Nobody downloaded yet

Adult Education Theory and Practice at the College Level - Assignment Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Without appropriate paradigms of useful strategy for teaching and learning in adult education, universities and colleges will keep on facing difficulties.One of the major challenges to higher education is dealing with the stereotypes about adult learners. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.8% of users find it useful
Adult Education Theory and Practice at the College Level
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Adult Education Theory and Practice at the College Level"

Download file to see previous pages The rationale for these stereotypes is fully embedded. Nevertheless, to the extent that they have a major justification, it appears to fall roughly along the subsequent assumptions: adult learners do not have up to date formal education; as a result, they may lack the necessary study or learning skills. Consequently, they will have a tendency to use less useful techniques of learning in college. In addition, they may show heightened learning difficulties and deficits as an outcome of age-specific weaknesses in intellectual capacities. This paper aims to challenge all of these stereotypes about adult learners and come up with an appropriate approach to adult education at the college level. Adult Development: Cognitive and Intellectual Factors It is possible to develop a unifying model of intelligence that takes into consideration the factors of traditional process, but a broader range of cognitive factors, alongside areas of interest and personality. The below diagram illustrates one paradigm, referred to as PPIK- for ‘intelligence-as-process, personality, interest, and intelligence-as-knowledge’ (Smith & Pourchot, 1998, 151). According to Ackerman (1996), this paradigm merges these four roots of individual-differences variation to produce individual differences in stages of work-related and academic knowledge. This paradigm not merely describes a transition from process to knowledge, but describes as well the possible interconnection between knowledge acquisition and interests and personality. Figure 1. Ackerman’s PPIK diagram (Smith & Pourchot, 1998, 152) For adults, however, this paradigm presents a way for connecting traditional intelligence measures with correct intellectual skills and knowledge measures. Specifically, even though measures of traditional intelligence may somewhat explain adult learning, an appropriate evaluation of adult knowledge necessitates evaluation of adult intellect (Rubenson, 2011). Several knowledge components can be sufficiently assessed using current rankings of occupational competence and college-level proficiency, yet these rankings only start to recognize adult intelligence (Ackerman, 1996). Nevertheless, by employing an integrated assessment method that allows for traditionally evaluated interests, personality, and intellect, a more inclusive assessment of adult intelligence could be achievable. Furthermore, one can also integrate features of motivational abilities into the developmental paradigm (Merriam, Caffarella, & Baumgartner, 2007) since they affect the relationship between knowledge acquisition and interest. There are three particular uses of intellectual evaluation for the purposes of adult education, that is, selection, categorization, and teaching. The PPIK model proposes a number of capable uses all over these three application domains. Selection. The PPIK model of adult intelligence, to begin with, indicates that assessment of adult academic achievement will be enhanced when evaluations are performed on individual differences in important knowledge components, instead of the conventional college admission tests. Because of knowledge acquisition’s developmental evolution, according to Smith and Pourchot (1998), older adults may be predicted to score higher than younger adults on intelligence exams, an outcome that is in agreement with the findings that older adults are predisposed to achieve higher in postsecondary classes than younger adults with the same scores on usual college admission exams, like the American College Testing (ACT). Categorization. The mission of locating the most favorable area of interest for adults going back to school ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Adult Education Theory and Practice at the College Level Assignment”, n.d.)
Adult Education Theory and Practice at the College Level Assignment. Retrieved from
(Adult Education Theory and Practice at the College Level Assignment)
Adult Education Theory and Practice at the College Level Assignment.
“Adult Education Theory and Practice at the College Level Assignment”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Errickson adult development theory health care research. This concept is of utmost importance to integrative health practitioners and alternative medicine doctors. On a community level for public health welfare, active ageing means that older peoples’ life competencies are utilized to the fullest as an asset for community development. In order to cope with stresses and frustrations at the last stage of the lifecycle, intergenerational solidarity is required (Vogel-Scibilia et al, 2009). To shape health practices according to Erikson’s theory, it can be argued that hospitals and health institutes should have intergenerational platforms where the old adults come in contact with the young...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Adult education
...-reliant approach in which an adult learner is an independent and active party to the learning process. Understanding the shift in self-concept is important among educators because implementing a learning strategy that fails to recognize a learner’s desired level of independence may communicate oppression and compromise effectiveness of the learning process. Transitions across cognitive development stages supports validity of the change in self-concept at adult learning stage because each developmental stage marks increased learning potential that identifies learners abilities to learn on their own. The cognitive development theory supports independence...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment
College Education
...College Education With spiraling costs of college education, a lot of high school students feel discouraged about continuing into higher education. The idea of beginning to earn money, and supporting oneself right after high school can be very appealing too. In such a situation, students often ask themselves:why stay in college? What does it have on offer that one should not pass up? First of all, it is all about opportunity. Once you know the kind of career you would like, the right college can add a lot of value, it provides added income opportunities. Lets us look at some simple figures: according to the U.S. Department of Labor, approximately 90 percent of the fastest-growing jobs of the future will require some sort... of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
College Education
...Please your reasons for transferring to Penn. If this is not your first change in colleges, explain your reasons for the previous transfer. An evaluation of your college education to date and why your educational goals may be better served at Penn should be addressed. If you have not been enrolled in school continuously since high school graduation, please indicate how you have spent your time. Deliberating on which university I should consider applying to is one of the most significant decisions I ever have to make. Recognizing that the choice of university will largely determine the quality of education that I will be attaining, I strive to choose one...
2 Pages(500 words)Admission/Application Essay
Adult education
...out learning opportunities. For most adults, learning is a means to an end, not an end in itself. They seek learning because they have a use for the knowledge or skill. Expectations for practical application are primary motivators; increasing or maintaining one's sense of self-esteem and pleasure are secondary motivators. Educators must take advantage of the "teachable moment." Adults tend to prefer single-concept, single-theory courses that focus heavily on applying a concept to a relevant problem. Comprehensive and survey courses are of less interest. Adults need to be able to integrate new ideas with what they already know if...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay
College education
...College Education Texas has tuition subsidies for higher education. For in tuition for colleges and universities is lower than for out-of-state students. There are loans, grants, and scholarships to help students afford a college education. Tax payers contribute to the subsidy even though they may not have any children or they may have no probability of attending higher education institutions themselves. I believe that it is fair and it is proper usage of tax revenues. Living in a state, it would benefit to have all of the citizens to have the children of their state obtain a higher education degree....
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Adult Learning Theory: Andragogy
...Adult learning theory: Andragogy “Andragogy is the true method of adult learning ... life itself is the adults school.” Martha Anderson & Eduard Lindeman, Education Through Experience (1927). Adult learning is described as both - highly complex as well as deceptively simple, at times, and forms one the most essential elements of an individuals everyday living which help them in understanding, deciphering and implementing the knowledge acquired through learning in their everyday lives. The term Andragogy is used to define the concept of learning among adults. It was first used by a German educator,...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
...September 7, Blackboard Post: Continued Discussion of Community The community that was previously described was composed of out-of-school youths, predominantly female and who opted to be actively involved in an adult educational workshop to develop entrepreneurial skills. As such, this small community conforms to the description of a social organization in terms of the Six Master Processes, as shown below: 1. Communication: Open communication pattern between participants and program promoters and educators were evidently applied. 2. Boundary Maintenance: This aspect is depicted through the perceived barrier between the authority and knowledge manifested by the...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment
Adult education post
... September 7, Responses to Exercise 3: Approaches to Program Planning As one had an experience for program planning as a volunteer in the Adult Education Workshop Program, the experience provided me with vast learning opportunities in terms of identifying program participants (out-of-school youths), ways to reach or contact and invite them, and assist in using the pragmatic or practical approach. As disclosed in the chapter, the pragmatic or practical approach to program planning which integrates ““real-world constraints,” (and) takes into consideration the continuing changing conditions and the complexity of practice” (Caffarella 11), in conjunction with the conventional or traditional approach. The main program planners have... ...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment
Adult learning theory and practice
...Adult Learning Theory and Practice Since I pursued my undergraduate and graduate degrees recently, my interactions are highly based on communicating with the students and the teachers. During that time, I recognized that it is quite necessary that the teachers get involved in making interactions with the students to improve their communication skills and recognize their respective strengths along with weaknesses. In this regard, Cooper (n.d.) affirmed that the transformation theory emphasizes inducing required changes within the learners. Besides, in the learning environment, the theory is deemed to be integral for eradicating the issue of interpersonal...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Assignment on topic Adult Education Theory and Practice at the College Level for FREE!
Contact Us