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The Effect of Incubation Temperature on Incubation - Research Paper Example

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In the report, it is stated that cellular respiration refers to a set of metabolic reactions and processes which occurs in the cells of plants and animals leading to the conversion of biochemical energy in the nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP)…
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The Effect of Incubation Temperature on Incubation
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Download file to see previous pages Cellular respiration is also considered to be an exothermic redox reaction due to the heat energy that is released in the process. Generally, the overall reactions take place in a series of biochemical steps with most of these steps being redox reactions. Even though it is widely considered to be a form of the combustion reaction, cellular respiration does not resemble an actual combustion reaction since there is a slow release of energy.
Cellular respiration takes place through an aerobic or anaerobic process. The process of aerobic respiration and formation normally starts with glycolysis. In aerobic respiration, the series of biochemical reactions take place in the presence of oxygen. On the other hand, fermentation involves the breaking down of the chemical bonds on the nutrients in the absence of oxygen. Knisely states that formation is a very quick process (87). However, it is a very inefficient process through which cells obtain energy for various cellular activities. In the absence of oxygen, cells use more glucose to generate the same amount of energy. There is also a difference in the ATP production level in the aerobic and the anaerobic processes. Facultative anaerobes normally respire through aerobic respiration. However, they also have the ability to resort to fermentation or anaerobic respiration when the oxygen conditions become deficient. Yeast is an example of a facultative anaerobe which produces ethanol when it undergoes fermentation.
When there is insufficient oxygen in the environment, yeast cells undergo fermentation where the glucose undergoes glycolysis leading to the production of pyruvate molecules and NADH +H+. The pyruvate molecule is then converted to acetaldehyde which will later one be transformed into ethanol. As the conversion takes place, NADH is oxidized back to NAD+ which can be regenerated and reused in the glycolysis process. This is what allows the fermentation cycle to continue. The fermentation equation which takes place when the yeast cells lack sufficient oxygen can be understood on the basis of the equation shown below. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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