quora
Nobody downloaded yet

Invertebrate Zoology, Box - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
884473- Research Paper Name Module Institution Summary of Findings Animals have the ability to distinguish between self and non-self. The identified non-self are broken down either by humoral factors or coelomocytes. Echinoderms are marine animals and the effect of various organic and inorganic pollutants on their growth, reproduction etc…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.7% of users find it useful
Invertebrate Zoology, Research Box
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Invertebrate Zoology, Box"

Download file to see previous pages The fluid was centrifuged to separate liquid portion from the cellular constituents, which include the coelomocytes. The foreign bodies introduced to it were the red blood cells of a rabbit. The effect of some heavy metals, which are a part of industrial waste, was to be studied by Canicatti and Grasso. The three heavy metals used were zinc, mercury and cadmium. It was noted that among these metals, only zinc had an effect on immune response system and it varied considerably with the concentration of zinc. Zinc concentration of 1 mm or higher greatly reduced the breakdown activity. This was true both for the liquid part and the cellular part of the coelomic fluid. In contrast to this, lower zinc concentration led to increased lytic activity. At a concentration of 4 mm of zinc, the agglutination of red blood cells was not affected at all by zinc. Only the lytic activity was being affected at this concentration. The cellular portion always dominates in terms of contributing in the immune system when compared to the liquid portion. The contribution of liquid portion increased at a concentration of 0.25 mm zinc, but still remains below that of the cellular portion. The immune system is most responsive at 0.5 mm concentration of zinc. The immune response drastically decreases above 0.5 mm of zinc concentration. Table of Contents Summary of Findings 2 Abstract 4 INTRODUCTION 5 BASIS OF HYPOTHESIS 5 RESEARCH 5 METHODOLOGY 5 DATA COLLECTION 6 ORGANISMS COLLECTION 6 DESIGN 7 FUNDING 7 SIGNIFICANCE & CONCLUSION 8 REFERENCES 9 Abstract This paper formulates a hypothesis on how further research regarding the above experiment. Using the same scientific method the paper gives a short brief on how to formulate the project, collect data and organisms along with the design and funding of the project. Furthermore significance of the project along with the initially conclusion has been outlined. Keywords: Hypothesis, design, significance INTRODUCTION The findings of the Canicatti and Grasso (1988) were not conclusive. They left many questions unanswered. It left a big space for further research in this topic. Some of the questions which arise after the findings are: Would the same effects be observed if these tests were conducted on intact animals? Do organic pollutants have a similar effect on immune response system? Among the metals tested, why was zinc the only one which had an effect on the immune response system? Does zinc also have effects on the immune system of other animals? BASIS OF HYPOTHESIS I hypothesize that zinc would have a similar effect on the immune response system of other animals too. My basis of this hypothesis is that the immune system of all animals works in almost similar ways. Foreign bodies entering the territory of the body are attached by cells within the body and broken down, or are encapsulated and destroyed (Shankar & Prasad, 1998). This way their harmful effects are nullified. RESEARCH Before getting involved in the experimental procedure, it is important to further research the topic. To get background knowledge of the topic, numerous research articles have to be read related to this topic. From the work already done, it is established that zinc does have an effect on the immune response system of animals (Prasad 2008). Is the effect same for every animal is the question that needs to be answered. METHODOLOGY A research project has to be formulated for this study. The tests can be ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Invertebrate Zoology, Research Box Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/biology/1485658-invertebrate-zoology-research-box
(Invertebrate Zoology, Research Box Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
https://studentshare.org/biology/1485658-invertebrate-zoology-research-box.
“Invertebrate Zoology, Research Box Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1485658-invertebrate-zoology-research-box.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Research
The research findings have concluded that Ballston sector plan of 1980’s sought to create a ‘new downtown’ in Arlington. From observation, I have noticed that the development of the area sought to have a mix of offices, residential areas and commercial buildings.
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
Research
Issues rise on the current organization of levels in the education structure. The education system in America has been organized in decentralized levels based on the federal constitution. Education in U.S follows a system from early childhood, primary school, through to middle school and secondary school and finally the post secondary education (Christensen, Horn, & Johnson, p.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Research
Norvant, the existing corporation owns various medical facilities across many states. Its facilities are owned by private investors and corporations for the purpose of providing health care in the local communities. It is my job to research the existing facilities and provide information on setting up a new Prime/Urgent Care Facility in a local community.
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Research
They help control pests, such as smaller bugs, and go relatively unnoticed. There are many variations of spiders ranging from small to large and harmless to lethal. Spiders are also arthropods and have an exoskeleton structure. Spiders also live in a variety of conditions ranging from dark, moist areas to dry, hot deserts.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Research
Even as the presence of cyberbullies and their operations remain largely covert, the effects of cyberbullying are far-reaching and devastating on the person of the cyberbullying victim. The implication of the act is based on the fact that it is injurious in nature, in that it contravenes the rights, freedoms and wellbeing of the targeted individual.
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Paper
Research
Scholars on leadership theories, brings to light how to make better individual leadership qualities so as to become a helpful leader or manager. Arguably, every leader is required to get known of their qualities of leadership that are closely linked to the current world happening ranging from ethical standards, and political turmoil.
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper
Research
age Learning and Computer Assisted Vocabulary Acquisition and emerging technologies such as iPods, iBooks, hypermedia, mobile technology, social networking and the other devices that can be effectively deployed to enhance the effectiveness of the process of vocabulary
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Paper
Zoology
This paper shall provide a summary of a New York Times article and show its similarities and differences from an actual science paper.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Research
The introduction to the research study explores the significance attached to these two variables and the theoretical considerations that have helped in understanding the role played by HLOC in improving clinical
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper
Research
he research were pupils and were broken down into two sections and were enrolled in a course of human psychology; these participants comprised mainly of the female gender and were taking this course as a prerequisite for programs such as nursing and programs related to the field
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Invertebrate Zoology, Research Box for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us