Issues Affecting Human Rights of a Group of Indigenous People [Instructor Name] Issues Affecting Human Rights of a Group of Indigenous People Introduction When we talk about human rights, it is a subject of entire human presence…
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The position, land and demographics of any particular state decide the spectrum of rights for the people of that particular region (Council of Europe, 2011). From past studies, it can be said that human rights are those associated with people living in a cross-cultural or multi-cultural spectrum. A cross cultural spectrum is the one which could comprise people of different identities like indigenous people. Category of indigenous people is one major category within a multi-cultural system, in which human rights fall at the highest human distinction (An-Na'im, 1995). Talking about Australia, a country of 22 million human population holds a diversified multi cultural system. People who belong to different cultures, casts or identities reside in such cross-cultural country. There are partially several indigenous groups that dwell in different districts of the country. Human rights of indigenous people in Australia are always under the question. This is because of avoidance and negligence given by the government officials in the indigenous section. Concerning Australia, there are mainly two indigenous communities (aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) which are always on the discussion (Kinley, 1998). This is because of their consistent proclaims that government ignores their fundamental native rights in the region (Eniar, 1999). From historical evidences, it can be said that indigenous Australians are truly identical to the continent, as they fall in the geography since 40,000 years ago. Due to a couple of reasons the native Australians often fall behind the human rights appearance, as majority claims them to be a minority within the region. There are couples of issues that relate to native Australians, which would be part of the discussion of this study. Here is a brief introduction of two major communities who became the victims of human right violence in the country: Aboriginals Aboriginal is a name used for native Australians. The word became popular for indigenous Australians who migrated from Southern routes of India to nearby islands of the country. Aboriginals migrated to Australia 50,000 years ago, a time when their forefathers adjusted them to different regions of the continent. For such reason, aboriginals are truly to be called Australians holding original identification and by birth distinction of the place. Their presence can also be found on parallel geographies of the country like in Tasmania or in other adjacent islands (Aboriginal affairs, 2003). Aboriginals face a lot of problems in the continent in which the major problems are about the deprivation of land, social injustice, minority treatment or cultural discrimination. Since the last couple of decades their problems have been increased instead of decreasing which is because of big racist presence within the country region (Aboriginal affairs, 2003). Torres Strait Islanders Torres Strait Islander is another big indigenous community which resides in the northern side of the state of Queensland. Natively they belong to Torres Strait Islands which are places of their ancestors’ origination. It was 40,000 years ago when Torres Strait Indigenous arrived at the continent. It was their expected best place of reside, holding a natural identify of their forefathers’ attribution (Heritage Division, 2010). Torres Strait Islanders are natively true Australians, which according to racist’s communities is not a sufficient factor that can give them their
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............................................................................................................. 3 1.1 Aims of the Study ...................................................................................... 4 1.2 Research Objectives .........
They have an identity as themselves and should be regarded as themselves (Streich 2009). In other words, indigenous communities, peoples and nations are those who have long occupied this world even before invasion or pre-colonial societies. They are distinct from other sectors of the society that dominates in those territories.
Although, the UN has implemented adequate efforts for the proper enforcement of these rights, many situations in the present world can still be considered as examples of violations of the basic principles of these rights. The scenario of international trade is one such situation where the developed countries still exercise their authority and prevent many of the underdeveloped nations from participating fairly in commercial exchanges.
The principal cause of the dilemma involving transnational business corporations and human rights violations is the vacuum in governance created by globalization. Multinational companies transacting across borders may circumvent the framework of governance imposed by national law, because the parties of to the contract or transaction are not totally within the rule of one nation.
This can be seen in many countries within Latin America. To be able to understand these issues, it is necessary to look at a brief history of Latin America political and economic history. About five centuries ago, European arrived in the Latin America and this changed the socioeconomic and socio-political landscape in most parts of Latin America.
Thesis In spite of old beliefs and unique healing practices, the culture of Australian indigenous population has a negative impact on their health and rates of incurable diseases and deaths.
Australian indigenous population follows century old traditions which do not allow them to determine illnesses and find effective cures for most of them.
Many groups, especially those living in Amazonia were known to practice agriculture and aquaculture. It is apparent that, they were active farmers and for this reason, there are credited to have contributed heavily to the cultivation of flora
Moreover, the basic functions in which human rights were created to serve were to ensure equality among men in different spheres of life, and endowed individuals with an opportunity to have life, liberty and happiness in all corners of the planet.