Nobody downloaded yet

The Altar of Zeus - Term Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Regarded by many as one of the most outstanding pieces of architecture from the Greco-Roman Era, the Altar of Zeus is a huge rectangular structure currently found in a museum in Berlin, Germany. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.3% of users find it useful
The Altar of Zeus
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"The Altar of Zeus"

Download file to see previous pages It was originally situated in Pergamon, with dimensions of 36.4 meters by 34.2 meters, and made mostly of marble, as stated in the online article of Michael Lahanas entitled The Pergamon Zeus Altar and the Gigantomachy. The Altar is primarily composed of four parts. Its most prominent part is found in the frontal frieze which displays the mythological epic called the Gigantomachy. Inside the Altar is another famous frieze that depicts the story of a Greek historical figure named Telephos. Contrary to the frontal frieze which exudes the elements of violence and dynamism, the inner frieze is more subdued both in its style and narrative. In order to better understand the significance of the Altar of Zeus, this paper is to be divided into three parts. The first part will provide a historical background behind the construction of the Altar. The second part will extensively examine the Altar by studying its aesthetic form, as well as its socio-political significance. The third part will analyze the observations obtained in order to justify why the Altar is deemed to be an essential piece of art. Historical Background of the Altar of Zeus The historical background of the Altar is tied closely with the history of Pergamon itself. After the death of Alexander the Great during the Hellenistic Age, his companions divided his vast empire alongside the accumulated wealth among themselves. However, a struggle soon ensued among his successors. This led to the victory of Lysimachus, a Macedonian leader who then transferred most of the treasure to Thrace, as stated in Robin Hard’s book called The Routledge Handbook of Greek Mythology. He relocated the remaining portion in Asia Minor, in which he assigned Philedairos as the leader and protector of wealth. After Philedairos’ death, his treasure was passed on to his nephew, Eumenes I, who stood as the leader of Pergamon. Eumenes I and his successors were able to effectively handle the wealth by spending it mostly on security—financing mercenaries and paying off the nearby enemies to prevent their invasion. Aside from this, Eumenes I also spearheaded massive construction projects that were aimed at modeling Pergamon after the Athens of ancient Greece. In this light, the Altar of Zeus is said to symbolize the triumph of the Pergamene people against the Galatians—Celtic people who came from central Europe. Historically, the Gauls were notorious for antagonizing Pergamon and for being the enemies of various Hellenistic kingdoms as stated in Nigel Spivey’s book called Greek Art. Before 241 B.C., the city of Pergamon had paid tributes to the Gauls to avoid their attacks. This arrangement was put in finality when Attalos I assumed the role as the Pergamene leader in 241 B.C. and decided to engage the Gauls in battle. After their victory, the Pergamene people commemorated their success by narrating the historic events in legendary stories and by creating various works of art. The successor of Attalos I, Eumenes II, soon sponsored the building of the Altar of Zeus at around 180 B.C. in order to honor the victory of Rome over the allies of Antiochus the Great of Syria, eight years earlier. By winning this battle, Eumenes II was able to acquire a significant portion of the Seleucid Empire. Through the brief review of the Altar’s historical background, it can be said that the material not only immortalized the success of Eumenes II’s empire against the Syrians, it also highlighted the significance of the Grecian or Athenian culture in the lives of the Pergamene people, as seen in the depiction of the battle between mortal creatures and gods. Closer Look at the Altar of Zeus At this point, it is crucial to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“The Altar of Zeus Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/architecture/1395855-alter-of-zeus-pergamon-greece
(The Altar of Zeus Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words)
https://studentshare.org/architecture/1395855-alter-of-zeus-pergamon-greece.
“The Altar of Zeus Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/architecture/1395855-alter-of-zeus-pergamon-greece.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
St. Peter's Basillica (Designed by Bramante)
Inside the building you can find the impressive works of artists like Michelangelo, Bernini and Giotto. The church is basically a masterpiece that amazes every eye. There existed an old building before the construction of the “new” St. Peter’s Basilica.
12 Pages(3000 words)Term Paper
Biblical Reference For the Catholic Mass
They act as a source of accurate and believable information that everyone with doubts needs. The Catholic Mass, for instance, is indeed all Jesus and all Biblical. Believably, the Mass serves as the most common and simplest Biblical way of worshiping God.
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper
The God Apollo: Threat and Help for the Greeks
The role of Apollo to the life of the Greeks greatly depended on the god’s specific power or attribute. This deity has many and varied abilities and capabilities. It is arguably presumed that Apollo is the “most Greek of the gods”
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper
How the Homeric Hymn on Aphrodite Defines the Power of the Goddess
Aphrodite was a great Greek goddess of love and beauty. She is also said to be the personification of nature and as the bearer of all things living. Homeric Hymns describe her more as the diva of love, which ignites the hearts of gods and men alike with passion and, thus, get a strong hold over them through her enchanting and bewitching appeal.
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper
History of the Olympic Games
The Olympic Games were closely associated with the cult of Zeus. The cult practiced religious festivals, which were closely linked to the games. The ancient Olympics were both an athletic and religious festival. Olympics came to be held after a period of four years to honor Zeus.
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper
The Mass - An Obligation Or Joy
The Roman Catholics celebrate the Mass service every Sunday of the week and during holy days of the year1. According to the Catholics Church, Sunday represents the day of Jesus’ resurrection from the death and ascension to heaven. The Mass thus represents the day when Jesus resurrected from the death.
13 Pages(3250 words)Term Paper
Assignment #1
A priest followed by a Levite come by. They both avoid the man. Eventually, a Samaritan comes by and though Jews and Samaritans despised each other, he helps the injured man. Jesus tells this in response to a question about who a
1 Pages(250 words)Term Paper
Term paper
On the other hand, Buddha was the initiator of the Buddhist religion in India, which went on to spread all over Asia affecting the way the society was run. The paper then traces the Greeks, with the myth on Europa and Zeus, the cause
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper
History of the Olympic Games
The Olympics had a religious connotation as the Olympia where events took place was a place for worship and an oath to Zeus was taken before any events began. This
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper
Gendering the Mythic World
Additionally, myths give legendary stories about certain events or beings either having or lacking natural explanations or facts that can be determined. They explain
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Term Paper on topic The Altar of Zeus for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us