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The Dualism of Mind and Brain - Book Report/Review Example

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This paper "The Dualism of Mind and Brain" focuses on the study of philosophy that has been overly accredited in its many successes in defining and understanding many aspects of human existence. However, all philosophers will attest that although they seem to have covered milestones in the field, there is one particular aspect that they have never quite understood. …
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The Dualism of Mind and Brain
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The Dualism of Mind and Brain

Download file to see previous pages... Some claim that the mind is non-existent; others claim the mind and brain cooperate to bring about intelligence. Further studies into human intelligence surround the development and complexity of human language which in comparison to all other animals’ language is quite unique and high-tech. These two controversies will form the basis of this study text.
Chapter 14 in the book “Who are” by Pojman Louis is dedicated to explaining the mind-brain controversy which takes to two partitions of monism and dualism. The dominant dualist theories as explained by Descartes, Augustine, and Plato are challenged by other philosophers such as Daniel Dennett and Patricia Churchland who are supporters of the monist theories.
The controversy arises from the dualist understanding of the brain, which defines the brain as existing in two forms; material and mental. The material form of the brain is defined as a body which is a material (solid) entity, is three-dimensional, occupies space, can be measured, can be observed by other parties apart from the owner, and results in some actions which rely on invariant laws of physics, particularly mechanics. On the other hand, the mental definition of the brain takes away all these properties and attributes the mind with consciousness as an intangible thing, occupies no space, is observable by only the owner, is immeasurable, and dos not adhere to any laws of physics. The dominant difference between the two is that while medical practitioners can directly touch and operate on the brain, only the owner of the mind can think using it, experience emotions, feel pain or know their beliefs and desires (226).
Dualism occurs through what is called dualistic interactionism, which is a correlation between the mind and brain. The mind caters for intelligence, which in turn affects the brain to enable a function. For instance, as Louis (226) explains, if one steps on a nail, some things happen; one withdraws the foot of the nail, and two, thinks of some way to heal the wound or prevent further complication such as tetanus infection.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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Dualism has over the years been associated with several philosophers, thinkers and religious leaders. Prominent among these are Socrates, Plato, St. Augustine, the Hindu religion and Prophet Zoroaster. Each of these personalities and groups take dualism from a different perspective but they all seem to arrive at one major understanding that two all concepts of human existence, there are two forms.
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