In circumcision, a young boy passes from childhood to adulthood. A rite of passage also involves three stages: separation phase, transition phase and reincorporation or introduction into the new world. …
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The separation phase in East African circumcision ceremony occurs when young boys of about 12-15 years are picked by young adults from their homes and assembled in the bush (Prazak, 2004). In the bush, the foreskins of their penis are cut off to symbolize the elimination of childhood as one prepares to become an adult. Separation occurs because the boys go away from their home and spend some time in the bushes where they are circumcised and wait to be healed.
The transition phase in this ritual is the time when the boys stay in the bushes as they wait to heal. Within this period, the boys are taught the morals, traditions, values and norms of their communities (Prazak 2004). They are taught to be responsible in the society and to understand the key values of the community. The boys are also treated in this phase with traditional herbs so that they can heal faster. Lastly, the boys sing, dance, and eat throughout this transition period. This phase is transitional period because the activities prepare the boys to move into new world of more responsibility as adults in the society.
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People involve on these practices considered it legal but for wider public, they considered it illegal due to health and emotional implications that come along with it. Female genitalia mutilation, also known as female genitalia cutting refers to all procedures involving partial or total removal of external genital organs for non medical reasons.
Changes in human life take a different form and ranges from birth to death, getting married and divorcing. Rites of passage can also be celebrated to signify the change in the life of a person from one stage of life to the next. In addition, the journey in human life is marked by various ceremonies, which can either be personal or designed in a group.
The term ‘female circumcision’ is commonly used by clinicians who work directly with women in the community, but the official documents and policy statements normally use another term: ‘female genital mutilation’ (FGM) or ‘female genital cutting’ (FGC). The term FGM was first used in one of the first international documents.
Rites of passages indicate that a person had gone through a stage in his life and is celebrating the commencement of a new chapter in his existence. Different rituals within each culture are established and conducted in order to celebrate these transitions.
f the activity back to the 5th century B.C where it was referred to as female circumcision and was documented to have been done on the females of the higher classes in Egypt and Ethiopia (Kontoyannis and Katsetos, p. 32).
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Betwixt and between illustrates Liminal Period in Rites de Passage as described by Victor Turner. He builds on a class of ritual described by Arnold van Gennep. The work analyzes circumcision as a rite of passage among the Jewish believers. My
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