quora
Nobody downloaded yet

Breast cancer- human diease- epidemiology - Dissertation Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The Prevalence of Breast Cancer in Female Population in the UK Breast cancer is “the most common form of female cancer” in the United Kingdom as can be evidenced from the Guidance for Cancer Services, issued by the NHS during 2002 (Guidance on Cancer Services: Improving Outcomes in Breast Cancer, 2002)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.6% of users find it useful
Breast cancer- human diease- epidemiology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Breast cancer- human diease- epidemiology"

Download file to see previous pages The term ‘cancer’ refers to an uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells, which are known as malignant cells that proliferate until they form a tumour, which is an abnormal mass of tissue or can be described as a swelling. This causes the malignant cells to break away from the tumour and travel through blood or the lymphatic system to other organs such as the lungs, where the uncontrolled growth cycle repeats itself. The report of a working group to the Department of Health defines breast cancer as a “primary malignant neoplasm of the breast excluding those arising from connective tissue” (Breast Cancer: Report of a Working Group to the Department of Health, 2000). This being a major problem that affects a considerable percentage of the population, it gains significance as a public health issue and needs to be addressed from that perspective. In this context, the following data published by the NHS, National Institute for Clinical Excellence, appended below in tabulated form, is relevant: Country No of Registrations (1998) Incidence: Crude Rate Per 100,000 (1998) No of Deaths (2000) Mortality: Crude Rate Per 100,000 (2000) England 32,908 131.0 10,609 41.9 Wales 1,914 128.05 731 48.7 (Guidance on Cancer Care Services: Improving Outcomes in Breast Cancer, 2002). ...
Thus, the data reveals that the problem of breast cancer, though it affects female population largely, has to be recognized as a serious public health problem. Detailed region-wise graphical data has been appended as Annexure-I to VI to this paper. The Information Centre for Health and Social Care of the NHS has published data relating to current status of breast screening programmes in heir publication titled, Breast Screening Programme, England 2009-10 as under: (Breast Screening Programme, England 2009-10, 2011) From the above it transpires that 76.9 women in England, who fall within the age group of 53-70, have undergone the screening process for checking breast cancer. On the other hand, the percentage in London shows a downward trend at 67%. Remaining regions also show the rates around 80. While this is a good percentage, considering the issue’s relevance as a major social problem, efforts need to be made to provide coverage to more women through such programmes. The report further projects data for 2002-2010, with the breakup of women into three categories based on age, as under: (Breast Screening Programme, England 2009-10, 2011) From this data, it emerges that the coverage for women in the age group of 53-64 has varied by a mere 1.1% from 76.1 in 2002 to 77.2 in 2010, while that of women 65-70 has increased considerably by 44.5% from 31.7 in 2002 to 76.2 in 2010. The average coverage of both groups put together registers an increase of 16.4% from 63.5 in 2002 to 76.9 in 2010. Thus, the overall trend is encouraging while there is still scope for including more women in the purview of breast screening programmes. This growth of cancer is classified as metastatic spread as the cancer cells leave an area and form a tumour in another body ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Breast cancer- human diease- epidemiology Dissertation”, n.d.)
Breast cancer- human diease- epidemiology Dissertation. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/biology/1464510-breast-cancer-human-diease-epidemiology
(Breast Cancer- Human Diease- Epidemiology Dissertation)
Breast Cancer- Human Diease- Epidemiology Dissertation. https://studentshare.org/biology/1464510-breast-cancer-human-diease-epidemiology.
“Breast Cancer- Human Diease- Epidemiology Dissertation”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1464510-breast-cancer-human-diease-epidemiology.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Morpholins anti-cancer drugs
The target series of compounds was produced through reductive amination between four amines and a dialdehyde produced from α-D-glucopyranose. The amines that were used in the project are: butyl amine, benzyl amine, L-phenylalanine and Tyrosine-OMe.
13 Pages(3250 words)Dissertation
Reasons for Law Update of Breast Screening amongst the different cultures in the United Kingdom
About 1.6% of female deaths per year are attributed to breast cancer (Parkin, et.al., 2005). It is a major public health issue in high-resource regions and seems to be becoming a major problem in low-resource areas as well with prevalence rates increasing by about 5% each year (Parkin, et.al., 2005).
29 Pages(7250 words)Dissertation
Antibody targeted drugs for cancer therapy
Application of monoclonal antibodies for target approach of cancer therapy because of hybridoma technology which has contributed to the production of monoclonal antibodies. Strategies for this therapeutic application are destruction of cancer cells that are directed by immune reaction, interference of the therapy with the growth and differentiation of cancer cells, transport of anti-cancer agents to the cancer cells based on antigen epitopes, anti-idiotype vaccination and finally, development of humanised mouse monoclonal antibodies through genetic engineering.
20 Pages(5000 words)Dissertation
The involvement of ion channels in cancer
Most importantly, the study stresses the progression of cancer, by means of metastasis. After which, the research elaborated the principle of ion channels and its function within the body. It then associates the role that ion channels contribute to the development of cancer cells within the body, and what particular ion channels can be exploited to hinder the growth and proliferation of mutated genes.
20 Pages(5000 words)Dissertation
Research for practice: Breast cancer
Breast cancer can be identified as a health issue commonly faced by women. However, it can be mentioned that the diagnosis and the treatment of breast cancer had been a part of medical culture since ancient ages which can be dated back to the pyramid age during 3000-2500 BC (Donegan, 2005).
21 Pages(5250 words)Dissertation
Clinical studies of hormonal treatment approaches to prostate cancer
They perform their functions and ultimately they die. This phenomenon helps the body to stay healthy and functional. However in some cases the cells do not die and instead they keep dividing abnormally creating new cells that is not essential to the body.
15 Pages(3750 words)Dissertation
The influence of smoking cessation after diagnosis of early stage lung cancer on prognosis
This summary briefly encloses smoking as one of the major risk factor for the decease lung cancer, but the major focus is on the outcome of smoking on diagnosis or recurrence of a second primary cancer; molds of continued and quitting smoking in patients with cancer. This data will help health experts caring for patients for the period of and subsequent to treatment.
12 Pages(3000 words)Dissertation
Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is a major cause for morbidity and mortality of women worldwide. This is condition predominantly affecting women and especially women in western countries or nations that accepted modern lifestyle of living. It is found that modern ways of living and diet are one of the most important factors that increase the risk for breast cancer in countries with modern way of living.
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
Detecting Breast Cancer in Women Under the Age of 50
This study will compare and contrast these two methods by using the tests on a sample population in the specific age group of women below 50 years of age and recording them in an organized fashion. At the completion of the research, I propose to conclusively find which method is better at detecting breast cancer in women under the age of 50 years.
44 Pages(11000 words)Dissertation
Myofascial Pain Patterns and Dysfunction of Lower Extremities Associated with Latissimus Dorsi Flap Breast Re-construction Proce
Even though this particular breast reconstruction technique is fairly safe, some of the postoperative breast cancer patients who had mastectomy and LD flap breast reconstruction are complaining about myofascial pain and lower extremities dysfunction. Up to the present time, there is no existing research study that has tried to discuss and identify the main factors that causes myofascial pain and lower extremities dysfunction after going through LD flap breast reconstruction.
35 Pages(8750 words)Dissertation
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Dissertation on topic Breast cancer- human diease- epidemiology for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us