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It also explores the reasons why human society appears to be so fond of religious expressions, looking at both evolutionary and social explanations for its popularity. There are many religions in the world, and they can appear very different to observers, but they share three main features in common: there is faith in something supernatural; there is a system of beliefs that adherents sign up to, and there is a set of ritual behaviors which believers follow as a way of expressing their religion (Palomar College, 2011). These things work together to help people formulate a world view, in which there is meaning and purpose. Human beings have a high intelligence compared to other animals, and religion appears to be both a result of the ability to reason with an advanced brain, and of the need to have explanations for things so that future actions can be properly planned. It could be, then, that religion serves an evolutionary purpose, in helping people to understand the environment and adapt to its changes. Its universality is due to the way that the human mind works, seeking out answers to things. This curiosity and search for understanding lies behind human progress through different stages of technology and is a fundamental feature of the homo sapiens species. This evolutionary explanation shows that the first function that religion plays in human society is therefore “to provide a sense of order in what might otherwise be seen as a chaotic existence.” (Palomar College, 2011) Religion provides a collective framework which people use to interpret inexplicable events like natural disasters or the changing seasons. The supernatural dimension arises because human beings know that their own power and understanding is limited, and that there are forces far bigger and stronger than they are. Religion is needed to explain how human beings fit into the universe around them. This has a dual function, first in providing a connection between humans and these greater forces, and secondly in allowing people to harness these powers and let them affect their daily lives: “religion tunes human actions to an envisaged cosmic order and projects images of cosmic order onto the plane of human experience” (Geertz, p. 90) This binds human beings to their environment more closely and explains why so many religions have connections with the sky, the sun and weather phenomena. By developing a set of beliefs around these phenomena, people make them more comprehensible, and less frightening. This is a psychological need which minimizes stress, and provides some security for people who could otherwise feel afraid and lost in a world that can bring unexpected events at any moment. The first and most important reason for the universal existence of religion in human societies is therefore the evolutionary advantage that it gives, but the second reason has more to do with the way that human beings live in social groups. Forming groups appears to be a common behavior in many different animal types, and these groups create safety in numbers against predators and a hostile environment. One of the ways that groups determine the boundaries between one another is to have different cultures, or ways of doing things. Religions are an important way of forming groups. Many of the rituals that religions have are initiation rituals, such as circumcision, baptism, trials of faith, etc. which demonstrate who has become a member of the group and who has not. Following the rituals of religion binds the
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(What Function Does Religion Play in Human Society Why Is Religion Essay)
“What Function Does Religion Play in Human Society Why Is Religion Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/anthropology/1440334-what-function-does-religion-play-in-human-society.
Religion is a process in which a group of people believe in certain faith, God and principles. Religion in no way is a singular phenomenon, where few people co-ordinate to establish firm faith and beliefs, where God is projected as a common foundation. In fact, religion is a phenomenon in which a group of people participate, and individuals are considered to be religious since they belong to a certain group.
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Any reader would say that this article comes out as a critical and historical analysis about religion of the highest order. Whether an individual is religious, secular, neither, or a bit of both, this article is quite insightful and informative because it helps in the understanding of religion from a cognitive perspective.
Sociology is by definition, the study of the relation of society in relation to the history of society. However, the sociology of religion does not base itself upon the results of quantitative methods of qualitative approaches to information gathering. Rather, it is the study of the beliefs, practices, and organizations related to the development and growth of religion from its cult beginnings, sectarian immersion into society, then finally its acceptance as an organized religion by a majority of society.
We should recognize that religion plays a very important role in the life of all the people, even in the life of those who are not religious (Bruce, 1996). This fact proves that our society really can’t do without religion. Religious beliefs appear to be very useful for the society and many people agree that no society can exist without religion.
The religious dimension of any nation is crucial to the development of the country. Particularly in situations where men and women are to be considered to share equal amenities, from Protestants to Evangelism, every religion has left a doubt on women’s image, which has misguided the society to some extent.
The founder of Bahai Faith is Bahaullah, denoting ‘Glory of God’. The Bahai faith acknowledges the teachings of the messengers they believed to be great which includes Abraham, Moses, Buddha, Jesus and Muhammad.
In 1863, Bahaullah had asserted that he was the
Animism that comes from animus, or anima, which means mind or soul, was originally the doctrine of spiritual beings. It included the belief that personalized, paranormal beings bequeathed with reason, intelligence and preference,
Religion bears such functions as compensatory, communicative, regulatory, integrating, disintegrating and so forth. Religious factor affects the economy, politics, international relations, family, culture through the activities of the faithful individuals, groups,
The author categorized and structured the name in Latin language and gave a definition that bound the religion with the state. From this, it linked religion with politics. Flood gave the illustrations it had a meaning that the world we live was not our home. Those who follow the doctrines have to acquire a promised life after death.
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