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Archaeology - Essay Example

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‘The parable of the tribes’ by Andrew Bard Schmookler offers a social evolution theory to explain why civilization developed as it has, particular, why its main transformations of human lifecycle have not better served outstanding human needs. It defies the commonsense view…
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Archaeology
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Download file to see previous pages kler believes that for a creature to grow culture to a point that it can devise its way of life seems to offer freedom, but that freedom is a trap, and that freedom for any existing society is anarchy in a cooperative system of these societies. Anarchy — exceptional in the life history - makes inevitable a power struggle amongst societies. This perpetual competition, together with open-ended cultural innovation possibilities, inevitably drives social evolution towards an unchosen direction, according to the author: ways of life which do not confer adequate power, regardless of how civilized intrinsically, are eradicated, while the power ways are relentlessly spread throughout the system (Schmookler, 93).
The author says that he experienced the vision containing his idea 1970, and the book developing the vision got published in 1984. In between those years, he asserts that he had conducted research in the many diverse relevant study areas to check out the main thesis and the various subordinate hypotheses that forms the components of the general theoretical edifice. Schmookler relies on schematically nursed parable to lay down his argument: how one aggressive tribe among an otherwise peaceful group can force the spread of power, civilization and involuntary cultural evolution. The author offers the reader with a model that makes his / her predicament comprehensible, and that is what makes the book important. It supplies pieces missing from a great puzzle (Schmookler, 83).
While human well-being could be incidental to one foremost social- evolutionary force, there remains room for human ambition to dictate the other part of the evolution story. I therefore argue that not that Schmookler’s work has been the only force directing civilization evolution but only that it stands out as an extremely important factor. Civilization evolution can be seen as a dialectic between the organized selection for power and human striving for a civilized world, between the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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