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Though the ribbons are primarily parallel on the surfaces of a carbon fiber, the inner layers of the fiber fold during a "hairpin” fashion. This is quite distinct to graphite in which the carbon sheets remain parallel.
The great strength of carbon fiber is attributed to the interlocking and folding of ribbons (Mahrez, Mohamed & Katman, 2005). This means that the carbon atom sheets cannot slide past one another as in graphite.
Carbon fibers are produced through controlled pyrolysis of organic precursors. Through the heat treatment of the precursor oxygen, nitrogen and hydrogen are removed and carbon fibers remain. Mechanical properties of carbon fibers are enhanced by increasing the orientation and crystallinity, and through reducing defects within the fiber (Moran, 2004). The most effective way to achieve this is to start out with a highly oriented precursor and then maintaining the high orientation in the stabilization and carbonization through tension.
The two main applications of carbon fibers are in specialized technologies, that include nuclear engineering and aerospace and normal engineering which embrace engineering elements like bearings, gears, fan blades, cams and automobiles (Oribi Manufacturing, 2011).
There are new applications of carbon fibers like rehabilitation of a bridge in building and construction, decoration in aviation interiors, musical instruments and automotive and also after-market transportation merchandise (Oribi Manufacturing, 2011). The conductivity of carbon provides extra new application in electronic industry. The table below illustrates a number of characteristics and applications of carbon fibers.
Glass fiber is a flexible glass material. The basic building block of glass fiber is a mixture of silica sand and other ingredients like borates. Glass fiber in fabric gives the best combination of properties like high strength and fire resistance. Its
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The word R/C has widely been used to imply remote controlled, as well as radio controlled, in which case remote controlled vehicles include a range of vehicles that are often linked to their controller via a wire. However, the current use of the word R/C is limited to vehicles that are controlled by the radio-frequency link (Boyce, P, Hunter, D, & Howlett, O, 2003).
What one wonders is all that concerns these R/C cars. Most certainly, Radio-controlled (R/C) cars are the model of cars or trucks that are self-powered. These cars are advantageous such that one is able to control them from a distance using a specialized transmitter (Driver, R, 1999).
e rear spoiler for a Formula 1 car is essentially geared to create the best aerodynamic efficiency that would allow the racing car to literally slide through the air (Nathan 2012). The rear wing is manufactured with the use of carbon fibre and is usually fastened rigidly to the
mbined with another plastic, such as methyl acrylate or methyl methacrylate, then is reacted with a catalytic agent in a solution polymerization procedure and results in a polyacrylonitrile plastic( Mazumdar, 2002.
The plastic then is spun into fibers via one of numerous
The author states that composite materials such as carbon-fibre composites have been widely applied in automobile processing. Carbon fibres are those fiber materials derived from carbon. They are mixed and bound together with other materials such as polymer resins processed under heat, pressure and vacuum.
The author states that in various engineering applications it is often the case that a given homogenous core material is reinforced using another material that is stiffer and also stronger to achieve required mechanical and material property. Usually the constituent material used for the reinforcement is fibrous.
The author states that the important drivers of the growth of polymer composites have been the reduced weight and parts consolidation opportunities the material offers. One of the advantages of carbon fibre composite materials that makes them dominant for use in the automotive industry is because they are light weight.
The globe has embraced the new technology. People are now looking upon new innovations that are in line with the current trends of the humanity. Since the invention of the internet, individuals across the globe have embraced online business leading to
The author states that the crash beam structure is required to be rigid in order to support stress and weight and to effectively secure or tie together the other car components. In addition, the crash beam must soften and resist the impact of crash at any accident event in order to safely protect the car occupants.
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