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Trace the scientific Method in a Primary Scientific Article - Assignment Example

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Summary
The study was conducted by Fumuhiko Horio and colleagues to determine if regular coffee taking minimizes the risk of type 2 diabetes.
The main steps include…
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Trace the scientific Method in a Primary Scientific Article
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Trace the scientific method in a primary scientific article due: Trace the scientific methodin a primary scientific article
This paper is a discussion of a scientific method published in an article by the Science Daily web-site New Evidence. The study was conducted by Fumuhiko Horio and colleagues to determine if regular coffee taking minimizes the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Steps of the scientific method
The main steps include separating the laboratory mice into two groups. The second phase is to make the living environment and the diet same for the two groups. The next step includes feeding one group of 10 laboratory mice with two-fold diluted black coffee and the other group of 11 mice on regular drinking water. The final step includes monitoring the blood glucose every week for five weeks (American Chemical Society, 2010).
Observations
There was no difference in the body mass of the laboratory mice in the two groups.
Specific hypothesis
The hypothesis of the study was to test the antidiabetic impact of coffee and caffeine in the laboratory mice used to test diabetes.
Experimental design
The experimental design consists of a control group that is made up of a control group that comprised of 11 mice given regular water. The treatment group comprise of 10 laboratory mice that were fed on diluted coffee. The independent variables are diluted water and regular drinking water. The dependent variables are the mice and the blood glucose.
Summary of the results and the conclusion
The outcomes indicate that drinking coffee may prevent the growth of high blood sugar as well as enhance insulin responsiveness in the laboratory mice. The conclusions suggest that caffeine is a very effective antidiabetic compound in coffee (American Chemical Society, 2010).
Criticism
The test subjects and the treatment were important and appropriate because the issue of concern in this study was to test if coffee could reduce the level of blood glucose. Therefore, it was paramount for one group to be fed with coffee and the other with regular water. The restriction of the conclusion drawn by the study is that it does not specify the quantity of coffee drank by each mouse in the control group. Therefore, it difficult to conclude which amount of diluted coffee is suitable to suppress diabetes.
Relevance of this research
This research is important because it gives a comprehension of how the caffeine in the coffee is assumed to lower the blood glucose. The caffeine is ingested hence causing amelioration of hyperglycemia and also enhances fatty liver. As a result, coffee puts a suppressive impact on hyperglycemia through the improvement of insulin reactivity (Yamauchi et al., 2010).
Hypothesis of this experiment
It is assumed that drinking coffee regularly reduces the development of blood glucose in diabetic patients.
References
American Chemical Society. (2010, June 10). New evidence that drinking coffee may reduce
the risk of diabetes. ScienceDaily. Retrieved June 11, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/06/100609111316.htm
Yamauchi, R., Kobayashi, M., Matsuda, Y., Ojika, M., Shigeoka, S., Yamamoto, Y., ... &
Horio, F. (2010). Coffee and caffeine ameliorate hyperglycemia, fatty liver, and inflammatory adipocytokine expression in spontaneously diabetic KK-Ay mice. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 58(9), 5597-5603. Read More
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