Probation Officers versus Parole Officers Name of the of the University/College June 7, 2012 Probation officers vs. parole officers Introduction: Crime is a common element that is found in most societies in the world. Criminals who are found to be guilty are sentenced by the judiciary taking into account such factors as the seriousness of the crime, gender, previous acts and most importantly the age of the offender…
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A prisoner may also be allowed a time of freedom (with conditions) at the time of sentencing. The United States and individual state laws provide two options namely probation and parole which allows a period outside prison. It also allows for the provision of officers for close supervision and monitoring of persons let out of prison either on probation or parole. Most people, not associated with law may think that both these terms are similar and exchangeable with each other. But this is not the case. This paper compares the roles and responsibilities of each of these posts and will discuss the similarities and differences in the process. Probation officers vs. parole officers: Many states have both these posts and these officers are playing an invaluable role in helping offenders out of jail on probation and parole. Working with other agencies, they help offenders to integrate into the society while they are out of prison. Basic roles and duties are common across most states even though some factors like number of days outside of prison, conditions etc may vary from state to state. The purpose here is to provide a general view of these roles in order to provide an understanding of what a probation and parole officer is expected to do. Meaning of probation and the Roles of probation officers: Probation is a court directive that places an accused under the control, supervision and care of a person so that the offender need not enter a prison to carry out the judgment meted out to him or her subject to certain conditions (Petersilia, 1998, p. 14). The primary role of the probation officer is interacting, helping and supervising the probationer. In order to make the system effective, their roles require them to “work not only with federal judges and other court professionals, but with U.S. attorneys, defense attorneys, Federal Bureau of Prisons and U.S. Parole Commission officials, state and local law enforcement agents, treatment providers, and community leaders. Officers deliver services that benefit the court, the community, and the offender” (US Trial and Pretrial Office – Western Missouri, n.d.). The quote indicates that the roles required are complex and varied since a large number of agencies are involved. The post was formed after the implementation of the Probation Act of 1925 (US Probation Office, n.d.). Unless otherwise stated, all information given below is sourced from the article on the roles of a probation officer published by the US Probation Office. The first role required by the officer is to conduct a background check of the accused before a final verdict by the court. All factors such as the personal life, background, financial dealing, and previous criminal history of the accused need to be taken into account. The nature of the crime and the events that led to subsequent arrest will also be a part of the investigation. After a logical analysis of information collected, the officer then has to prepare a concise report, stating all relevant facts to the court in which the trial is held. This report will be an additional source of investigative information (apart from what has been presented during the trial) that will assist the judge in arriving at a verdict. As in the case of parole, probation officers also need to provide a supervisory role. The
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Early release is brought by good conduct of behavior when one is in the prisons (Harr and Hess, 64). Parole and probation officers’ goals are to protect the public. They have the duty of assisting ex-offenders to adjust to life outside jail as well as that of preventing them from repeating crimes or engaging in future crimes acts.
Paroles are rewards allowed in a prisoner’s sentence by reducing his prison sentence if the prisoner demonstrates good conduct when living his sentence. Probation, on the other hand, is a an addition to the prisoners’ chargers which requires the prisoner to report to a probation officer even when he has fulfilled his sentence.
Uniformed Police Officers.
The role of police department in maintaining law and order situation can never be denied. Police department not only makes all efforts to avert and detect crimes but also implements and imposes the law of a country. Some of the major powers of a uniformed police officer include arresting, detaining, and investigating criminals who do violent and criminal acts either in public or privates places.
The concept behind punishment is to decrease the likelihood of people committing crimes by attaching a cost to them . In the case of incarceration and execution, there is an additional benefit of removing the criminal from society for a certain period of time or indefinitely.
Most States require an initial passing mark on a written form of test while also requiring an individual to attend what is known as Academy in order to train for a position in corrections. A combination of written book work and physical training and testing demonstrating stamina, endurance and the physical ability are required before an individual can become a certified corrections officer.
Evidently, community corrections program entails all non-incarcerating correctional sanctions that are applied on an offender in order to reintegrate him or her back to the community. The significance for community corrections is drawn from the need for options to jail, prison and or overcrowding of incarceration centers.
iews offenders, their families, employers and law enforcement agencies to identify problems, informs offenders of parole conditions and rules and the rehabilitation options avaibalbel to them, prepares pre-sentencing reports, social histories and personality evaluations,