This paper tells that a couple A and B exit their condo block to go for a morning walk (US) to get their exercise (UR), down Leon Avenue, they see couple C and D enter into a gymnasium several doors down (CS), which they are intending to pass on this particular morning’s walk…
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The following morning, they once again decide to get their exercise (UR) by walking (US) the same route of the past two days, only this time they enter the gymnasium to look around and make some queries. The fourth morning, they once again decide to walk (US) down Leon Avenue; and as was the case yesterday, they enter the gymnasium. This time, however, they become members (CR) having decided to use this facility for their exercising. The next morning and many mornings thereafter, the gymnasium (CS) is the place they go for their exercise (CR). This student has also chosen an activity for operant conditioning; namely, studying. A psychology professor has a double period every Friday. On some of those Fridays, the professor will, at the beginning of the second period, ask the students to study (desired behavior) the material from the first period, telling them they are free to ask him questions about the material that they did not understand. Some students do as asked, while others do not. Then, approximately 15 minutes before the end of study period a quiz is given. Those who studied, invariably obtain a good mark on the quiz, which serves as a positive reinforcement for their studying behavior. As students who studied
keep receiving good quiz grades (positive reinforcement), it strengthens the desired response (studying) and increases the chance that it will keep on happening (Morris, 1976). Social and cultural environments actually act as powerful classical and operant conditioners. The class is one cultural indicator (Benchmarks on Line). If a person is born into a class (e.g. upper middle class) where diligent studying and resulting good grades are highly valued, a student will be praised and often also rewarded with tangible items such as a bicycle, camp, a skiing holidays, and so forth.
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(Classical and Operant Conditioning Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 3)
“Classical and Operant Conditioning Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 3”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/anthropology/1443126-classical-and-operant-conditioning.
The animal has no power over the two things that are related with the learning. The animal has no control over it’s environ in classical conditioning. On the other hand, in operant conditioning, the animal makes the connection linking things that take place at the same time in that environ. The animal learns to generate a consequence in an environment, frequently a reward.
The major characteristics of culture include the aspects of the daily life of people who are a part of that culture. This may include the clothing, eating habits and religious traditions of that culture. Clothing would include the garments that people wear, to protect themselves from the climatic conditions of the place that they live in.
I aim to read a watercolor painting book and I need to condition myself to read it every day. My goal is to read each chapter of this book and to apply skills mentioned there. I will use conditioned stimulus to achieve my desired conditioned response of reading the watercolor painting book.
Because of this addiction, I sacrifice sleep and other extra-curricular activities, although I make sure that I do not sacrifice my studies by playing. Lately, however, I have been increasing my play hours and this is bothering me. I want to decrease my hours of play to only 2 hours during school days and 3 hours during non-school days.
Classical conditioning was first described by a Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov and operant conditioning was first described by an American psychologist B. F. Skinner (Cherry, 2013). Although both processes promote learning in an individual, they are inherently different from each other.
Classical conditioning is centred on involuntary and automatic behaviours while operant conditioning is related to voluntary behaviours. The stimulus that leads to a response is replaced by a varying stimulus in classical conditioning. The classical conditioning involves offering rewards and incentives.
He provided the dogs with food, and monitored their salivary response and then he began ringing a bell just before presenting the food. He noticed that the dogs would begin to salivate on seeing his assistant carrying food pans even before he presented the
v posited that the learning process in organisms occurred through classical conditioning, which he defined as an organisms ability to form associations between a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus (Meyers, 2004). Burrhus Frederic Skinner was also a proponent of
This method of learning was later popularized by B.F. Skinner who worked on reproducing Konorski’s experiments by terming it as ‘respondent behavior. Classical conditioning also gets referred to as respondent or Pavlovian conditioning. As a philosophy of
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