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Print. Anand, Mizala, and Repetto examine if providing vouchers for low-income students in Chile would have an impact on their academic achievement. They used the standardized test called the SIMCE (Educational Quality Measurement System). Their study included the 2002 SIMCE data, where tests are provided to fourth graders. Findings show that students in fee-charging private voucher schools had slightly higher scores than students in public schools. The difference in standardized test scores accounted for 10 points, a test score gain of 0.2 standard deviations. Furthermore, there was no difference in the academic achievement of students in the private voucher-fee charging treatment group and students in free private voucher schools. This study shows that low-income students had better performance in private schools than their counterparts in public schools. It will be added to the part of the paper, where I discuss World Comparative Studies. Since it is set in Chile, it provides a different perspective than studies done in the U.S. Aslam, Monazza. “The Relative Effectiveness of Government and Private Schools in Pakistan: Are Girls Worse Off?” Education Economics 17.3 (2009): 329-354. Print. Aslam wants to know if Pakistani households spend less on girls through differential school-kind enrollment and if this has implications for the quality of education received by Pakistani women. She used the Pakistan Integrated Household Survey and conducted a school-based survey in Lahore district in Punjab province, Pakistan from 2002 to 2003 to answer her research questions. Findings show that boys are sent more to private schools than girls. Private schools, she assessed, provide better quality education, in terms of mathematics and literacy. She concludes that girls are in the losing team, when household expenditures and quality of schooling are considered. This study is important to Women Studies. It shows the grave disparity in academic performance and access to education between female and male students, because of gender and cultural factors. Bandyopadhyay, Madhumita and Ramya Subrahmanian. “Gender Equity in Education: A Review of Trends and Factors.” CREATE Pathways to Access. Research Monograph No. 18 (2008). United Kingdom: UK Department for International Development (DFID). Print. Bandyopadhya and Subrahmanian assess the rate of participation of children in elementary education in India, with concentration on the aspect of gender equity. Their findings matched Aslam's study. Bandyopadhya and Subrahmanian observe that girls are sent more to government schools that are perceived as lower quality, while boys are sent more to private schools. Girls also drop out at higher rates and perform more poorly in these public schools than boys in private schools, because of poor gender mainstreaming practices that provide to female needs and concerns, such as security and restroom facilities. Bandyopadhya and Subrahmanian blame the Indian government for its lack of political power in addressing gender gaps in access to quality education. This article is also considered part of Women's Studies. It underscores the importance of culture and government intervention in providing quality public education. Culture affects school-type preferences of households and how women and men “should be” educated. Braunstein, Elissa. “The Feminist Political Economy of the Rent-Seeking Society: An Investigation of Gender Inequality and Economic Growth.” Journal of Economic Issues (Association for Evolutionary Economics) 42.4 (2008): 959-979. Print. Braunstein uses neoclassical growth literature to show that gender equity impacts economic growth. Her article shows that gender equity
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(“Public Education versus Private Education: An Annotated Bibliography Research Paper”, n.d.)
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(Public Education Versus Private Education: An Annotated Bibliography Research Paper)
“Public Education Versus Private Education: An Annotated Bibliography Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1390377-which-is-better-private-school-education-or-public.
Borugian, M., Spinelli, J., Mezei, G., Wilkins, R., Abanto, Z., and McBride, M. (2005). Childhood leukemia and socioeconomic status in Canada. Epidemiology, 16 (4), 526-531. Employing quantitative techniques, Borugian et al. (2005) provided evidence of an association between socioeconomic status and childhood asthma.
As stated by the authors, “the studies reveal that TORAP (Tool for Rapid Risk Assessment in Petroleum refinery and Petrochemical industries) enables a user to quickly focus on the accidents likely to occur, and enables forecasting the nature and impacts of such accidents” (259).
The article relates to the research in a sense that it talks about the key domains of the service oriented architecture within the context of software engineering practice. The authors of the article have presented a fractal software development model that enable service oriented modeling and architecture method to come up with a new approach that goes beyond the cycle of software development.
This source examines the emergence of cyber charter schools in the United States as an alternative to public schools. The source seeks to explore the growing interest in cyber charter schools in light of their merits to the general process of education. Precisely, the source focuses on the emergence of these schools in light of the development of virtual learning in the United States.
For quite some time, the connection to and attitude of U.S. citizens towards public education has been rather contradictory. For an illustration, while many support and fight for publicly supported education, this support does not go further than this with regards to the public functions attached to education.
Being enrolled at a private educational institution provides considerable advantages. The foremost advantage every private school can offer is the higher standard of education. In private schools, students are more challenged to exert more effort in studying in order to meet higher criteria of grade point averages.
The authors have also marked few limitations of the article in evaluating wholesome purposes of middleware software in generating software applications for computing devices.
The author in this article provides an in-depth analysis of Middleware
Relevant to cyber culture as the article discusses how many of today’s youth are much more advanced in cyber bullying tactics than adults. Cyber culture has influenced lifestyles, methods of learning and communication with peers.
In a poll
The book is not updated since it was printed along time so that, it does not cover the emerging trends in sex education. The author arranged the book very systematic, and it is extremely simple to locate the topics you need.
The book written by Davis explores