The Maori people are native New Zealanders of the Polynesian race (Tregear 1). They are believed to have arrived sometime in the 14th century from one of the islands now known as Hawaii in several canoes…
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Europeans hungry for land, conquered in the 18th century. Many modern Maori live in poverty in urban centers and have adopted both European virtues and vices. Those more remote maintain their tradition of high birth and its’ obligations. As in North America missionaries, in spite of their good intentions to Christianize the Maori people caused a great deal of harm to their culture. They decried violence and coarseness they found in Maori culture, while ignoring these traits within their own. As Tregear pointed out, their biased view shows a failure to understand the underpinnings of Maori culture. Their societies are ruled by heredity chiefs who govern all aspects of Maori life. It is unclear how the original chiefs came into being, but presumably they were individuals who demonstrated leadership abilities and were thought by others to have sacred powers and the ability to communicate directly with the gods. It was assumed that since nature regenerates itself, such powers would be passed on to the chief’s descendants and thus rule by religious aristocracy was established. Religious Practices Without the benefit of modern scientific knowledge of nature, the Maori invented a plethora of gods to explain and hopefully control their universe. This was done through a wide range of myths, rituals, feasts sacrifices including human. Charms and spells. Most objects, whether inanimate or not, or activity was thought to have “tabu”, that is a sacred potency for either good or evil Duffie 17). Those having prestige because they were considered to be tied to the power of gods with life giving and taking powers such as chiefs were said to have “mana” (Duffie 18). In the Maori world, religion assumed the role of science and permeated all aspects of traditional Maori life. Their mythology and religious practice was based on a 2 tier system. The commoner was taught that the world began with Heaven and Mother Earth and he (she) was a descendant of their union (Tregear 457). However, for those “wise and instructed” or in other words, the hereditary chief and religious elite, the world originated before this event in a more abstract form, possibly by the Supreme Being “singing” it into existence. For the average person this mythology, rituals and relics were shrouded in secrecy and known only to the elite who had direct communication with the gods. I believe this control of the sacred knowledge, etc. was a way to consolidate their power and position in the same way that in the Middle Ages the Catholic Church allowed theBible to be published in Latin only to ensure that only the Church had direct access to God. Religious Beliefs Although the Maori shared with Christianity the belief in a Supreme Being and afterlife, on a daily basis they were much more concerned with their relationship with their lesser gods of various rank and below them a plethora of spirits, who they believed carried out various functions.(Tregear 454). Although unseen, the Maori projected that the gods and spirits lived around them in a world parallel to their own with similar emotions of love and hate, similar institutions ( for example marriage) and that they also copulated and bore children who became new gods, etc. Their relationship with their gods differed from that of Christianity. Instead of the Christian’s reverential obedience to what he(she) considered to be God’s command, in the hope of earning general personal earthly and/or heavenly rewards, the Maoris’ approach was more pragmatic. Although they respected their gods, they believed they could entice specific gods through ritual,
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(“The Maori of New Zealand: Religion, Spirituality and Rights of Passage Research Paper”, n.d.)
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(The Maori of New Zealand: Religion, Spirituality and Rights of Passage Research Paper)
“The Maori of New Zealand: Religion, Spirituality and Rights of Passage Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/anthropology/1430173-the-maori-of-new-zealand-religion-spirituality-and.
Religions have a prominent place in human life. It asks or guides people to live in a particular way which may bring salvation at the end of life. Most of the religions teach its believers that this earthly life is a temporary one and a human will get a permanent life after death if he performs good activities in his earthly life.
There has been a growing interest in the application of religion and spirituality within the field of social work, over the years. This has been documented with the help of various studies carried out by researchers, to study the impact and application of the religion and spirituality in the lives of Americans.
Media however, exists to complement the two activities. It allows the rest of the community members to appreciate the role of surfing in promoting spirituality. For instance, a number of films have been used to show the beauty of surfing.
Spirituality and religiousness are considered as two sides of the same coins however they present completely different types of discourses. Spirituality is often seen as a by-product of religion since those who practice a certain religion thoroughly are also expected to be spiritual as well.
Sex is a problem in most religions. The body has the motivation to engage in sex, but the mind is in conflict with this urge due to the development of beliefs about the morality of sexual contact. Animals do not have this urge to regulate the morality of sex.
However, the arrival of English language, which came with settlers and missionaries, resulted to a decrease in the Maori language use. The decline worsened as time passed and settlers continued to occupy many parts of New Zealand.
The decline in the
his is because human beings, besides, having need for material needs, they also have spiritual needs, which include the desire to live in harmony and co-operation with the other people. Hence, a good leader should not be egoistic, but he/she should be a selfless person, driven
aspect of substantive significance is that unlike other languages used during the same period in the different European nations, English uses vocabulary in its dialect (Macalister 102). Over the years, English language has experienced variations in the manner in which it has