Nobody downloaded yet

Effectiveness Of Clinical Testing Of Olfaction - Case Study Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The sense of olfaction is considered to be the most basic of all sensory perceptions. The paper "Effectiveness Of Clinical Testing Of Olfaction" provides a survey of the major diagnostic tests for olfaction and an evaluation of their overall validity and reliability…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.4% of users find it useful
Effectiveness Of Clinical Testing Of Olfaction
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Effectiveness Of Clinical Testing Of Olfaction"

Download file to see previous pages Odor identification, the discernment of odor variations, odor memory, suprathreshold intensity and the qualitative assessment of odor quality. Given the importance of disorders of olfaction as primary disorders and as secondary complications to many important human diseases, effective tools to evaluate olfaction are critical clinical assessment tools.
The earliest studies of olfaction began with the work of Valentin in 1848 and were developed further by Toulouse and Vaschide, and Zwaardemaker in the late 1800s and by Proetz in the early part of the 20th century (1). These early studies of olfactory anatomy and physiology incorporated tests to measure both qualitatively and quantitatively the sensory parameters of olfaction. Over the years, these tests were developed further to include assessments of olfactory sensitivity by means of odor detection and the recognition of specific odors, thresholds of identification and discrimination of different odors, odor memory, assessments of odor intensity scales, and discriminations of sensory pleasure associated with specific scents (2).
The most distinctive feature of nasal anatomy is the dominance of the turbine bones (3, 4 and 5). Very little inspired air reaches the tissues of the nasal epithelium due to the blocking effect of the turbines. The olfactory epithelium is located at the apex of the nasal passages and is the primary interface at which the tissue exchange of inspired gases, primarily oxygen and carbon dioxide, occurs (5). The olfactory epithelium is covered by a layer of mucus that is produced by Bowman’s gland (5). During this process, the air reaches body temperature and becomes saturated with water vapor (5). The dust particles and other materials adhere to the nasal mucosa and then are swept by the hair-like cilia that line the mucosa to the pharynx (5). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(Effectiveness Of Clinical Testing Of Olfaction Case Study, n.d.)
Effectiveness Of Clinical Testing Of Olfaction Case Study. Retrieved from
(Effectiveness Of Clinical Testing Of Olfaction Case Study)
Effectiveness Of Clinical Testing Of Olfaction Case Study.
“Effectiveness Of Clinical Testing Of Olfaction Case Study”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Effectiveness Of Clinical Testing Of Olfaction

Engaging in Evidence Based Practice and Clinical Effectiveness

...of rats in control groups with test group= 11 rats, and the control group= 14 rats. The P values for this study were 0.06. The bias is related to the validity of animal vs. human testing on the subject. The researchers found that ventilation with normobaric hyperoxia at onset of reperfusion tended to reduce lethal arrhythmias in rats but this did not influence further impact the infarct size of the group. (Mariero et al., 2011) Another historically significant study representative of the change in medical consensus on the clinical use of O2 in MIs is represented in the Frobert (2004) report which states that oxygen has a correlative effect on coronary dilation and for...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay


...?Discussions Black Box testing and White Box Testing Black-box test design treats the system as ‘inaccessible’, so it doesn't explicitly use knowledge of the internal structure of the system. There are many advantages to black-box testing like: 1. Ease of use: We simply work through the application, as an end user like will it work on windows platform or not. Will the Start, Exit and Minimize functions work among other functionalities; we came to know that Decimal Point overwriting and Last Function Buffer does not work. 2. Simplicity: We focus on invalid and valid inputs and ensure the correct outputs are received like testing functionalities like...
4 Pages(1000 words)Coursework

Role of Olfaction in Daily Life

..., it greatly influences the social behavior. Odor is an essential element in determining the inner ego of a human and is an indispensable feature of sophistication and complexity. It even allows tracing the limits between “different races, diseases, and professions” (Sarafoleanu et al., pp. 196-98, 2009). Similarly, in ancient times, perfumes were under utilization as a part in defining the sexual consciousness to the unconscious effect of pheromone like chemicals. One important fact is that olfactory transmits the signals directly to the brain, which are involved with emotional behavior and memory. The social behaviour is dominated by the affective hormonal reactions caused by olfaction. This is the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Testing managed by the programmer who creates the code. Every programmer tests their own code. Any bug found is rectified by the programmer, and the programs are reevaluated till clean (Humble & Farley, 2010). When testing has been done to all the programs, and no error has been found, the test begins. The division of debugging from testing was originally introduced, in 1979, by Glenford Myers (Ammann & Offutt, 2008). Even if, his goal was on breakage testing ("an effective test is one that locates a bug") it demonstrates the need of the software engineering society to divide fundamental development actions, such as...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Prenatal Screening (Prenatal Testing) in Clinical Chemistry Labs identify the chances that the unborn child exhibits certain genetic, congenital and chromosomal disorders as well as fetal abnormalities inclusive of some complication of the heart (Otano, 2007). Throughout the period of pregnancy, the health provider normally suggests a number of tests including screening test for Down syndrome, gestational diabetes and HIV (Mayo Clinic, 2013). Disorders of prenatal testing include dominant gene disorders. When one of the parents suffers from the dominant gene disorder, then there is a 50 percent likelihood of the baby to inherit such genes and develop the disorder. Achondroplasiais is a form of short-limbed dwarfism that literally...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Psychometric Testing

...still be possible. The study of Silva (1993) proves that even with psychometric tests, even though there may be decreased desire to hire another person to represent somebody else, management is still a concern. For instance, there can be no assurances that the applicant will not be delayed and if so the delays will not normally have been stated and studied for probable effects. All the psychometric tests, utilized on its individual form or in a mix, can be very effective tools in the roles of the hiring manager. As a matter if fact any psychometric test can be a helpful tool to forecast potential applicant success on his or her occupation. Some managers...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Education Testing

...Testing: Test Instrument Characteristics Teachers can choose from a wide variety of formal and informal room assessments. Formal assessments include norm-referenced and criterion-referenced standardized tests. Norm-referenced tests indicate how well a student compares to other students, while criterion-referenced tests show mastery over specific skills. For example, a norm-referenced test would note that Cyndy, a hypothetical middle-school basketball player, is the third best foul shooter on her team. A criterion-referenced test would indicate that Cyndy made 7 of every 10 free throw attempts. Norm-referenced...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Factors that influence the effectiveness of teamwork in clinical settings pass across (Leonard, Graham & Bonacum, 2004). Team leaders with effective communication skills also have appreciable proficiency. An effective team leader is ready to listen to information from other team members to ensure informed decision-making. Building commitment begins with the ability to trust other team members and have self-confidence. The quality of team members and leaders to embrace commitment is important in providing a unified set of goals that directs the clinical team members. Alongside giving direction, commitment is a quality that motivates the entire team, and individual members. Moreover, commitment enhances team responsibility and inclusive participation among...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Point of Care Testing Clinical Issues

...Point of Care Testing Clinical Issues Introduction The medical fraternity has to deal with a lot of clinical problems. The problems range from increased prevalence of certain diseases to the general challenges that are evident in the course of medical practice. The critical steps of Evidence-Based Practice are meant to counter such problems by giving nurses a platform from which they can diagnose and implement solutions for the prevalent problems after careful deliberation and analysis. Problem Identification and its Relevance in the Current Healthcare Environment This impending problem is identified with regard to the situation in the U.S. Obesity has been a menace in the country for a...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment

Integration Testing and Systems Testing

...optimum safety of the individuals working on them. The primary objectives of Systems Engineering is to deliver the systems with optimum practical effectiveness including reliability, efficiency, safety, quality, maintainability, scalability, upgradeability and cost effectiveness. Systems engineering is carried out in a structured process framework called the Systems Engineering Life Cycle processes and is defined by the ISO/IEC 15288 standard [Magee, Stan. 2005]. The process framework is presented in the figure below at a high level: Figure 1: The process framework of Systems Engineering (Source: Bahill, Terry A. and Dean, Frank F. Dec. 1994.) The Integration and System testing...
18 Pages(4500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Case Study on topic Effectiveness Of Clinical Testing Of Olfaction for FREE!

Contact Us