Biochemistry and Molecular Biology - Coursework Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
Title: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Introduction: The concepts of biochemistry and molecular biology are slightly different yet related to each other. While molecular biology is determined on an understanding of the molecular activities within a living organism, the study of biochemistry focuses on the findings obtained as a result of the molecular biology thus enhancing the knowledge on the different molecular and cellular processes within the living organism (Wilson & Walker, 2010, p.1)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.3% of users find it useful
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"

Download file to see previous pages Water has been obtained as the primary constituent of all living organisms. Be it plants or animals, the water has its role in the process of metabolism. It is required in the process of photosynthesis where light energy is utilized splitting the water molecule such that the hydrogen gets separated and the oxygen is released in the air. Many substances in the body are hydrolyzed by water as well. For example, it is capable of breaking amino acids bonds in proteins and peptide linkages of monosaccharide in polysaccharides. Diffusion of several materials is also obtained through the component of water (Saint, 2004). Water helps in the transport of different substances within the body since it easily dissolves other materials and thus acts as a good solvent. This function of the water also enables the removal of waste products like ammonia and urea from the body. Water being capable of diluting such waste products enables their recycling process in the Nitrogen cycle. Since water is viscous in nature it also acts a good lubricant and form different lubricating fluids in the body that include mucus, synovial fluid, pleural fluid and pericardial fluid having different functions in the body. Apart from all these functions, water also acts as a supporting medium for several organisms since it is not easily condensed. Overall in the biological systems, water has miscellaneous functions that include maintaining body temperature, as well as dispersal in the process of reproduction (Saint, 2004). 2. Structure of Carbohydrates: Monosaccharide, Disaccharide, and Polysaccharide: Carbohydrates are formed as a result of the combinations of carbon and water molecules. In general the carbohydrates may be represented through the formula (CH2O)n. Here C represents the carbon molecules and H2O represents the water molecules, n being the number of atoms of this combination of molecules. However, in some cases carbohydrates might also contain greater numbers of sulphur or nitrogen molecules. If the molecular structure of the carbohydrates is studied, carbons are found to form chains or rings with hydroxyl groups two or more in number along with an aldehyde or a ketone group. There is a carbonyl group at the terminal end of an aldehyde that gets bonded to hydrogen molecule or carbon. A ketone is different from an aldehyde and represents a carbonyl group bonded in between two carbon molecules (Talaro & Park, 2007, p.42). Different configurations are obtained of the carbohydrates. Monosaccharide refers to one of the forms of carbohydrates that represent a simple polyhydroxy aldehyde or molecule of ketone that contain 3 to 7 molecules of carbon. The structure of a disaccharide varies from a monosaccharide in that a disaccharide is formed from two monosaccharides in combination. When five or more monosaccharides combine to form a carbohydrate, then that structure represents a polysaccharide. The monosaccharides and disaccharides are represented by prefix- ose at the end of the name. The name however depends on the number of carbons in the structure. For example, pentose has 5 carbons in it, hexose is composed of 6 carbons, and so on (Talaro & ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/biology/1443478-biochemistry-and-molecular-biology
(Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words. https://studentshare.org/biology/1443478-biochemistry-and-molecular-biology.
“Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1443478-biochemistry-and-molecular-biology.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
ro
roselyn93 added comment 1 day ago
Student rated this paper as
This essay saved me today. I liked the content. It was very useful for my biology course.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Molecular and ellular Biology

...? Molecular and cellular Biology Essay Questions 12/04 Question 2 Genetic Engineering: Genetic engineering is one of the most advanced technologies that is being used these days. It is a laborious process and requires extensive research. Genetic engineering is a process in which gene is taken from one organism and incorporated into other. Genes may be incorporated into bacteria, plants or animals. In this process recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology is used to incorporate gene of interest into organisms and that organism in which gene is inserted is said to be genetically engineered. Through this process off springs with unique characters are produced. Recombinant DNA is also referred to as Chimera. By the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Molecular Biology

...of a 1200 bp mouse genomic DNA fragment in E. coli. b) A plasmid for expression of a eukaryotic yeast gene in the prokaryote, E. coli. c) A plasmid to determine if a specific 800 bp region of human genomic DNA has the ability to control transcription (i.e. whether the region is a gene promoter). d) A plasmid to allow manipulation of a DNA fragment in E. coli and to also allow the expression of the fragment in mammalian cells. Question 7 (8%) Define the following in the molecular biology context: a) Nonsense: The nonsense-mediated mRNA decay pathway degrades mRNAs transcribed from genes in which an amino-acid codon has changed to a nonsense codon; this prevents the translation of such mRNAs into...
7 Pages(1750 words)Lab Report

GENETIC & Molecular BIOLOGY

...Genetics and Molecular Biology Question 2) When looking at two different species, specifically the horse which possesses 64 diploid chromosomes and 36 acrocentric autosomes, and the ass which possesses 62 chromosomes and 22 acrocentric autosomes, it is significant to investigate the genotype of the offspring. If one were to mate a male ass with a female horse, the offspring would be a mule with 63 diploid chromosomes. The reason that the mule (progeny of the ass and horse) has 63 diploid chromosomes is as follows: The male ass has 62 diploid chromosomes and therefore its gametes would contain 31 chromosomes each, after meiosis. The female horse has 64 diploid chromosomes and 32 chromosomes in her...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Cell molecular biology

...Cyclin gene TTherm_00425970 expression during conjugation of the ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila The goal of this study was to assess the role of individual cyclin genes of the eukaryotic microorganism, Tetrahymena thermophila, in the process of conguation, a sexual cell division cycle unique to the ciliated protozoans that involves a complex series of events that include meiotic and mitotic nuclear divisions, nuclear fusions, DNA elimination and amplifications and nuclear destruction. Gene expression patterns of the cyclin genes of Tetrahymena are known to both drive and respond to cell cycle events similar to these in other model systems. Microarray expression data for the cyclin genes of Tetrhymena thermophila were collected...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Paleontology and molecular biology

...Biology 09 October Integration of Fossil and Molecular Data Integrating fossil and molecular data is just like opening a door to endless amazing discoveries on how the body of living creatures was formed. It has been established that molecular data along with morphological data played important roles in giving vivid details on the history of evolution. While it is true that molecular data or DNA data results to documented sequence of various events in the evolutionary development of specific specie, it cannot achieve any success in deciphering the evolution of species that lived hundreds or millions of years ago through fossils. It is in this regard that...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Molecular Biology and Molecular Diagnostics

...Molecular Biology and Molecular Diagnostics Introduction The popularity of Health tips magazines is on the rise. The magazines are increasingly being appreciated because of their role of providing useful health information on various topics (Allison, 2009, p. 45). What is more, the magazines offer information on the most recent advances in molecular biology research, the most effective health practices, and beauty tips for (aging) women. Health tips magazines also address emotional, mental, fitness-related, dietary, and physical environment issues. The main topics discussed in health magazines include disease management, fitness, beauty, diet, well...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Applied molecular biology

...LYMPHOMA DIAGNOSTICS TECHNIQUES al Affiliation) Problem of Interest Lymphoma diagnostics. Many people die of the disease called non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas. The most common type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas (NHL), out of the many subtypes, is the diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). This death rate can be reduced by employing various methods stated below. Why the Problem Exists It is very difficult to categorize prognostic ally on morphological or clinical grounds the condition of NHL subtype DLBCL. With the complexity of the classification system of the NHL, it is known that the NHL categories have multiple disease subtypes each with separate molecular defects and clinical outcomes. An example is where, 35-40% of patients...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Molecular Biology

...Molecular Biology Monoclonal antibodies are used in research, diagnostics and therapeutics. Monoclonal antibodies are issued from one single cloneof cells. Monoclonal antibodies from mouse origin are easy to produce but their therapeutic availability is restricted by their antigenicity. Human monoclonal antibodies are produced by humanising mouse monoclonal antibodies. Monoclonal antibodies can be obtained by intraperitoneal injection into mice and collection of ascetic fluid produced. Since it is difficult to to remove antigenicity from the mouse, in vitro immunisation (IVI) protocol of human peripheral blood mononuclear (PBMC) cells for generating human antigen specific antibodies was developed. For monoclonal antibody, mice... Biology...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Molecular Biology

...MOLECULAR BIOLOGY al Affiliation) Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 Problem to be addressed. 3 Introduction 3 Justification of the Technique 4 Preliminary Protocol 5 Protocol for the Technique Optimization 6 Materials 6 Apparatus 6 Reagents 7 Controls 7 Procedure 7 Preparation of reagents 8 Pre-PCR 8 Results 8 Interpretation of the results 9 Kits 9 Suggestion for Approaches 10 Final SOP Suggestion 11 List of Suppliers and Costing 11 Assessment 13 Reference 16 Key words: Protocol, Risk Assessment Problem to be addressed. This project involves using a real time PCR for diagnosis in the laboratory of human infection with a whooping cough. Introduction Bordetella pertussis causes a whooping cough; a...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Molecular biology

...APPLIED MOLECULAR BIOLOGY: OUTLINE MODULE PROJECT PROJECT USING TILING ARRAYS TO DIAGNOSE DRUG RESISTANCE IN CLINICAL ISOLATES OF GONORRHEA SUMMARY OF PROJECT One of the major global burdens of sexually transmitted diseases is gonorrhea, second only to Chlamydia.106 million gonococcal infections have been reported annually, making it a disease that demands immediate attention and treatment. However, during the recent years frequent incidences of treatment failures have been reported for this disease, causing rising concern to health care providers and researchers (Blomquist, et al., 2014). The causal organism Neisseria gonorrhoeae has been reported to exhibit resistance to first line therapeutic drugs and has even shown ability... et al.,...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Coursework on topic Biochemistry and Molecular Biology for FREE!

Contact Us