StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Biology on Galactosemia - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Galactosemia Author Institution Galactosemia Introduction Galactosemia refers to a hereditary disease that can lead to conditions such as cirrhosis in infants, as well as other negative effects if there is no quick diagnosis. The disease stems from high levels of sugar in milk, in the blood…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.9% of users find it useful
Biology Research Paper on Galactosemia
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Biology on Galactosemia"

Download file to see previous pages The malfunctioning enzyme There are three forms of galactosemia; these include galactose-1, uridyl 1, and classic galactosemia, which is the most severe and common form of galactosemia. The human body breaks down lactose into galactose and glucose and these sugars are used for energy. People with galactosemia have the malfunctioning of the enzyme known as GALT, which helps in breaking down galactose. Defects in the metabolism of galactose lead to the buildup of toxic chemicals in the body cells. Classic galactosemia, which is the most common form, is transmitted through an autosomal recessive patter. A child inherits one defective gene from each parent in order for them to contract this disorder. When a child inherits one mutated and one normal gene, he or she becomes a carrier (Thomas & David, 2011). A carrier has less than normal amount of GALT enzyme that is required in normal circumstances. However, they can be able to break down galactose, thus avoiding symptoms associated with the disease. Although this is the case, carriers have the capacity to pass on to their children the mutated gene. People suffering from galactosemia may entirely lack the GALT enzyme. The prevalence of galactosemia is 1 in every 20, 000 births. There is a likelihood of one out of four that a child will be born with the disease, especially in each pregnancy in a family where other members have suffered from the disease in the past. When an infant suffering from galactosemia takes milk, there is building up of galactose substances in the system of the infant. These substances may cause damage to the brain, eyes, kidneys, and liver. This means that people suffering from galactosemia cannot tolerate animal or human milk (Thomas & David, 2011). Symptoms of galactosemia The defects in the metabolism of galactose can lead to various symptoms, which include kidney failure, cataracts, mental retardation, enlarged liver, and poor growth. In most cases, the disease tends to occur in the first few days resulting from milk or breast formula ingestion. Patients with this disease may experience symptoms such as vomiting, jaundice, lack of weight gain, irritability, as well as diarrhea. In infants, the symptoms of the disease result from infection of the blood with the bacteria known as E. coli. Children may portray symptoms related to poor feeding habits, where they may refuse to take milk that contains a formula (Bosch et al, 2004). Another symptom of galactosemia includes convulsions, which entails the rapid shaking of the body uncontrollably. Galactosemia may also be accompanied by symptoms such as irritability in the patient, and especially children. They may become whiny, fussy, and fretful while suffering from the disease despite how much the parent tries to soothe them. Other symptoms of the disease include lethargy, tiredness, and drowsiness, as well as a feeling of lack of motivation and energy by the patient (Bosch et al, 2004). Diagnosis The diagnosis of galactosemia is done through blood tests, where the detection of the can be done by measuring the enzyme level in white blood cells, red blood cells, or in the liver. Patients affected by this disease lack enzyme activity; however, parents who may be carriers tend to have intermediate enzyme activity, which can be half the normal enzyme activity level. During the diagnosis of this disease, it is advisable not ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Biology Research Paper on Galactosemia Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Biology Research Paper on Galactosemia Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/biology/1457068-galactosemia
(Biology Research Paper on Galactosemia Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
Biology Research Paper on Galactosemia Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words. https://studentshare.org/biology/1457068-galactosemia.
“Biology Research Paper on Galactosemia Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1457068-galactosemia.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Biology Research Paper on Galactosemia

The Perspective on Teaching Biology

...The Perspective on Teaching Biology Introduction In this paper, I am supposed to identify those leadership characteristics that I think are important for a healthcare professional in my chosen field. My chosen field is teaching Biology. And I think that a Biology teacher is also a sort of healthcare professional, who actually plays a very key role in the making of every kind of healthcare professional. In doing my research, I have utilized two resources from the Hodges University’s extensive databases. The first one is a book with the title Influencer: The Power to Change Anything1. The second one is a report on Healthcare Community Discussions, which has been issued by the U.S....
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Developmental Biology

...at the level of DNA that lead to changes in heredity. These include DNA methylation which is present in all known vertebrates. This paper aims to study recent literature and studies that have been produced in order to find out the factors that affect aging. For this purpose, literature dated after 2006 has been used in order to ensure that the information is as recent as possible. This study will be useful in developing a better understanding of a vital part of developmental biology that is aging. INTRODUCTION Human race has always been fascinated by the idea of eternal youthfulness and functionality. The physiological and psychological changes that occur with age have always haunted humans and as a result, a lot of...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Cancer Biology Research Paper

...to its phenotype. The metabolic phenotype of this cell is monitored by the changes in the genetic structure of the cells as well as the changes that are taking place outside the cancerous cells in the normal tissues. It was deduced that the changes in the metabolism are a very significant feature of the cancer cells and they form the basis for the rapid multiplication of these cells. Cancerous signals are transmitted to these cells which result in the cascade of duplication. The target of these biologists and researches is to find a way to slow down the metabolism of the tumor “progression” so as to enhance the treatment of cancer and produce excellent results (Cairns et al. 2011). In order to understand the complex...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Biology - Prader-Willi Syndrome

...?Prader–Willi Syndrome Introduction It was first described by Andrea Prader and Heinrich Willi in 1956. It is a rare genetic disorder in which seven genes or some subsets are deleted, translocated or unexpressed on the paternal chromosome 15. For the genes affected in PWS, the paternal copy is expressed while the maternal one is silenced. The PWS genes are maternally imprinted making the copy inherited from the father active. With this copy absent in PWS due to chromosomal translocation, both copies are imprinted in the maternal realm making the normal genes absent. Therefore people with PWS have a working and a non-working copy. The characteristics of PWS are stunted development in the intellectual functioning same as those... Syndrome...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Biology - Infectious Diseases

... Infectious Diseases Infectious diseases occur when a parasite infects an organism causing illness and characteristic symptoms to occur. The parasite may be bacteria, virus, protozoa or fungi. Most of the infections come with symptoms. For example, coughing, high body temperature, pimples, scabs or stomach upsets. Our body has a natural defense mechanism known as the immune system which strives to get rid of these infections. The immune system deals in two ways with the foreign particles; through innate and adaptive immunity. In the case of infections, adaptive immunity has a greater role to play. Each foreign organism displays an antigen or multiple antigens that are recognized by the antibodies produced in our body... Infectious Diseases...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Human biology

...Human Biology Clinical Situation: Mr. H. has a history of coronary artery disease. Immediately after eating, he experienced moderate chest discomfort that radiated to his left shoulder and descended into the left arm and the little finger. The pain was unrelieved by nitroglycerin tablets, so he was admitted to the hospital for further evaluation. A cardiac catheterization revealed a partial blockage of four coronary arteries, and he was scheduled for bypass surgery. Discuss the consequences of decreased coronary blood flow on myocardial function; a description of cardiac catheterization, and a description of the bypass procedure (CABG, coronary artery bypass graft). The Consequences of Decreased Coronary Blood Flow on...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Biology

...Biology What is Spina bifida? Why spina bifida is considered as a multifactorial trait? Spina bifida is a condition of the spinal cord in which there is incomplete closure of the neural tube in the embryo. This closure actually occurs at the 28th day of embryonic development. Hence this disorder is known as a neural tube defect, in which the spinal cord does not completely close because of the decreased development of the vertebral column. Spina bifida is considered to be a multifactorial trait because this disorder is led to by both genetic and the environmental factors. The environmental factor is considered to play a role in the expression of the disorder. The genetic component occurs because of the combined effect of...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

The Role of the Pancreas in Glycaemic Homeostasis

...With reference to negative feedback loops explore the role of the pancreas in glycaemic homeostasis. Introduction Glucose is a central metabolic energy source for humans with its management at appropriate intensities within the body being paramount to the regular functioning of the body cells, whereas its dysregulation (disruption of homeostasis) is associated with potential life-threatening disorders such as galactosemia and diabetes mellitus. The maintenance of steady blood glucose is decisive to the overall health of cells; consequently, the wellbeing of the entire body. Glucose molecules are mainly broken down within body cells so as to produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecules symbolizing energy-rich...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Biology Article

...on their experiment with rats. Despite his revelations, the government still favored large institutions that produce and distribute these goods (Lilliston, 2013). This is a very relevant issue in the field of biology and other relevant fields such as botany, nutrition, health and others. I believe that the government should keep watch of this concern. It is not enough for them to create one click solutions without knowing the consequences. Government funds must be intended for organic farming instead of production of GA foods. Information drives must be done to the public regarding GA foods and how they affect the bodies. Until now they are sold in the market and even priced lower that organically produced goods....
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper

Cell biology

...Insert Cell biology, alternatively referred to as cytology, is an area of biology that deals with (studies) cells (Lodish, 348). Robert Hooke is regarded by many as the father of cell biology as he is credited for discovering the cell. In this branch, the structure of cells, life cycles, properties, interactions with the environment, function, division, death and organelles (their locations within cells, functions, structures, compositions and adaptations) found within cells are delved into. The study of cells is done in a molecular level or is conducted suing microscopes. The study of cells using microscopes can either be through transmission electron microscopy, fluorescence microscopy,...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Biology Research Paper on Galactosemia for FREE!

Contact Us