Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Critique of the Article Evaluating Workplace English Programs - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Education: Critique of the article “Evaluating Workplace English Programs.” This review is chosen because it deals with an issue that I have observed often in my own working experience: the low quality of assessment that occurs in many workplace learning situations, both at the outset of a program and at its conclusion…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96% of users find it useful
Critique of the Article Evaluating Workplace English Programs
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Critique of the Article Evaluating Workplace English Programs"

Download file to see previous pages The authors set the context for the article by describing a boom in the provision of workplace English classes which occurred between 1988 and 1994 when the US Department of Education committed some 133 million dollars to such programs with a view to “better the workers’ reading, writing, and communication skills, which would lead to improved worker productivity.” (Ekkens and Winke, 2006, p. 267) The funding ceased, leaving individual companies with the costs of continuing this initiative, and also with the task of ensuring the suitability and the quality of provision for their own specific needs. While larger companies can afford to hire a specialist service provider to deliver and monitor programs, smaller companies are often in some difficulty with this complex task. The article addresses the need to identify practical and efficient ways of judging the progress that workplace learners of English make. One issue which causes difficulty is the proliferation of standardized tests which could be used to evaluate workplace English programs. The authors list five professionally produced and standardized tests, each of which specifies that training in the testing method must be undertaken before the tests are administered. This in turn implies high costs either in training such personnel or in hiring such staff to undertake the work. The focus of these five is national and general, rather than local and specific which raises the issue of whether they are in fact at all suitable for the needs of small and tightly focused companies which may have priorities and conditions quite different from those of the national testing bodies. So far the authors have outlined the context well, and have identified some of the practical difficulties that practitioners in the field encounter. The literature review at the start of the article summarizes the work of Sticht (1999) on the gap between what testing systems test, and what participants in English language courses and their companies actually require in terms of day to day demands of the job. A case is made for more personalized assessment methods such as “portfolios, journals, observations checklists, ans diaries” (Ekkens & Winke, 2006, p. 269) following research with a pedagogic rather than quality control focus (Huerta-Macias, 1995; Grognet, 1996 and 1997; Shohamy, 2001). Although this research shows that there are clear benefits for individual learners, in terms of becoming more aware of and taking responsibility for their own learning progress, and there are some other advantages such as a rise in learner self-esteem, the authors note that these methods take more time to develop, operate and score, and most significant of all for workplace learning providers, they are often not recognized by funding bodies. Critics of these alternative assessment methods maintain that they are too subjective and therefore unreliable as measures of progress or predictors of workplace success (Brantmeier, 2006). The authors cite an interesting article by Peirce, Swain and Hart (1993) but do not take full account of this article’s insights, albeit in a context of Swedish students learning French, into the serious discrepancy that exists between learners’ own assessment when compared with formal tests. The article formulates the research question very ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Critique of the Article Evaluating Workplace English Programs Essay”, n.d.)
Critique of the Article Evaluating Workplace English Programs Essay. Retrieved from
(Critique of the Article Evaluating Workplace English Programs Essay)
Critique of the Article Evaluating Workplace English Programs Essay.
“Critique of the Article Evaluating Workplace English Programs Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Critique of the Article Evaluating Workplace English Programs

Laterality Differences in Native Arabic Speakers and English Speakers

... Laterality Differences in Native Arabic Speakers and English Speakers Summary of Results and Discussion Tabular Summary of Results English language test (ELT) Arabic language test (ALT) Comparison between both English (ELT) and Arabic (ALT) tests LEP REP LEP REP LEP REP 1a. Arabic language speakers No significant difference between LEP and REP Average scores for REP is significantly greater than average scores for LEP No significant difference ALT average score is significantly greater than ELT average score 1b. English language speakers Average score for REP is significantly greater than average score for LEP No significant difference between LEP and REP ALT average score is significantly greater than ELT average score...
6 Pages(1500 words)Article

Workplace Communication and Content Theories of Motivation

...Workplace Communication and Content Theories of Motivation Motivation is the desire and ambition within an individual that drives him towards the achievement of his goals (Stringfellow, 2012). It is a force that inspires and encourages individuals into doing their best. Motivation comes about as a result of three factors: desire/need intensity, the goal value and finally the individual’s expectations. Maslow’s needs hierarchy is very sensible in that the lower needs (psychological) have to be satisfied first before having a look at the higher one (Borkowski, 2008)s. For instance, if our bodies are mentally/physically impaired, are not likely to work and thus we cannot achieve. According to the ERG Theory Maslow’s hierarchy seems...
1 Pages(250 words)Article

From Evaluating a Skilled Care Initiative in Rural Burkina Faso to Policy Implications for Safe Motherhood in Africa

...From evaluating a Skilled Care Initiative in Rural Burkina Faso to Policy Implications for Safe Motherhood in Africa The theoretical framework that guides the study presented in the article is that skilled attendance is regarded as being among the most important strategies of intervention for safe motherhood, especially in low-pressure settings. It analyses the role of safe motherhood policy in reducing cases of maternal and perinatal mortality. With the view of user fees in perspective, accessibility of public resources that would ensure safe delivery to reduce these mortalities is limited. This framework views human as being laggards in accepting new changes in the society, since most women still refrain from attending health care...
2 Pages(500 words)Article

Article Critique

...Rethinking Procrastination: Positive Effects of “Active” Procrastination Behavior on Attitudes and Performance – Article Critique of Submission Variables 1. What is (are) the independent variables? The independent variables of the study are academic procrastination and active procrastination, where active procrastination can be identified as an opposite of passive procrastination because the procrastinator has the ability to execute his/her decisions in a manner which is timely (Chu and Choi, 2005). 2. What is (are) the dependent variables? The dependent variables of the study are 1) time structure 2) purposive use of time 3) perceived time control 4) self-efficacy 5) extrinsic motivation 6) intrinsic motivation 7) task coping 8) emotion...
5 Pages(1250 words)Article

Evaluating Teachers Unions

...Evaluating Teachers’ Unions Are Teachers’ Unions A Solution Or An Impediment To Education Improvement? Teachers are the key drivers of the education sector; they bear innumerable responsibilities all aimed at improving the future of students and hence improving the whole society. The British Columbia Teachers’ Federation (BCTF) and the Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE) (2009) Joint Paper outline a long list of teachers’ roles and responsibilities. Some of their roles and responsibilities include: designing and planning learning and instructional programs, and delivering these programs in an effective and objective-oriented manner (BCTF & CUPE, 2009). They also discover and develop individual skills and talents in students...
8 Pages(2000 words)Article

English as the Official Language of the United States

..., and Ukraine, 90 percent. The results of the survey are never new, people around the world, especially parents are aware that English is the global language that every person needs to learn in order to succeed. That is why the American government is declaring English as their official language. However, why still need to declare a policy that is already happening? The answer is simple; the use of English in schools, workplaces and government offices is drawing back because of too many immigrants. Teaching English in schools and University will not rob students of their linguistic choices but will provide them quality education and access to American culture. The author used quantitative surveys as the basis of writing the article...
7 Pages(1750 words)Article

Bullying at Workplace

...Bullying at Workplace This literature discusses various theoretical and conceptual views on the topic Bullying at Work place and has tried to analyze it. As per the Oxford advanced learner’s dictionary fourth India edition bullying means: “frightening or hurting weaker person.” In an organization bullying can be from managers co-workers, or subordinates.” Bullying may be characterized as offensive, intimidatory, malicious or insulting behaviour an abuse or misuse of power through means intended to undermine, humiliate ,denigrate or injure the recipient.” (Advice Leaflet – Bullying and Harassment at Work: Guidance for Employees). From various articles published in this subject it can conclude that bullying has to be seen from two...
10 Pages(2500 words)Article

English Pronouncing Dictionary by Daniel Jones

The perspectives of linguists have unimportant or no influence on the general public, who keeps on looking to grammars and manuals, and dictionaries as specialists on ‘correct’ usage. For instance, if dictionary-makers or lexicographers exert effort to eliminate all hints of bias from their work and decline to classify specific usages as ‘slang’ and others as ‘colloquial’, there would be the conceivable public protest. A case in point is Robert Burchfield’s rendition of the classic Modern English Usage by Fowler which received numerous complaints on the basis that his recognition of contemporary developments in usage promotes ‘wrong application’ of language (Aarts &...

17 Pages(4250 words)Article

Evaluating Methods used for Establishing Quality

...Evaluating Methods used for Establishing Quality Methods of establishing quality are some of the most important aspects of research. They are normally viewed as integral to the validity of a research project and help to prove that whoever carried out a particular research took time to plan and implement whatever he or she had formulated before embarking on a research project (Creswell, 2007). In this paper, we will focus on a particular study (a doctoral study) and examine whether the person who conducted the study made good use of the various methods that can be used to establish quality in any work of research. In order to do this, we will employ the use of three different but very crucial evaluation criteria. These include whether...
2 Pages(500 words)Article

Debate Surrounding the Standard and the Non-Standard English Language

... language. The utterances indeed have a correct statement in another type of the language. Therefore, the understanding of one form of English should not be through a process of evaluating and comparing it with another form but understood that each form of English is distinct in its uniqueness and form with its different application rules. The only alteration between Standard English and the Non-standard English variations is largely in the structural differences. A Perfect example of the case evidences how Standard English and African-American English are viewed by the general public” (Mufwene, n.p.). Thus, it means that both forms of English are correct in their different utterances, and not gauged in which one is more correct...
6 Pages(1500 words)Article
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Critique of the Article Evaluating Workplace English Programs for FREE!

Contact Us