Topic -Febrile Seizures A sudden forceful flow of electrical impulses in the brain that affects the sensations and feelings of a person for a short duration of time is known s seizure. This is also known as epileptic seizure (Balch, 397). There can be seizure motions that are hardly noticed such as a sensation of pins and needles in a thumb that lasts for a few seconds…
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Up to 5% or may be more in the population is estimated to have had at least one seizure arising from any cause during their lifetime. Epilepsy can be found in any individual ranging from young babies to aged old men and women. It is clinically known that epilepsy can have its beginning or onset in both old age and in childhood. The underlying causes of seizure in medical terms in unknown. More than 32 different kinds of seizures are known today (Seizure and Epilepsy, 3). These are divided into focal seizures and generalized seizures. A seizure is caused by an electro chemical disorder in the brain. Chemical reactions are used by the brain cells to produce the electric discharges. When there is an imbalance of excitation and inhibition in a particular area of the brain a seizure can occur. In a seizure attack, the normal regulated function of the nerve cells in the cerebral hemisphere gets disrupted (Appleton & Marson, 2). Many people also some patients suffering from seizures have the notion that the actual seizures are ones that have strong, uncontrolled movements. They believe that having an uneasy pain or feeling in the stomach, going blank for a few moments, or jerking of the arm few times is not to be assumed to be a seizure. It can be at most considered to be a minor spell. But the fact is any change in the sensation or behavior that arises from an uncontrolled activity of electric neurons in the brain is a form of seizure. In the human brain, the undersurface area of the temporal lobe is very prone to have seizures. The temporal lobe consists of the regions of the brain that are mostly involved in causing adult epilepsy. These temporal structures are coined by Greek names, such as the amygdale which means an almond and hippocampus which means a sea-horse. The amygdala and the hippocampus are the target areas for surgical removal during surgery for curing epilepsy. The amygdala and the hippocampus are also involved in controlling the expression of emotions and in the ability of the brain to form memory. Seizures can also be caused by brain poisoning caused by lead and carbon monoxide (Seizure and Epilepsy, 2). Types of seizures Seizure is divided into two categories. These are known as a partial or focal seizure and a generalized seizure. Partial seizures are one that start at one side of the hemisphere of the brain where as the seizures that begin in both the sides of the hemisphere of the brain at the same time are known as generalized seizures (Pitkanen, et al, 6). Partial seizures are further classified into simple partial seizures that have no alteration in consciousness or memory and secondly complex partial seizures that have alteration in consciousness or memory (Fisher & Saul, 6). Simple partial seizures are characterized by motor seizures that include twitching, unusual sensations, unusual visions, sounds and smells as well as distortions of perception. Seizure activity can reach up to the autonomic nervous system that can result in flushing, tingling sensations or nausea. These symptoms of simple partial seizures remain in the clear consciousness and are in full recalling ability for the patient. Complex partial seizures that were previously known as psychomotor seizures or the temporal lobe seizures or the limbic seizure is another type of partial seizure. Complex partial seizures can have an aura, which is a symptom or a warning of the seizure (Fisher
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Medical practitioners agree that individual chemotherapeutic drugs may cause specific adverse effects, and the combination of these drugs would worsen the condition. If these risk conditions are left untreated, some of them may become fatal. This paper will discuss three high risk complications of chemotherapy including chemotherapy-related nephrotoxicity, febrile neutropenia, and chemotherapy-related enterotoxicity.
Hence, it is extremely important that a relationship of understanding and empathy is developed between the two sets of individuals so that students can deal with unforeseen problems or chronic difficulties. This is where the importance of collaboration between students and teachers comes in.
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Some people loss alertness for a while whereas some others may undergo emotional changes and strange sensations. Even though the exact reason for epilepsy is still unknown, it is generally accepted that epilepsy occurs because of the changes in brain tissues and the subsequent excitation or wrong functioning of brain.
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Emerging diseases are then categorized as newly emerging diseases, deliberately emerging and re-emerging diseases on the basis of their course or incidence and the occurrence according to time and place (L.Guerrant et al 2011). Recent researches and studies have brought into light many emerging infectious diseases which are both a serious threat to human health and require medical interventions and preventive measures.
Vaccination was first developed by Edward Jenner, the first vaccine being against the deadly small pox, in the year 1796 (Ghaffar and Haqqi, Microbiology and Immunology On-line). It was he who coined the term 'vaccination'. The next vaccine was developed by Louis Pasteur against rabies in 1885, almost a century later.
mission after material or significant alterations such as those caused by abnormal paroxysmal neurone discharge levels (Engel, Taylor and Trimble 2008, p2077). Generally, a manifestation of a seizure is accompanied by drastic brain function breakdown which can be on different
The concept of this right emanates from the most basic right provided by the Due process clause, that is, the right to life, liberty and property. It also protects the right to privacy. It is the same right that is also protected by the Fourth Amendment The right against unreasonable searches and seizures emanates from an old rule of common law as stated by Sir Edward Coke (1604): "The house of every one is to him as his castle and fortress, as well for his defense against injury and violence as for his repose." This emphasizes that even the king cannot enter any individuals personal property and is only permitted to do further search and inquiry with a lawful cause and following certain con
Literature in the area of family health has suggested that somatization (a disorder which is often used to label the incidence of non-epileptic events) may be determined by a family's response pattern to stressful situations. The author investigated a variety of psychosocial factors (social modeling, developmental emotional stress).
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