26 April 2012. Contemporary Practices in Serbia: Early Pagan Belief Influences Serbian Christians have long been influenced by paganism, paganism being the faith of their forefathers. Slavic pagan beliefs greatly influence contemporary practices in Serbia in the areas of religion, folklore and culture…
Download file to see previous pages...
Central figures in Christianity took the role of pagan gods and goddesses who Serbian people had worshipped before their conversion to Christianity. The representation of these characters is prominent in the everyday life of people of Serbia. Pagan traditions can be seen in everything from place names to the names of the seasons while Slavic mythology plays a central role in Serbian folklore and greatly influences Serbian epic poetry. Serbs came into contact with Christianity during the reign of emperor Heraclius (610-641) and were later during the rule of Basil I (867-886) baptized by Byzantine missionaries. However, even centuries after the conversion, Christian priests and monks fought against Serbs practicing a 'double faith'. On the one hand, peasants and farmers eagerly accepted baptism, masses and the new Christian holidays. While on the other, they still persisted performing ancient rites and worshiping old pagan cults, even when the ancient deities and myths on which those were based were forgotten. Serbs saw Christianity was not a replacement of old Slavic mythology, but rather an addition to it. Christianity may have offered salvation in the next life, but for survival in this life, the old religious system with its fertility rites, its protective deities, and its household spirits was taken to be necessary. This was a problem the Christian church never really solved. To counter this they offered a Christian saint or martyr to replace the pagan deity of a certain cult, but the cult itself thrived, as did the mythological view of the world through which natural phenomena were explained. There have been a lot of conflicts between the pagans converted into Christians and the pagans that maintained their original faith. “Paganism came to represent the unbelievers, the heathen cults of polytheism and superstition, as well as the various schools of philosophy that proliferated throughout the Empire” (Painter). The sects of pagans were maltreated with such acts as book burnings, dismantling of the pagan temples, and overt criticism upon the different schools of thought of paganism. The pagans were thought of as superstitious and non-religious people, and were associated with satan. Seeing that their social status and identity was at stake, the remaining pagans stood up for their rights, with the fundamental claim that the political and social unrest which the society was suffering from was the outcome of deviation from paganism which was the religion of their polytheistic forefathers. The Christians were left with no choice but to absorb, reform, or transform the rival belief systems. This might have been a potential cause of the acceptability of the Serbian Christians towards the pagan beliefs, rituals, and norms that have thus been carried throughout the history and are still evident in the Serbian culture. Folk beliefs and traditions are the best resource for reconstructing ancient Serbian pagan beliefs. However the folklore is generally vague and festivals and stories tend to vary from region to region. Cults of old deities were mixed with worship of new Christian saints, and old rituals were blended with the new Christian holidays. These beliefs still hold considerable religious significance but the elements of pre-Christian religion are hopelessly mixed into modern Christianity and the Serbian Orthodox Church. The Slavic god of thunder, Perun, was
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Contemporary Practices in Serbia: Early Pagan Belief Influences Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/anthropology/1449613-contemporary-practices-in-serbia-early-pagan
(Contemporary Practices in Serbia: Early Pagan Belief Influences Essay)
“Contemporary Practices in Serbia: Early Pagan Belief Influences Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/anthropology/1449613-contemporary-practices-in-serbia-early-pagan.
Modern parenting issues rose in the 1970s mostly in the western world where many countries had already recovered from World War II and were recording improved economic growth and social developments. However, contemporary parenting has had a share of its challenges for example multiculturalism, professional job demands, single parenting and poverty among others.
Strength and honor are important values, bringing fame to the kinsmen of the hero. Beowulf fits the specification of a pagan hero through his great deeds: “Fame winning deeds/have come early to my hands” (Alexander, lines 408-409). The pagan dimension is most evident in all the artefacts and customs that surround the action, while the Christian dimension is clear from the way that Beowulf’s ultimate defeat is interpreted.
It is the most talked about book in France, and was voted the best book in the 20th century. It was so famous that it has been translated into more than two hundred and fifty different languages all over the world. The book is among the world’s most bestselling books of all time, with a record sale of more than 140 million copies.
This lets the firms and their suppliers and customers interact directly and thus further strips costs from operations.
Global expansion and improved competitiveness are in turn driving other, organizational changes. Rather than pyramidal chains with nine or ten levels, firms are flat; self-directed teams of empowered employees, close to the customers, now take decisions that once had to be shifted up for managerial review.
There were widespread animosities between various tribes in their quest for geographic locations rich in natural resources. At this period of time, around 6th and 7th century AD, no one tribe could claim nativity over a piece of
In such a way, a veritable melting pot of cultural aspects that draw their influences from Judaism, Islam, a litany of pagan religions, and Christianity have all coalesced to present a unique cultural understanding that ultimately can be traced back to the core components that it has derived itself from.
uter screen the events occurring in the screen may not be real but rather computer generated making the environment the individual is concentrating with virtual (Slater & Wilbur, 1997). Immersion is a description of technology that elaborates the extent computer display is