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RFID Essay [Date] [Word Count] [Name of Student] [Name of Institution] Introduction Long queues are perhaps the major challenge for both retail stores and their customers. Fortunately, long queues could be a thing of the past if retail shops deploy a technology referred to as Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags to replace the Universal Product Code (UPC) system currently used on consumer products…
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Instead, each item put in a cart is communicated to an electronic reader and rung instantly. Once the reader receives the communication about the items picked it connects to a larger network then sends the same information to the retailers and the manufacturers of the items picked. After being notified, the manufacturers and retailers inform the shopper’s bank and the cost of the goods bought are deducted from the shopper’s account. Although initially majorly used to track cattle, RFID is today used to track consumer products from the moment they are manufactured to the time they reach the shopping cart. The other uses to which the RFID technology is put include tracking airline passengers, vehicles, pets and Alzheimer's patients. Its advantages notwithstanding, RFID technologies have been criticized by privacy watchers as it may be exploited by individuals and agencies to infringe on the privacy of the public by tracking peoples’ preferences and tastes. Worth noting is that research has shown that more than 60 percent of businesses have not yet started on RFID tagging technologies. In addition, research reports indicate that even the businesses that have implemented RFID have only done so to satisfy customer compliance demands. That is, these businesss have not rolled out their RFID programs to enhance warehouse and logistics operations. Wal-Mart is one of the consumer products outlets that have previously trial to roll out a RFID program to avoid the hustling resulting from queues and other disadvantages of the Universal Product Code. This paper explores the reasons that hinder RFID deployment in Wal-Mart and the differences between the firm’s attempts to deploy the program. Wal-Mart-Case Study Wal-Mart is among the first retail outlets to try implementing RFID on its consumer goods as early as 2003. However, the plan to implement the ambitious RFID plan targeting the firm’s clothing goods would later be rolled out in 2005. First to be tagged with the Electronic Product Code (EPC) in the form of RFID in 2003 were the firm’s 3 Wal-Mart distribution centers in Texas1. Unfortunately, these plans rapidly fizzled, forcing Wal-Mart to look to other suppliers for the right value proposition. On realizing that they were absorbing the extra tagging costs, the suppliers of WalMart’s RFID tagging pushed back. Since the RFID tagging initiative by the firm seemed lacking and faced myriad challenges, it shifted its focus on other priorities such as sustainability and changes in the management of its inventory. Later, the firm would start a small scale RFID tagging at its Sam’s Club warehouse club chain where it started by tagging only at the pallet level and charged back the suppliers who did not RFID-compliance. Unfortunately, this program also flopped in early 2009. The failure of this program frustrated not only Wal-Mart but also other top level consumer goods outlets such as Procter & Gamble and Kimberly-Clark as the end-to-end supply chain visibility benefits offered by using RFID were stopped. Similarly affected were the manufacturers of RFID Tags and software firms that had rather high expectations of the Wal-Mart rollout program. Current RFID Tagging Programme There seems to be another gold-rush opportunity for these supply chain stakeholders affected by the stalling of the earlier rollout plans by
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As may be inferred from Phipps and Merisotis’ (1999) argument, online education is an opportunities’ equaliser to the extent that it offers prospective learners from the four corners of the globe the chance to study in and graduate from reputable universities of their choice, eliminating time and space constraints and challenges because it takes the educational environment to the learner and allows the former to design his/her educational programme around his/her time.
Online education has the potential to be an education opportunities’ equaliser but, in practical terms, it has not realised that potential yet. This statement is borne out by Gilbert’s (2001) contention that available statis...
On the other hand, this research is rather indicative of the first trends characterized by the expansion of e-commerce globally. E-commerce has become today the main ‘tool’ for the development of business activities even for companies that were traditionally related to specific regions or companies that have rejected primarily the e-commerce as a ‘tool’ for the increase of their performance. On the other hand, it should be admitted that the USA is the country where is e-commerce has been chosen as a primary tool of the trade for business activities. Other countries around the world are also participating actively in the use of e-commerce as a valuable entrepreneurial strategic tool. It should be noticed how...
The value of total E-Commerce transactions in the major economic sectors1 in the US went up for approximately 78.7% between 2000 and 20042as Manufactures and Merchant Wholesaler depended the greatest on E-Commerce whereas Retailers increased their use of E-Commerce at the highest rapidity. In 2004, E-Commerce grew faster than total economic activity in three of the four major economic sectors, which indicated E-Commerce has been gradually changing the way organizations operate, as well as the consumers’ shopping habits. Looking ahead, it is generally expected that E-Commerce will gain a substantial share of trade between market participants, although it is difficult, at least at this stage, to commensurate the exact extent o...
The following website presents news and trends regarding e-commerce: http://www.ecommerce-guide.com/solutions/customer_relations/article.php/10363_3368001. The significance of this website is the fact that addresses potential or existing entrepreneurs. In this context, the above website can be used by anyone who is interested in entering e-commerce – even if he/ she is at his/ her first steps within the business area. Moreover, the particular website provides solutions to all common problems that an entrepreneur may face if entering the e-commerce sector. Google should be characterized as a quite successful online business. The particular firm has achieved significant growth since its first establishment. In fact, throu...
The globalization movement created a greater need to determine the equivalent valuation of monetary units also referred to as the exchange rate in order to execute a trade of goods among nations. Currency exchange is the trade value of one unit of currency into another currency which is required to facilitate the trade of goods and services among nations. For example, as of January 9, 2008, the currency exchange market value of one Euro was 1.47 US dollars (Yahoo, 2008). The exchange is a market mechanism that is very instrumental in the monetary policy of the nation. Both the developing nations and a developed nation must instill a sound monetary unit strategy to create a stable currency that is both liquid and valuable in the ma...
Web services share business logic, data, and processes through a programmatic interface across a network (Kaye, 2003).
This becomes a platform for business that takes place across the internet in ways that were previously unimagined. E-commerce is much like regular commerce except that the markets have expanded and the competition has become global instead of local or even regional. Web services allow people from across the world to engage in business and the few barriers which remain for truly global commerce are being removed with automated language translators and website optimization techniques that allow users from different locations to view the web as they prefer to view it. All of these developments are takin...
Airlines offer all travel-related services and aim to make its website a one-stop solution for all travel-related needs. Thirdly, they can offer cheaper solutions as customers can directly book through the website which eliminates the role of the agent or a broker. They cater to the segment that is looking for international travel quickly and simply without any frills and services (CIM, 2005).
People from many European countries do not follow English and hence to attract and remain competitive, EasyJet has offered services through their website in all the European languages. This lends a personal touch to the services offered and the customers can, from the comfort of their home or workplace make all their bookings. The...
and Malaysia Airways homepage (see appendix 4,5,6) provides the user with an overview of their whole site, which is vitally important as (Nielsen, 2008) explains "The homepage is your companys face to the world." As recommended by Nielsen (2008) Easy Jet, British Airways and Malaysia Airways have used a tagline to capture and communicate the essence of the company; making the sites purpose immediately clear. Their logo is also apparent, boosting brand awareness, differentiating identity from competitors and providing familiarity to users. It can be found in the top left hand corner of the homepage, showing standard HTML conventions have been adopted. Easy Jet, British Airways and Malaysia Airways use standard hyperlinks, tab...
If this theory was seriously followed, it would suggest that the citizens must opt for the president, the legislators, as well as the judges. However, the framers identified certain realistic problems in making all the offices elective. Especially, the judicial branch would face problems because the typical person does not have knowledge about what qualifications judges ought to have. Judges must have great capability, but also not have any political pressures. While federal judges are selected for life, their philosophy will not be inclined via the president who appoints them or the senators whose permission the president will take.
All the arguments were generated due to his past life as he was in an aristocratic fami...
...Research Proposal: Validating Late Mover Advantages in e-commerce: Evidence from Selected Companies Table of Contents
Table of Contents 1
Project Aim 4
Research Hypothesis 5
Research Questions 5
Ethical Considerations 6
Literature Review 6
Research Methodology 9
Phenomenological Paradigm 9
Positive Paradigm 9
Deductive vs. Inductive Research 10
Data Collection Techniques 10
Proposed Research Methodology 11
Primary Data Collection 11
Survey Questionnaire 11
Research Methodology Limitations 12
Proposed Structure of Report 13
Time Schedule 16
Validating Late Mover Advantages in e-commerce: Evidence from Selected Companies
E-commerce is a global market place that is characterized...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Proposal
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