Nobody downloaded yet

Biological and/or social consequences of humans switching from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to a farming lifestyle - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Instructor 30th April 2013 Biological and Social Consequences of Humans Switching from a Hunter-Gatherer Lifestyle to a Farming Lifestyle Archeologists date the beginning of Neolithic agriculture to between 5000 and 10000 years ago (Weisdorf 1), and state that hunter-gatherer groups were dominant in the period dated over 10,000 million years ago…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.3% of users find it useful
Biological and/or social consequences of humans switching from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to a farming lifestyle
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Biological and/or social consequences of humans switching from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to a farming lifestyle"

Download file to see previous pages Some of the present hunter-gatherer communities include the San of the Kalahari, Pygmy of Congo Forest, Hadza and Okiek of East Africa. Hunter-gatherer communities have some of the following features that make them unique in modern society. The community greatly depends on subsistence technology; in which there food is not processed or stored but consumed and the remainder left to rot. The hunter-gatherer community has no fixed settlement patterns or dwellings, but consists of small groups ranging from 10 to 30 persons. The community has no social obligations, norms, as rules are set by the whole group, and a person can leave whenever they want. There is also no property ownership and they live an egalitarian life whereby, a person food and property is for the whole community (Stiles 8). A biological consequence caused by change to agriculture is the rise of health cases and diseases among the hunter-gatherer. These diseases are caused by the narrow resources available for farming making humans use chemicals and genetically modified foods for consumptions. These foods have low nutritional value compared to the naturally occurring foods, which was present for the traditional hunter-gatherer (Khatry 6). The rise of agricultural activities has had both positive and negative consequences to the biological and social activities of the hunter-gatherer communities. The shift to agricultural activities has increased dependency on cultivated and domesticated plants and animals for food. This contrasts the hunter-gatherer nature whereby they follow the course of nature (Khatry 3-4), who gathered naturally growing plant and wild animals for food. Farming has encroached natural habitats to clear more land for farming activities limiting hunter-gatherer activities. Rise in civilization has also caused a biological imbalance in the physical environment, as humans change from the egalitarian hunter gathering to farming, which requires surplus food for food security increasing pressure on the land. This leads to loss of the biological habitat of food and animals as more land is cleared by humans for farming activities. Farming led to the growth in civilization as settlements develop in areas, which have high food productivity. This growth of population increases demand for food resources making hunter gatherers to adopt animal husbandry and plant growing to cater for their increasing number, over a limited geographical area (Habu 1). The increased pressure causes massive vegetation clearance by humans, which in results causes climatic changes in some areas. Population pressure from other communities living in the same geographical areas as the hunter-gatherer led to assimilation of the other cultures. This implies that with the increased interaction between the hunter-gatherer communities with the others, they learn new social cultures and develop social norms, which did not exist before (Stiles 2). Dressing codes and social interaction of the hunter-gatherer communities have changed with foreign cultures presented by other farming communities. This interaction with other communities who practice agriculture has made the hunter gatherer communities to learn new languages. This means that their natural language influence reduces as more communities join them to practice farming in the land (Stiles 6). Agriculture increases pressure for land ownership between the hunte ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Biological and/or social consequences of humans switching from a Essay”, n.d.)
Biological and/or social consequences of humans switching from a Essay. Retrieved from
(Biological and/Or Social Consequences of Humans Switching from a Essay)
Biological and/Or Social Consequences of Humans Switching from a Essay.
“Biological and/Or Social Consequences of Humans Switching from a Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Nutrition and Lifestyle Management
...?Nutrition and Lifestyle Management: A case study Introduction: This is a case of a 55 year old female presenting with symptoms of mostly digestive complaints such as heartburn that occurs twice a week, an occasional abdominal bloating, flatulence, irregular bowel habits, itchiness of the anal part especially during at night along with other symptoms such as dry skin and tiredness plus the fact that she is overweight. All these complaints could be associated with her weight and activities which will be evaluated within the context of this paper for analysis that could in the better end of this study would present this person a solution to these mentioned problems. The person whose nutrition and lifestyle...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Lifestyle Management Plan cutting down the risk of developing other lifestyle diseases, I hope to increase my stamina and fitness, appear more confident in my looks and become socially more active. Measurement of effectiveness of the plan I will weekly follow my weight and waist circumference. This will provide me with the weekly and final assessment of the effectiveness of my plan. I will also note any subjective improvements I find in my life associated with the weight loss. In case, I achieve the short term objectives, I will sustain these steps as a part of my lifestyle because I feel they are agreeable and culturally acceptable to me. Also, having family history of risk factors, it would be rational for...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Promoting healthy lifestyle choices
...of the population aged above sixty five years and above (Office for National Statistics, 2009). Medical practitioners are under increasing pressure to provide improved quality services for this section of the population (Davies, 2010). Ageing is a natural process that is often related with disease and this can be attributed to the increased contact to disease causing carcinogens. It is important to study the factors facilitating these diseases and the lifestyle choices that can be made to minimize their prevalence. Case analysis The target group in this paper is the older people aged fifty years and above. The older generation does not share homogenous characteristics; they differ in terms of social...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
Maintaining a Healthy Lifestyle provides you with adequate daily rest. Individuals with good physical health get 7-8 hours of sleep and enjoy recreation and relaxation. In additional they also take advantage of being more energetic and productive in their professional endeavors. The lack of sleep is a major stressor (World Health Organization, 1998). The inability to receive normal sleep may impair memory, cause distress, frustration and social isolation. Person's safety can also be in danger, if for example he is driving, suffering from fatigue. This can easily lead to a car accident. Having troubles regaining the necessary relaxation affects the immune system and people are more likely to catch cold or flu (World Health...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Healthy Lifestyle
...Healthy Lifestyle Healthy Lifestyle Titus Rock Manickam Order No. 249658 05 November 2008 Healthy Lifestyle Introduction Good health is synonymous to a progressive lifestyle. If one wants to enjoy good life, it is necessary to maintain good health. The state of health is dependent on factors that promote good mental and physical being. This again calls for sometime of active games and exercise on a daily basis. While on the subject, let us remember that it is important to have a positive attitude and self-control. Active games and physical exercises have a role to play. They increase our metabolism. However, it is a good mental frame that accelerates the process of a...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Reckless Lifestyle
...Reckless Lifestyle My life has been turmoil ever since I can remember. To start with, I grew up without knowing who my father was. My family and I had many hardships and these hardships led me to a reckless lifestyle. I dropped out of school at the age of fourteen and I was in the eighth grade. Not knowing which direction to go, I took the easy way out (so it seemed to me). I ran away from home and entered the life of a child out in the streets. At sixteen, I got married for the first time. The result of that marriage was divorce. Again, I was bewildered and sought what I thought was a solution to my problems. I started taking drugs, drinking heavily, and did anything I could think of to obtain...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
...Lifestyle The Spanish way of life seems very different from the fast paced world we live in today. A person need to get used to the relaxed and leisure pace of life in order to enjoy living in Spain, unless they are on a holiday. It could be great in one way to take life easy enjoying and relishing every moment without having to rush through every moment and feel empty at the end of it all. It gives a sense of fulfillment as the family ties are strong which is most important for the emotional security of a person. On the other hand it could be a frustrating experience for someone used to living on the fast track which could be impossible in a society that moves at its own pace. The Spanish way of life is to work hard and...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Innovative lifestyle self-management could be considered innovative insofar as it is unusual in comparison to one’s peers or colleagues in the social circle. In this regard, I can honestly say that I practice a straightforward lifestyle focused on achieving my personal goals. Currently, my ultimate goal is to finish my studies and to prepare myself for a future career. It is only innovative in terms of the application of my study habits while trying to comply with responsibilities as a child, a friend, a colleague, a citizen, and a productive member of society. I have a talent for prioritizing activities that need to be accomplished. College education is basically voluntary and more expensive where students learn...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Cause and effect on hunter-gatherer
...) and they would naturally converge on the lake or river (effect). It is this simple logic and reasoning that had been repeated over several generations to become an accepted truth for nomadic hunters-gatherers. The awareness, ability and tendency to look for causal relationships between natural events can greatly help in the struggle for survival. This survival instinct of using cause-and-effect relationships is the end product of the evolutionary process. It is the humans’ way of adapting to environmental conditions and the changes in those conditions. A specific natural habitat on which early Man was so dependent, required biological adaptations to meet the exigencies...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
...1- A new client comes to you wanting to lose 30 lbs. They seem to be relatively active. What is the healthiest way to lose the weight, and to help them maintain their weight after their goal is achieved? What areas of health might be impacting the weight gain? Losing a weight nowadays can be a major cause of self-loathing and self-destruction as one has to go through awful and highly disgusting eating and daily routine. Thanks to our ways of eating in addition with Victoria’s Secrets Angels and Abercrombie & Fitch models physiques who has raised the standards of being called “Smart” so high that people found themselves utterly hopeless. Reaching an optimal level health is not a child’s play. It requires lots of hard work... A new client...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Biological and/or social consequences of humans switching from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to a farming lifestyle for FREE!
Contact Us