This study analyzes the effects of standardized tests both on the schools and on the teaching and learning process and focuses on the meanings on test scores, and whether the increasing scores reflect the school’s testing preparation practices, emphasis on basic skills, and its efforts towards renewing instructions. …
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Phelps (2005) continues to argue that through standardized testing, school administrations are better placed to evaluate if what they assess is in line with the provisions of the policy makers of education. In this case, standardized tests can be described to be of benefit to schools in terms of setting what needs to be assessed and how the tests can be manipulated to improve education. Standardized tests have also been credited for their ability to set aside measures for assessing the standards of education being offered in the schools. According to Plank (2009) standardized tests are an interpretation of the standards in which schools operate within, with the results of these tests giving a clear indication of the concepts being taught in that particular educational setting. In essence standardized tests set the standards that educators should aspire to achieve in the quest to deliver effective teaching and learning among the learners. On another point of view, standardized tests assess the accountability of the entire school programs in terms of learning and teaching (Bussert-Webb, 2000).Through standardized tests, educators are very keen in terms of the kind of programs they offer, and if it adds a positive to learning in the classroom setting. The results of these tests have over the years been reshaped to instill change in the educational system. However, this aspect requires a lot of monitoring and inclusion of incentives, for instance rewards on teachers, to see to it that reforms are put in place in the educational system. On another point of view, other studies indicate that testing has very minimal effects on the teaching and learning. This, according to Plank...
This research will begin with the statement that the educational system requires the incorporation of tests so as to visualize if the contents of the educational system are well understood by the beneficiaries of teaching and learning. It is evident that the educational system has been facing a myriad of changes that led to the demand for putting in place measures that would cater for all the demands of the educational system. One of the themes that have been faced with a lot of debates in the educational sector relates to testing and measurement of learners’ ability in the educational setting. As a result of this theme, the need to come up with methodologies that would allow for understanding and awareness regarding what aspects need to be evaluated and how the evaluation process should take place has been on the policy makers of the educational system. Indeed, various analysts and researchers of concern with the educational sector have shown a lot of interests on the efficiency of the strategies used to train students and assess their mastery of concepts taught in the classroom setting. In light to this argument, it is of great importance that educators deal with the challenge facing them regarding formulating a standardized approach of assessing learner ability and how they can get involved in dealing with the challenges that come along with the tests subjected to the learners. Conclusively, tests and assessment play a vital role in the teaching and learning process.
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Hence, it is natural for everyone to expect that the tests should be bias free in its design. However, in the field of education, the validity and ‘fairness’ of ‘standardized tests’ have been a matter of controversy since a long time. Students who appear for tests, parents, teachers and some educators think that standardized testing is unfair and does not do justice to the innate potential of students.
According to Armstrong (), MI theory emphasizes the innumerable ways in which people show their capabilities related to different intelligences. Teaching strategies based on the MI theory advocate that the learning environment should involve the student in an experience from real life.
Large percentage of those in college either did the SAT tests or ACT tests. Many people claim that these two types of test test more on knowledge rather that capability. Validity of this statement varies from one individual to the other. This is because different students have different skills in taking the tests.
Communication barriers are, however, external factors that may have intrinsic effects on a student to affect performance by either encouraging or discouraging the student. Font types and font sizes with which test questions are presented are identified to elicit different responses among students and readers in general.
These religions acknowledge that human beings were created in the image of God and thus are equal. Therefore, nobody is greater than the other. Moreover, most constitutions of the world and especially the American Constitution recognize that even though not everybody was born free and equal, every person is made equal to another, and thus every man is the image of the other (Crossley 1).
These tests are used to measure the level and status of the student’s learning. It measures what the students have learnt and how.
The system of standardized testing was introduced in the era of the World
It is utilized to focus person accomplishment, development, and advancement. On the other hand, standardized testing was not generally utilized for literally the same purposes it is today, nor was it as imperative and as intensely depended on by our
According to the report learning standards are straight to the point, with written descriptions of what scholars are required to learn and be talented to do at a particular point of their training. Educational standards illustrate learning objectives; these include what scholars have learned by the end of class, both grade level and grade span.
Test anxiety expression involves three processes; individual’s physiology, cognition and the way of conduct. Physiological reactions may be comprised of increase in heart beat and blood pumping, cognition may include stigma from the society and behavior may include
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