We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Environmental Archaeology - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Environmental Archaeology Author’s name Institutional Affiliation Environmental Archaeology Why is Archaeological Dating Critical to Understanding Past Environmental Changes? Dating material obtained from the archaeological records can be prepared by a direct analysis of an artifact or might be deduced by connection with materials obtained in the context that the item is obtained drawn from or deduced through its location of discovery in the cycle relative to datable perspective (Wilkinson and Stevens, 2003)…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Environmental Archaeology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Environmental Archaeology

Download file to see previous pages... There are two broad categories of dating used in assessing the age of archaeological remains these two broad categories are namely absolute methods, and relative methods. The absolute dating methods depend on using several physical properties of a sample or object to compute its age. Relative dating methods inform only on the relative difference in age between two samples (Branch, 2005). On the contrary, absolute dating methods give an actual date in terms of years. Several absolute dating methods make use of radioactive decay. This is whereby a radioactive structure of an element is transformed into a new non-radioactive product or radioactive isotope at a standard rate (Wilkinson and Stevens, 2003). Others like cation-ratio dating and amino acid racimization are founded on chemical transforms in the inorganic or organic composition of a model. In contemporary years, a number of these techniques have experienced continual improvement as scientists endeavor to develop the perfect dating methods possible (O'Connor and Evans, 2008). Examples of absolute methods include: a) Dendrochronology. b) Radiocarbon dating. c) Optical dating or optically motivated luminescence. d) Thermoluminescence dating. e) Potassium-argon dating. f) Archaeomagnetic dating. g) Numismatics. h) Magnetic Properties of Lead. i) Obsidian hydration dating j) Amino acid dating. k) Rehydroxylation dating Relative Techniques Indirect or relative methods tend to utilize associations assembled from archaeological bodies of data. An illustration is seriation. Fundamentally, relative dating depends on attaching into absolute dating with regard to the present. One case in point of this is dendrochronology which employs a method of attaching floating chronologies of tree rings collectively through cross referencing a work body (Albarella, 2001). In practice a number of diverse dating techniques ought to be applied in various circumstances, consequently dating evidence for a large amount of an archaeological sequence documented in the course of an excavation necessitates matching data from identified absolute or a number of related steps, with a vigilant study of stratigraphic interactions. What Is Paleoethnobotany and What Types of Evidence (Data Sources) Does This Research Specialization Use to Examine These Relationships? What are some of the Strengths and Limitations of This Specialization? Paleoethnobotany, also referred to as archaeobotany, is the study of human-plant correlations. Paleoethnobotany is a vital constituent of a wide-ranging study of every archaeological site, as well as lithic, ceramic or faunal analysis. Classification, analysis, as well as interpretation of the plants obtained from an archaeological site may present insight into historical subsistence, environment, and economy (Branch, 2005). There are several types of data sources that are employed in this research specialization in order to examine these relationships. Types of Data Sources The central bodies of conjecture for the life sciences encompass evolution and genetics in a broad sense. Taxonomy which is the presumption of formal categorization and systematics is fundamental to identification and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Archaeology
This paper now seeks to understand the importance of evolutionary approaches to the study of archaeology. It will seek to evaluate the theories of evolution and how they impact on the understanding of archaeology and the elements which also surround it. This study is being undertaken in order to establish a detailed and critical analysis of the subject matter in the hope of establishing an academic foundation for archaeology and related theories.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Archaeology
Collection of artifacts is employed to determine patterns from which inferential links based on ethnology, ethnoarchaeology, experiment, etc. can be used to make statements about behavior. As the question for this assignment states, “based on this pattern of reasoning many archaeologists have recently argued that archaeology can contribute to scientific understanding of long-term ecological change and the structure of modern environments.” This is the opinion of our instructor and will be examined throughout the remainder of this discussion.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Archaeology
The dimension of archaeological culture is comprised of the requisites or material culture remains of the past human societies. That is to say, the study of archaeological culture of a particular society focuses on its material culture remains collected from specific time and place.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Environmental Archaeology
The natural status of the environment has significantly changed due to the human activities taking place in the environment. Patterns of social integration also influence natural resource utilization, and this affects the condition of the natural environment in several ways.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Controversies In Archaeology
Archeologists have differed and provided different opinions on what happened to the extinction of a wide a variety of Pleistocene mammals. Archaeologists in North America have discovered the fossil remains of animals that once lived in North America. Many of these animals were herbivores and carnivores that lived in North America for over two million years.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Forensic Archaeology
Geographical survey is the most relevant and commonly applied methods for evaluating clandestine graves. Based on the feature of the place of occurrence of crime, forensic archeologists adopt various geographical
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Archaeology
Burger and Salazar (2005) report “Machu Picchu was abandoned around AD 1532, many aspects of the Inca culture and society survived” (191). If the Incas survived, why was Machu Picchu abandoned? Since the
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Enivironmental archeology
The book also looks at the historical perspective of how societies respond to hostile neighbours, climate change and trade partners. Diamond focuses on collapse rather than build ups .He looks at how environmental problems contribute to society’s instabilities
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Archaeology Home work
Further, archeology includes the protection of and conservation of the cultural heritage of the world. In serving all these purposes, archaeology has become a multidiscipline since it relates closely to other
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Archaeology
Yet, another selective process has happened, not under human control or influence and not a human nature function. Before the civilization, all life was ruled by an intricate, biologically-evolved imperative.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Environmental Archaeology for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us