quora
Nobody downloaded yet

HPV in women - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Name: Instructor: Task: Date: HPV in women HPV is a widespread category of virus that stands for the human papilloma virus. HPV types number to about a hundred and distress diverse parts of the body. About 30 types of the virus have an effect on the genitals such as the vagina, penis, vulva, scrotum, and the cervix…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.4% of users find it useful
HPV in women
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"HPV in women"

Download file to see previous pages HPV in women Direct skin contact with an HPV infected person is the main way through which genital HPV occurs. The contact areas are the anal, vaginal, and oral sex. The diverse categories of HPV are responsible for the formation of genital warts on the skin. Genital warts are hard and usually rough lumps that become visible on the skin of a sick person. Any sexually active person is prone to acquire the virus and the genital warts. The genital warts in women predominantly appear around or inside the vagina, around or inside the anus, on the vulva, on the groin and on the cervix (Monsonego 37). Classification and morphology The human papilloma viruses are heterogeneous in nature. They affect both the mucosal epithelial tissues and the skin. Besides, they are hugely responsible for causing the cervical carcinogenesis. According to the results of the studies in molecular biology, more than one hundred genotypes of the virus exist in humans. The virus falls under two classifications mainly the low risk HPV (LR-HPV and the high risk HPV (HR-HPV). The low risk HPV is predominant in squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSILs) with low grades and the benign lesions. Meanwhile, the high risk HPV includes the HPV-16 and HPV-18. Other high-risk HPV types include HPV-31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 55, 56, 58, 66, 68, and 70 (Evans and Kaslow 602). The high risk HPV has 80 to 90 per cent prevalence rate in cervical cancer and the squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSILs). In the morphological dimension, the genome of the papilloma virus is covalently circular and closed. Its DNA is double stranded and has a measurement of about 8kbp. All the genes of the papilloma virus are coded in the strands that define DNA. Through this, it utilizes the alternative DNA strand to splice the expression of individual gene. The expression of the papilloma virus has a characteristic of large mRNAs array of cells that code for diverse gene types. Additionally, the HPV has a diameter of 55nm (Evans and Kaslow 602). Molecular Biology and Replication Strategy The HPV contamination begins with the infection of the host cell. This promotes the discharge of the virus from the nucleus. As this happens, there are interactions of many cellular transcription factors. These interactions occur with the viral regulatory region (LRC) that does not code. As a result, the two HPV-16 begin to transcript and transforms earlier genes of E6 and E7. Consequently, the proteins that continue to transform interact with the cellular antioncogenic regulator p53. This action results in the disruption of the cell cycle. The cell cycle is under the regulation of the complexes of cyclin dependent kinases (CDKs) and the cyclins (Evans and Kaslow 692). The CDK complexes always inhibit the action of the cyclin. It is a condition for cells to pass the restriction point of G1 in order for the progression of the cell cycle (Evans and Kaslow 692). Retinoblastoma pockets bacteria, RB, p 107, and p 130 are the ones that regulate this process. There is only an indication in the RB leaving the other pocket proteins with the same functions and activities. In essence, they inactivate and bind up the E2F transcription factors. This leads to the inducement of the S phase genes expression that will trigger a mitogenic signal. This signal leads to the activation of the cyclin D1-CDK6 and cyclin D1-CDK4 complexes. The result of this is the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“HPV in women Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/biology/1465029-hpv-in-women
(HPV in Women Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/biology/1465029-hpv-in-women.
“HPV in Women Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1465029-hpv-in-women.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Media influence on human papilloma virus (HPV) and vaccines
Vaccination has been noted to be a stable option of solving this problem. This virus can be passed from mother to the child, but primarily spreads through sexual intercourse (Vaccarella, Franceschi, Herrero, Munoz, Snijders, Clifford et al., 2006; Vaccarella, Herrero, Dai, Snijders, Meijer,Thomas et al., 2006; Antonsson, Karanfilovska, Lindqvist & Hansson, 2003).
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Paper
Epidemiology
Epidemiology is deals with the determinants and distribution of the disease frequency among the population. Epidemiological studies require knowledge in the fields of biostatistics, social and behavioral sciences, clinical medicine, microbiology, toxicology, genetics and pathology.
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
HPV and Oropharyngeal Cancer in Men
Oropharyngeal cancer is on the other hand a type of cancer that affects oropharynx tissues along the throat. There has been a developed relationship between Human papillomavirus and Oropharyngeal Cancer with the viral infection greatly increasing a person’s vulnerability to the cancer.
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Should HPV Vaccination Be Mandatory
Human papillomaviruses or simply HPVs are a group of related viruses. Some of the HPVs have the potential to cause cervical cancer and these types of HPVs are called high risk or carcinogenic HPVs.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Cervical Cancer (HPV Induced)
These uncontrolled growths and divisions spread to other parts of the body through bloodstream or lymphatic system. Causative factors or agents for cancer directly damage genes or combine with existing genetic faults in a person resulting malignant growths.
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Discuss the potential health and economic impact of adding human papillomavirus vaccine (hpv) to existing screening programs
In general, genital HPV infection is one of the most common sexually transmitted disease which accounts for 50% of men and women contract HPV throughout their lifetime whereas roughly 80% of women are prone to HPV infection by the time they reach the age of 50 (Murthy and Smith 315).
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
HPV affect on women
The diagnosis of the disease brings about social stigma for women. The moral perceptions of society are that women have to remain pure, and the infection is a reflection of
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Symptoms, transmission, treatments, and prevention of the HPV virus
It also stated in this report that HPV infection is transmitted sexually, and having multiple sexual partners increases the risk of such infection. As such, continual HPV infections
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
HPV Vaccination
To control HPV, A new vaccine has recently been approved for girls' ages 9-26 years old that will decrease the spread of HPV infection. But, before Vaccination, the family health practitioners need to be aware of parental attitudes and knowledge regarding the vaccine, specifically the concern that it will increase pre-marital sex.
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
2011). This topic is of significant interest to me since it concerns an infection that can lead to chronic illness, Cancer. The human papillomavirus (HPV) infection causes genital warts as well as warts in the mouth.
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic HPV in women for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us