The psychiatric category of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) was introduced in The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Third Edition (DSM-III). The disorder generated serious scholarly debate in the years following its introduction. Some authors questioned the proclaimed notion that ODD differed sufficiently from normal oppositional behavior to justify its inclusion as a distinct diagnostic category (Rutter & Shaffer, 1980). Another stance suggested the criteria for ODD implied a milder form of conduct...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Oppositional Defiance Disorder

...with more noticeable actions at school or at home. The rate of ODD found in adolescents and school age children is 1-16 percent. The factors that cause ODD are not known however psychological, social and biological factors can play a role in the development of the disorder. Therefore it is essential to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of a child with ODD symptoms since there are chances that the child may have disorders like learning disability, ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, anxiety disorders and mood disorders (bipolar disorder, depression). A comprehensive...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Assessment and treatment of oppositional defiant disorder in adolescent girls: is there a differential treatment for girls and boys

...-Clikerman & Ellison, 2009). Children and adolescent do react when angry or stressed. Some children or adolescent may argue, defy their teachers or parents, or talk back. These characteristics are normal as long as they do not exceed a certain limit. Boys indicate defiant characteristics than girls. This paper seeks to establish difference in treatment given to girls and boys suffering from opposition defiant disorder. Symptoms of Opposition Defiant Disorder Physician definition of ODD states that it is a defiant attitude that a person directs towards the authority. In this case, the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) for FREE!

Contact Us